To the Reader: (Please see the original files to see the proper display of colors, justification, etc.)
Christian Biblical Reflections. Completed. Old Testament.
PDF, DOCX, RTF formats.
Some words concerning Christian Biblical Reflections: I am most grateful to the Lord for allowing me to finish this work. The Book is some 2,500 pages of a journey with the Bible in the Christian path. CBR.1-3.v1. c. 570 pages. CBR.4.v2. c370 pages. CBR.5.v3.p1. c. 1020 pages. CBR.v3.p2. c. 550 pages. It has been 10 years in labor & production, 7 years in typing, 3 years on the Prophets alone. It consists of the Old Testament from Genesis to Malachi, it is organized in Five Chapters in Three Volumes or broken up into Five Volumes. Due to further health issues, I delay no longer to send out this rush edition. The last 2 Selections are not properly edited; the Chronology in the Period of Daniel to Christ is not yet finished; spelling & grammar is still to be done, along with the Table of Contents, Index, etc. It does not look like I will be able to do all these things, but I'll continue as best as I can. My original intentions is to have a 2 volume work on the entire Bible, Old & New Testaments, but as you see that did not happen. I make no apologies for my literary unconvential quirks. I never intended for the work to be for the market, but to be available in digital formats freely to all. The Summary at the end of the Book, at the end of the Minor Prophets, is intended to make the work understandable to the Bible Reader. I have not tried to produce a Commentary, there are many good ones available, better than I could do; nor a translation, which I am not qualified to attempt; but only share what my exploration of biblical hermeneutics has encountered as a Cobbler examining & repairing worn shoes of doctrines & practices. I use the 1611 AKJV, 1910 ASV, NASB, NET Bible, Bullinger's Companion Bible, Dake's Annotated Reference Bible, Hebrew Text, Greek Text, Latin Text, 1960 Spanish Reina-Valera, etc. The work itself is self-explanatory as it progresses; & the Text Analysis-Digest became more defined. If & when the work is properly finished, edited, & supplemented where necessary, at that time I will reissue the work again in the 3 formats of a rtf, docx, and pdf downloadable copies. Also links will soon be provided of where the work is publicly posted or archived. I pray the work might be of help to the readers, especially the Bible Students. -mjm, 2021.
- 03-02-21: Selections 6-9 (Pusey to Briggs) are now completely edited, Selection 10 is still not finished.
- 03-15-21: Selection 10 (Smith) is completed. What is last edit to finish & add is the Chronology that commenced the Minor Prophets; and the final Reflections on the entire Prophetical Books with conclusion of the Twelve Minor Prophets.
- 03-24-2021: The Reflections on the Prophetic Books & particularly of Daniel & the 12 Minor Prophets is now finished, thus completing the Book CBR, Christian Biblical Reflections of Genesis-Malachi of the Hebrew Old Testament. After perusing the Selections & Reflections of the 4 Major Prophetic Books, its apparent that the several Tables of Chronology together complete the projected full Chronology or Timeline from David to Messiah, so that I need not add more to what has been presented. Any other revisions or changes will be automatically made & place here & all the formats made to match.
- As to the New Testament I cannot say, and little hope to complete it; but what I have started is the Text Analysis & Digest with Annotations from Matthew to Revelation, without any promises or commitments. The Colors of the Text Fonts of Black, Red, Blue, Purple are used in the original formats & preserved in the PDFs to distinguish the Author, Divine Direct Words, Quotes or Citations or References. This also will be available in this location with the other works.
- April 2021. Text of Matthew’s Gospel is now completed. I will work through the Gospels & Acts, then Paul’s Epistles, the Catholic Epistles, & the Apocalypse or Revelation. Reflections & Selections will not be attempted till the Text is completed. Revisions or Additions made without notifications.
- August 2021. The Gospels of Mark, Luke, & John each were completed per month for 3 months. Acts is here completed & so completes Part I of the CBR of the Text Analysis & Digest.
- Unless requested directly, Paul’s Letters from Romans to Hebrews will not be offered in installments, but will be shared when all 14 Epistles are completed as Part II, which will take several months.
Christian Biblical Reflections. NewTestament. Continuation in Progress. 2021. Part I.
Christian Biblical Reflections. NewTestament. Continuation in Progress. 2021. Part I.
Book of the Gospel of John: Chapters 1-21.
In the beginning was the Word, the Word was with God, the Word was God. The Same was in the beginning with God. All things were made through Him; without Him was not anything made that was made. In Him was Life; the Life was the Light of men. The Light shines in the darkness; the darkness apprehended (comprehended, grasped, repress, limit, delimit, hold-down, etc.) not. (See Genesis 1.) There came a man, sent from God, whose name was John. The same came for witness (testimony), to witness (testify) of the Light, that all might believe through Him. He was not the Light, but came to witness of the Light. The True Light was, Which lights (lightens, enlightens) every man, coming into the world (Which coming into the world, lightens every man). He was in the world, the world was made through Him, the world knew Him not. He came to His own, His own received Him not (rejected Him). As many as received Him, to them gave He the right (power, authority) to become God’s children (sons), to them who believe on (in) His Name: who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh (carnal will), nor of the will of man (man’s will, human desire), but of God. The Word became Flesh, dwelt (tabernacled, lived) among us (we beheld (observed) His Glory, Glory as of the Only-begotten (Only-born, Monogenes, Only-kind) from the Father), full of Grace & Truth. John witnessed of Him, & cries, “This was He of Whom I said, He Who comes after me is become before me: He was before me.” From His Fulness (Pleroma, Plentitude) we received, grace for (over, against, on) grace. The Law was given through Moses; Grace & Truth came through Jesus Christ. No man has seen God at any time; the Only-begotten Son, Who is in the Bosom of the Father, He declared Him. (1:1-18) (Introduction with great significance & doctrines.)
This is the witness (testimony) of John, when the Jews sent to him from Jerusalem Priests & Levites to ask him, “Who are yu?” He confessed, denied not; “I am not the Christ.” They asked him, “What then? Are yu Elijah?” He says, “I am not.” “Are yu the Prophet?” He answered, “No.” They said, “Who are yu? we may answer to them who sent us. What say yu of yurself?” “I am the Voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the Lord’s Way,” as said the Prophet Isaiah.” They had been sent from the Pharisees. They asked him, “Why baptize yu, if yu are not the Christ, neither Elijah, neither the Prophet?” John answered, “I baptize in (with, by) water: among you stands One Whom you know not, Who comes after me, the latchet (strap, buckle) of whose sandal I am not worthy to unloose.” These things were done in Bethany beyond the Jordan (BethAny TransJordan, some 33 km or 19 mi east of Jerusalem, east of the Jordan River, few miles north of Dead Sea at the Jordan River), where John was baptizing. Next-day (1st)(In the morning) he sees Jesus coming to him, & says, “Behold, God’s Lamb, That takes-away the sin of the world! This is He of Whom I said, “After me comes a Man Who is before me:” He was before me. I knew Him not; but He should be made manifest to Israel, came I baptizing in water.” John testified, “I saw the Spirit descending as a Dove out of heaven; It rested on Him. I knew Him not: He Who sent me to baptize in water, said to me, “Whomever yu see the Spirit descending, & abiding on Him, the Same is He Who baptizes in the Holy Spirit.” I have seen, & testified this is God’s Son.
Again, next-day (2nd)(next morning), John was standing, with two of his disciples; he looked at (watched) Jesus as He walked, & says, “Behold, God’s Lamb!” Two disciples heard him speak, they followed Jesus. Jesus turned to them, saying, “What seek you?” They said to Him, “Rabbi (which is interpreted, Teacher), where abide Yu?” He says, “Come, see.” They came & saw where He stayed; they stayed with Him that day: it was about the 10th hour (few hours before sunset). One of the two who heard John speak, & followed Him, was Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother. He finds first his own brother Simon, says to him, “We found the Messiah (which is, being interpreted, Christ (Anointed)).” He brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked on him, & said, “Yu are Simon John’s son: yu shall be called Cephas (which is by interpretation, Peter (Petros, Petra, Rock)).” In the morn (3rd) He was minded to go forth to Galilee, He finds Philip: Jesus says to him, “Follow Me.” Philip was from Bethsaida (BethSaida, about 1/2 mile north of the Sea of Galilee, about 1/2 mile east of the Jordan River, some 80 miles from Jerusalem), of the city of Andrew & Peter. Philip finds Nathanael, says to him, “We found Him, of Whom Moses in the Law, & the Prophets wrote, Jesus of Nazareth, Joseph’s Son.” Nathanael said to him, “Can any good thing come out of Nazareth?” Philip says to him, “Come & see.” Jesus saw Nathaniel coming to Him, says of him, “Behold, an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile!” Nathanael says to him, “When know Yu me?” Jesus answered, “Before Philip called yu, when yu were under the fig tree, I saw yu.” Nathaniel replied, “Rabbi, Yu are God’s Son; Yu are Israel’s King.” Jesus responded, “Because I said to yu, I saw yu underneath the fig tree, yu believe? Yu shall see greater things than these.” He says to him, “Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to you, You shall see the heaven opened, God’s Angels ascending & descending on the Son of Man (Adam’s Son). (1:1-51) (The Disciples or Apostles here are: 1. Andrew. 2. Simon Peter. 3. Philip. 4. Nathanael (Bartholomew). 5.Unnamed John’s disciple.)
The 3rd day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; the mother of Jesus was there: Jesus also was invited, with His Disciples, to the marriage. When the wine failed, the mother of Jesus says to Him, “They have no wine.” Jesus says to her, “Woman, what have I to do with yu (what to Me & to yu)? Mine hour is not come.” His Mother says to the servants, “Whatever He says to you, do it.” There were 6 waterpots of stone set there after the Jews’ manner of purifying, containing 2 or 3 firkins (measures, Heb. bath, about 9 gallons; all 6 pots together would fill up a common bathtub of some 60 gallons) apiece. Jesus says to them, “Fill the waterpots with water.” And they filled them up to the brim. He says to them, “Draw out now, carry to the ruler (master, manager, architriklinos) of the feast.” They took it. When the ruler of the feast tasted the water become wine, knew not whence it was (but the servants that had drawn the water knew), the ruler of the feast calls the bridegroom, says to him, “Every man sets out first the good wine; when they have drunk freely, then what is worse: yu kept the good wine till now.” This beginning of His signs (miracles) did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, manifested His glory; His Disciples believed in Him.
After this He went down to Capernaum (some 15 miles north-east of Cana, west of Jordan River), He, His Mother, Brothers, & Disciples; there they stayed few days. The Jews’ Passover was near, Jesus went up to Jerusalem. He found in the Temple those that sold oxen, sheep, doves, & the money-changers of sitting: He made a scourge of cords, drove all out of the Temple, both the sheep & oxen; He poured out the changers’ money, overthrew their tables; to them that sold the doves He said, “Take these things hence; make not My Father’s House a House of Merchandise.” His Disciples remembered that it was written, “Zeal for Yur house shall eat Me up (consume Me).” The Jews said to Him, “What sign show Yu to us, seeing Yu do these things?” Jesus answered them, “Destroy this Temple, in 3 days I will raise it up.” The Jews said, “46 years was this Temple in building (40 yrs under Herod I, the Great, 6 yrs under his son, Herod Archelaus), will Yu raise it up (rebuild) in 3 days?” He spoke of the Temple of His Body. After He was resurrected, His Disciples remembered He spoke this; they believed the Scripture, & the Word Jesus said.
When He was in Jerusalem at the Passover, during the Feast, many believed on His Name, beholding His signs which He did. Jesus did not trust (entrust) Himself to them, for he knew all men, He needed not any one should bear witness concerning man; He knew (fully-knew, recognize) what was in man. (2:1-25)
There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a Ruler (i.e., Archon, Rabbi, Doctor) of the Jews: he came to Him by night, “Rabbi, we know Yu are a Teacher come from God; no one can do these signs (miracles) Yu do, except God be with Him.” Jesus answered, “Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to yu, Except one be born anew (again, re-born), he cannot see God’s Kingdom.” Nicodemus replied, “How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter a 2nd time into his mother’s womb to be born?” Jesus answered, “Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to yu, Except one be born of water & spirit (Spirit, no def. art. in Grk, i.e., spiritual, as water, John’s Baptism is natural.), he cannot enter God’s Kingdom! What is born of the flesh is flesh (i.e., natural, man, human, as is water); What is born of the Spirit (i.e., the Holy Spirit, God, Jesus’ Baptism) is spirit (i.e., spiritual, as opposed to natural). Wonder not I said, You must be born anew (again, re-born). The wind (pneuma, spirit) blows where it will, yu hear its voice (sound), but know not whence & whither: so is every one born of the Spirit (i.e., spiritual rebirth).” Nicodemus replied, “How so?” Jesus asked, “Are yu Israel’s Teacher, & not understand (know)? Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to yu, We speak what we know, & testify of what we have seen; & ye receive not (reject, refuse) our witness. (we & our, refers to John’s & Jesus’ testimony & teaching, the witness by words & deeds). If I told you earthly-things (earthly, natural) & you believe not, how shall you believe if I tell you heavenly-things (heavenly, spiritual)?” [This concludes the dialogue between Nic & Jesus. What follows is the inspired words of the Apostle John, author or writer of this Gospel.]
No one ascended to heaven, but He Who descended from heaven, the Son of Man (Adam’s Son), Who is in heaven. As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness (Numbers 21), even so must the Son of man be lifted up; that whoever believes may in Him have Eternal Life. God so loved the world, He gave His Only-begotten (-born, -birthed, -fathered) Son, that whoever believes on Him to not perish, but have Eternal Life. God sent not the Son to the world to judge the world; but the world to be saved through Him. He who believes in Him is not judged: he who believes not is judged already, because he has not believed on the Name of the Only-begotten Son of God (Only-begotten, God’s Son). This is the judgment, the Light is come to the world, men loved the darkness rather than the light; their works were evil. Every one who does evil hates the Light, comes not to the Light, lest his works be reproved (exposed, manifested). He who does the truth comes to the Light, that his works be manifested, that they have been wrought in God.
After these-things came Jesus with His Disciples to the Land of Judea; there He stayed & baptized. John was baptizing in Enon near to Salim, because there was much water there: they came, & were baptized. (Aenon & Salim are unknown; popularly it is east of the Jordan River, between Sea of Gallilee & Dead (Salt) Sea, with with several smaller wadis,rivers & brooks branching out & flowing into it with plenty water, as the Yarmuk, Jabbok, etc.) John was not yet cast into prison. There arose a questioning on the part of John’s disciples with a Jew about purifying (purification, cleansing, washing). They came to John, said to him, “Rabbi, He Who was with yu beyond the Jordan, to whom yu witnessed, the Same baptizes, all go to Him.” John replied, “A man can receive nothing, except it was given from heaven. Yourselves bear witness, that I said, I am not the Christ, but, I am sent before Him. He who has the bride (bride-woman, numphe) is the bridegroom (bride-man, groom, numphios): but the friend of the bridegroom, who stands & hears him, rejoiceth greatly because of the bridegroom’s voice: this fulfilled my joy full. He must increase, but I must decrease.” (Here ends the words & witness of John the Baptist. The words & witness which follow is of the Apostle John.)
He Who comes from Above (i.e., Heavenly) is above all: he who is of the earth is of earth (i.e., earthly, natural), of the earth he speaks: He Who comes from heaven is above all. What He has seen & heard, of that He testifies; no one receives His witness. He who received His testimony set his seal to this, God is true. He Whom God sent speaks God’s Words (Sayings): He gives not the Spirit by (out of, of, from, with) measure. The Father loves the Son, gave all things into (in, to) His Hand. He Who believes in (on, into) the Son has Eternal Life; he who obeys not (disbelieves, rejects, refuses, denies) the Son shall not see life, but God’s Wrath abides on him.” (3:1-36)
When the Lord knew the Pharisees heard: Jesus was making & baptizing more disciples than John, (Jesus Himself baptized not, rather His Disciples), He left Judea, & returned to Galilee (Galilee to Jerusalem or the Dead Sea is about 100 miles plus or minus.). He must pass through Samaria. He comes to a city of Samaria, called Sychar, near to the parcel of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph: (Sychar’s exact location is unknown; if at Shechem, “Shechem’s position is indicated in the Hebrew Bible: it lay north of Bethel & Shiloh, on the high road going from Jerusalem to the northern districts (Judges 21), at a short distance from Michmethath (Joshua 17) and of Dothain (Genesis 37); it was in the hill-country of Ephraim (Joshua 20 & 21; 1st Kings 12; 1st Chronicles 6 & 7), immediately below Mount Gerizim (Judges 9). These indications are substantiated by Josephus, who says that the city lay between Mount Ebal & Mount Gerizim, & by the Madaba Mosaic map, which places Sychem, also called Sikima, between the “Tour Gobel” (Ebal) & the “Tour Garizin” (Garizim). The site of Shechem in patristic sources is almost invariably identified with, or located close to, the town of Flavia Neapolis (Nablus) west bank of the Jordan River.) Jacob’s well was there. Jesus, wearied from His journey (some 50 miles so far), sat by the well. It was about the 6th hour (noon, mid-day; not night-time which is counted in watches of 3 hours).
A Samaritan woman comes to draw water: Jesus says to her, “Give Me to drink.” His Disciples went to the city to buy food. The Samaritan woman replied, “How is it Yu, a Jew, ask drink from me, a Samaritan woman?” (Jews have no dealings with Samaritans.) Jesus replied, “If yu knew God’s gift, Who it is Who says to yu, “Give Me to drink; yu would ask of Him, He would give yu Living Water.” The woman says, “Sir (Lord), Yu have nothing to draw with, the well is deep: whence have Yu Living Water? Are Yu greater than our Father Jacob, who gave us the well, & drank thereof himself, his sons, & cattle?” Jesus answered her, “Every one who drinks of this water shall thirst again: whoever drinks of the Water I shall give him shall not ever thirst; the Water I give him shall become in him a well of water springing up to (in, into, unto, for) Eternal (Everlasting) Life.” The woman says to Him, “Lord (Sir, Mr.), give me this water, that I thirst not, neither come all the way hither to draw.” Jesus says to her, “Go, call (get, bring) yur husband hither.” The woman answered, “I have no husband.” Jesus replied, “Yu said well, “I have no husband: yu had 5 husbands; whom yu now have is not yur husband: yu said true.” The woman responds, “Lord, (Sir), I perceive yu are a Prophet. Our fathers (i.e., Samaritans) worshipped in this mountain; you (i.e., Jews) say, that in Jerusalem is the place where to worship.” Jesus says to her, “Woman, believe Me, the hour comes, when neither in this mountain, nor in Jerusalem, shall you worship the Father. You worship What you know not: we worship What we know; Salvation is from the Jews. The hour now comes, the true worshippers shall worship the Father in Spirit & Truth: such the Father seek to be His Worshippers. God is Spirit: to worship Him must worship in Spirit & Truth.” The woman says, “I know Messiah comes (Who is called Christ): when He is come, He will declare to us all things.” Jesus says, “I Who speak to yu am He.”
On (at, upon) this came His Disciples; they marvelled He was speaking with a woman; no one said, “What seek Yu? or, Why speak with her?” The woman left her waterpot, returned to the city, says to the people, “Come, see a Man, Who told me what I ever did: can this be the Christ? They went out of the city, coming to Him. In the mean while the Disciples implored, “Rabbi, eat.” He replied, “I have meat (food, meal) to eat that you know not.” The Disciples said one to another, “Has any one brought Him anything to eat?” Jesus says to them, “My meat (food, meal) is to do the will of him that sent Me, to accomplish His work. Say not you, “Still 4-months till harvest?” I say to you, Lift up your eyes, look on the fields, they are white already to harvest. He who reaps receives wages, to gather fruit to life eternal; that he who sows & he who reaps may rejoice together. Herein is the saying true, “One sows, another reaps.” I sent you to reap what ye have not labored: others labored, you entered into their labor.” From that city many of the Samaritans believed on Him because of the word of the woman, who testified, “He told me all things I ever did.” When the Samaritans came to Him, they begged him to stay with them: He stayed there 2 days. Many more believed because of His word; they said to the woman, “We believe, not because of yur speaking: we heard for ourselves, & know This is indeed the Saviour of the world.”
After two days He went to Galilee. Jesus Himself testified, that a Prophet has no honor in his own country. When He came to Galilee, the Galilaeans received Him, having seen all things He did in Jerusalem at the Feast: they also went to the Feast. He came again to Cana of Galilee, where He made the water wine. A Nobleman there, whose son was sick at Capernaum (about 16 miles away, about a days walk). When he heard that Jesus was come out of Judaea into Galilee, he went to Him, & besought (urged) Him to come down, to heal his son; he was dying. Jesus said to him, “Except you see signs & wonders, you will by no means believe.” The Nobleman says to Him, “Lord, (Sir), come down before my child die.” Jesus says to him, “Go yur way; yur son lives.” The man believed the word Jesus spoke to him, & went his way. As he was going down, his servants met him, saying, his son lived. He inquired the hour he began to amend. They said, “Yesterday at the 7th hour (just pass noon or 1 p.m.) the fever left him.” The father knew that it was at that hour in which Jesus said to him, “Yur son lives:” himself believed with his whole house (household, family). This is again the 2nd sign that Jesus did, coming from Judaea to Galilee. (4:1-54)
After these things there was a Feast of the Jews; Jesus went up to Jerusalem. There is in Jerusalem by the Sheep Gate a Pool, which is called in Hebrew Bethesda, having 5 porches. In these lay a multitude of them who were sick, blind, halt, withered; a man was there, who had been 38 years in his infirmity. Jesus saw him lying, knew he had been a long time in that case (condition), He says to him, “Yu want (desire, wish, are willing) to be made whole?” The sick man answered Him, “Lord (Sir), I have no man, when the water is troubled (stirred), to put me in the Pool: while I am coming, another steps down before me.” Jesus says to him, “Arise, take up yur bed, walk.” Straightway the man was made whole, took up his bed & walked. It was the Sabbath day. The Jews said to the cured, “It is the Sabbath, it is not lawful for yu to carry yur bed (mat, roll). He answered them, He Who made me whole, said to me, “Take up yur bed, walk.” They asked him, “Who is the Man Who said to yu, “Carry yur bed, walk?” The healed knew not Who it was; Jesus conveyed Himself away, a multitude being in the place. Afterward Jesus finds him in the Temple, said to him, “Yu are healed: sin no more, lest a worse thing befall yu.” The man went away, told the Jews it was Jesus Who healed him. This cause the Jews persecuted Jesus, because He did these things on the Sabbath.
[Jesus] (He) responded, “My Father works til now, & I work.” The Jews sought the more to kill Him, He not only broke the Sabbath, but also called God His own Father, making Himself equal with God. Jesus answered, “Verily, verily (Amen, amen), I say to you, The Son can do nothing of (from, out of, by) Himself, what He sees the Father doing: what He does, these the Son does in like manner. The Father loves the Son, shows Him what He does: greater works than these will He show Him to amaze you. As the Father raises the dead & gives them life, so the Son gives life to whom He will. The Father judges no one, He gave all judgment to the Son; that all may honor the Son, as they honor the Father. He who honors not the Son honors not the Father Who sent Him. Verily, verily (Amen, amen), I say to you, He who hears My Word, believes Him Who sent Me, has eternal life, comes not to judgment, but has passed from death to life. Verily, verily (Amen, amen), I say to you, The hour now comes, the dead shall hear the Voice of God’s Son; they who hear shall live. As the Father has life in Himself, so gave He to the Son to have life in Himself: He gave Him authority to execute judgment, because He is Son of Man (Adam’s Son). Marvel: the hour comes, all in the tombs shall hear His Voice, shall come forth; they who did good, to the resurrection of life; they who did evil, to the resurrection of judgment. I can of Myself do nothing: as I hear, I judge: My Judgment is righteous; I seek not Mine own will, but the Will of Him Who sent Me. If I bear witness of Myself, My witness is not true. It is Another Who testifies of me; I know His testimony is true. You sent to John, he testified to the truth. The witness which I receive is not from man: I say these things, that you may be saved. He was the Lamp that burns & shines; you were willing to rejoice for a season in his light. The witness which I have is greater than that of John; the Works the Father gave Me to accomplish, the Works that I do, testify of me, the Father sent Me. The Father sent Me, He testified of Me. You have neither heard His Voice at any time, nor seen His Form (Shape, Person, Body, Face). You have not His Word abiding in you: for Whom He sent, you believe not. You search the Scriptures, you think in them you have eternal life; these are they which testify of me; you will not come to Me to have Life. I receive not glory from men. I know you, you have not God’s Love in yourselves. I came in My Father’s Name, you receive Me not: if another comes in his own name, ye will receive. How can ye believe, who receive glory one of another, the glory that comes from the Only God you seek not? Think not I will accuse you to the Father: there is one who accuses you, Moses, in whom you hope (trust, rely, have confidence). If you believed Moses, you would believe Me; he wrote of (about, concerning) Me. If you believe not his Writings (i.e., Law, Old Testament), how shall you believe My Words (i.e., Gospel, New Testament)? (5:1-4)
After this Jesus returned to the other side of the Sea of Galilee, which is the Sea of Tiberias. (Jerusalem to Sea of Galilee (Sea of Tiberias), Lake Kinnereth, Gennesaret) is less than 100 miles. The Sea or Lake is 13 miles long, 8 miles wide; shaped as a pear or teardrop or egg, wider in the north than in the south.) Many followed Him, because they beheld the signs (miracles) which He did on the sick. Jesus went up the mountain, there He sat with His Disciples. The Passover, the Jews’ Feast (Jewish Feast) was near. Jesus lifting His eyes, seeing a throng (thousands) coming to Him, says to Philip, “Whence buy we bread, that these may eat?” to test him: knowing what He would do. Philip answered, “200 shillings’ (denars; 1 denarius was a day’s wage) worth of bread is not sufficient for each to take a little.” One of His Disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, says “There is a lad (boy) here, with 5 barley loaves, & 2 fishes: what are these among so many?” Jesus, “Make the people sit down.” There was much grass in the place. So the men sat down, in number about 5,000. Jesus took the loaves; gave thanks, distributed to them that were seated; likewise the fishes as much as they wanted. When they were satisfied, He says to His Disciples, “Gather up the fragments remaining, that nothing be lost.” They gathered & filled 12 baskets with fragments leftover from the 5 barley loaves eaten. When the people saw the sign, they said, “This is of a truth the Prophet Who comes to the world.” (Feeding several thousands, seated by 50s of people, logistically would take several hours, the more who participated in the distribution the shorter the time. The crowd size requires about 2 square feet per person x 5,000 persons = 1/2 acre, 1 acre = 10,000 + people; equivalent to small stadium or ball park or field. A 1 acre lot will allow the loud or strong human voice to easily be heard end to end. 5,000 people in groups of 50 is 100 groups; every 500 people requires about 5,000 sq ft. A lot size of 200 ft x 200 ft = 40,000 sq ft, or about 1 acre; dimension of standard football field is in feet 360 x 160 = 57,600 sq ft.) Jesus perceiving they were about by force, to make Him King, withdrew again to the mountain alone.
At evening, His Disciples went down to the sea; entered a boat, went by sea to Capernaum (northern shores of Sea of Galilee west of the Jordan River). It was dark, Jesus came not yet to them. The sea was rising by reason of a great wind that blew. When they had rowed about 25 or 30 furlongs (stades; 1 furlong or stade is about 600 ft long; they were at over 3 miles), they watch Jesus walking on the sea, drawing near to the boat: they were afraid. He says, “It is I; be not afraid.” They received Him into the boat: straightway the boat landed whither they were going. In the morning the multitude that stood on the other side of the sea saw that there was no other boat there, save one, Jesus entered not with His Disciples in the boat, but His Disciples went alone (but there came boats from Tiberias near to the place they ate bread after the Lord gave thanks): when the multitude therefore saw that Jesus was not there, neither His Disciples, they themselves got into the boats, came to Capernaum, seeking Jesus.
When they found Him on the other side of the sea, they said to Him, “Rabbi, when came Yu hither?” Jesus replied, “Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to you, You seek Me, not because you saw signs, but ate of the loaves, & were filled. Work not for the food which perishes, but for the food which abides to Eternal Life, which the Son of Man gives to you: Him the Father, God, sealed.” They replied, “What must we do, to work God’s Works?” Jesus answered, “This is God’s Work, to believe in Him sent.” They said, “What sign do Yu, that we may see, & believe Yu? what work? Our fathers ate the manna in the wilderness; as it is written, “He gave them bread out of heaven to eat.”” Jesus said, “Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to you, Moses gave you not the bread from heaven; My Father gives you the True Bread from heaven. God’s Bread is What comes down from heaven, & gives Life to the world.” They to Him, “Lord, give us this bread always.” Jesus to them, “I am the Bread of Life: he who comes to me shall not hunger, he who believes on Me shall never thirst. I said to you, you have seen Me, & believe not. All who the Father gives Me comes to Me; him who comes to Me I will in no wise cast out. I am come down from heaven, not to do Mine own will, but the Will of Him Who sent Me. This is the Will of Him Who sent Me, for all He gave Me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up at the Last Day. This is the Will of my Father, every one who beholds the Son, believes in Him, to have Eternal Life; I will raise him up at the Last Day.”
The Jews murmured (mumbled) concerning Him, because He said, “I am the Bread which came down out of heaven.” They said, “Is not this Jesus, Joseph’s son, Whose Father & Mother we know? how does He say, “I am come down out of heaven?”” Jesus answered, “Murmur (Whisper) not among yourselves. No one can come to Me, except the Father who sent Me draw him: I will raise him up (resurrect him) in the Last Day. It is written in the Prophets, “They shall all be taught of God.” Every one that hath heard from the Father, & learned, comes to Me. No one has seen the Father, He Who is from God, He has seen the Father. Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to you, He who believes has Eternal Life. I am Life’s Bread. Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, & died. This is the Bread Which comes down out of heaven, that a one may eat thereof to not die. I am the Living Bread Which came down out of heaven: if any one eat of this Bread, he shall live for ever: the Bread which I will give is My Flesh, for the life of the world.”
The Jews strove (argued) one with another, “How can this One give us His Flesh to eat?” Jesus responded, “Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to you, Except you eat the Flesh of the Son of Man & drink His Blood, you have not Life in yourselves. He who eats My Flesh & drinks My Blood has Eternal Life: I will resurrect him in the Last Day. My Flesh is true Food, My Blood is true Drink. To eat My Flesh & drink My Blood abides in Me, & I in him. As the Living Father sent Me, I live because of (by, through) the Father; so he who eats Me, he (such) lives through (because of, by) Me. This is the Bread Which came down out of heaven: not as the Fathers ate, & died; he who eats this Bread shall live for ever.”
These things said He in the synagogue, as He taught in Capernaum. Many of His Disciples, when they heard, said, “This is a hard saying; who can hear it?” Jesus knowing in Himself His Disciples murmured (mumbled) at this, said, “Does this cause you to stumble (offend you, scandel)? What if you see the Son of Man ascending where He was before? It is the spirit that gives life; the flesh profits nothing: the Words I spoke are spirit & life. Some of you believe not.” Jesus knew from the beginning who they were who believed not, & who it was to betray Him. He said, “For this cause have I said to you, no one can come to Me, except it be given to him of the Father.” At this many of His Disciples went back, walked no more with Him. Jesus said to the Twelve, “Will you also go away?” Simon Peter answered, “Lord, to whom shall we go? Yu have the Words of Eternal Life. We believed & know Yu are the Holy One of God.” Jesus replied, “I choose you Twelve, but one of you is a devil?” He spoke of Judas the son of Simon Iscariot, he it was should betray Him (His soon to be betrayer), being one of the Twelve. (6:1-71)
After this Jesus walked in Galilee: He would not walk in Judaea, because the Jews sought to kill Him. The Jewish feast, the Feast of Tabernacles, was near. His Brothers said to Him, “Depart, go to Judaea, that Yur Disciples behold Yur works. No one does anything in secret, yet seeks to be known openly. If Yu do these things, manifest yurself to the world.” His Brothers did not believe in Him. Jesus to them, “My time is not come; your time is always ready. The world cannot hate you; Me it hates, because I testify that its works are evil. Go to the feast: I go not to this feast; My time is not fulfilled.” Having said this to them, He stayed in Galilee. When His Brothers were gone to the feast, went He also, not publicly, but as it were in secret. The Jews therefore sought Him at the feast, & said, “Where is He?” There was much chatter among the multitudes concerning Him: some said, “He is Good;” others said, “Not so, He leads the multitude astray.” Nobody spoke openly of Him for fear of the Jews.
When it was the midst of the feast Jesus went into the Temple, & taught. The Jews marvelled, “How knows this One letters (writings, books; Grk, grammars), having never learned?” Jesus answered them, “My Teaching (Doctrine) is not Mine, but His Who sent Me. If anyone wants to do His will, he shall know of the Teaching (Doctrine), if of God, or I speak from Myself. He who speaks from himself seeks his own glory: He Who seeks the Glory of His Sender, He is true, no unrighteousness is in Him. Did not Moses give you the Law (Torah), yet none of you keeps (obeys, does, observe, practice) the Law (Torah)? Why seek to kill Me?” The crowd answered, “Yu have a demon: who seeks to kill Yu?” Jesus to them, “I did one work, you all marvel because thereof. Moses gave you circumcision (not that it is of Moses, but of the fathers (see Gen. 17, Ex. 12, Lev. 12)); on the Sabbath you circumcise a man (male-child). If a man receives circumcision on the Sabbath, that Moses’ Law not be broken; are you enraged with Me, because I made a man every whit whole on the Sabbath? Judge not according to appearance, judge righteous judgment.” Some from Jerusalem said, “Is not this He Whom they seek to kill? Look, He speaks openly, they say nothing to Him. Do the rulers indeed know this is the Christ (Messiah)? Yet we know this One whence He is: when the Christ (Messiah) comes, no one knows whence He is.”
Jesus shouted in the Temple, teaching, “You know Me, & know whence I am; I am not come of Myself, He Who sent Me is true, Whom you know not. I know Him; I am from Him, He sent Me.” They sought to seize Him: and nobody laid his hand on Him, because His hour was not come. From the multitude many believed on Him; they said, “When the Christ (Messiah) shall come, will He do more signs than those which this One has done?” The Pharisees heard the multitude muttering concerning Him; the Chief Priests & Pharisees sent officers to arrest Him. Jesus said, “A little while am I with you, I go to My Sender. You shall seek Me, shall not find Me: where I am, you cannot come.” The Jews said among themselves, “Whither will this One go to not find Him? will He go to the Dispersion among the Greeks to teach the Greeks? What is this word, “Ye shall seek Me, shall not find Me; where I am, you cannot come?”
On the last day, the great day of the feast, Jesus stood exclaiming, “If any one thirst, let him come to me & drink. He who believes in Me, as the Scripture said (teaches), “from within Him (His Belly) shall flow rivers of living water.” (Isaiah, Psalms, etc.; passages in the O.T. which refers to God or Messiah, or the Spirit, yielding or giving rivers of living waters, as water from the Rock, as waters in the deserts, etc.) He spoke of the Spirit, which they who believed on Him were to receive: the Spirit was not-yet; because Jesus was not-yet glorified. Some of the multitude, when they heard, said, “This is of a truth the Prophet.” Others said, “This is the Christ (Messiah).” Some said, “What, does the Christ come out of Galilee? Has not the Scripture said the Christ comes of the David’s Seed, from Bethlehem, the village where David was?” There arose a division in the multitude because of Him. Some wanted to take Him; nobody laid hands on Him.
The officers therefore came to the Chief Priests & Pharisees; they asked, “Why did you not bring Him?” The officers answered, “Never man so spoke.” The Pharisees replied, “Are you also led astray? Has any of the Rulers believed in him, or of the Pharisees? This multitude that knows not the law are accursed.” Nicodemus says to them (he came to Him earlier, being one of them), “Does our Law judge a man, except it first hear from himself to know what he does?” They answered him, “Art yu also from Galilee? Search, no Prophet ever arises from Galilee.” [Each one returned home:] (7:1-53)
[“Jesus went to the Mount of Olives (Mount Olivet. Mountain Ridge. Wikipedia: “Mount Olivet is a mountain ridge east of & adjacent to Jerusalem’s Old City. It is named for the olive groves that once covered its slopes. The southern part of the mount was the Silwan Necropolis (Siloam Cemetery), attributed to the ancient Judean Kingdom. The mount has been used as a Jewish cemetery for over 3,000 years & holds approximately 150,000 graves, making it central in the tradition of Jewish cemeteries.” “The Silwan Necropolis is the most important cemetery in ancient Judea, & is assumed to have been used by the highest-ranking officials residing in Jerusalem. Its tombs were cut between the 9th & 7th centuries BCE. It is situated on the rocky eastern slope of the Kidron Valley, facing the oldest part of Jerusalem. Part of the Palestinian village of Silwan was later built atop the necropolis. Although the existence of ancient tombs in the village of Silwan had been known since the 19th century, the first careful survey was not performed until 1968. Charles Warren, who was thwarted in his efforts to carry out a full survey of the tombs, in some of which villagers were living, attributed this to “the hostile nature of the villagers” whom he described as “a lawless set.” All of the tombs were long since emptied & their contents removed. A great deal of destruction was done to the tombs over the centuries by quarrying & by their conversion for use as housing, both by monks in the Byzantine period, when they were used as monks’ cells & some even as churches, and later by Muslim villagers “When the Arab village was built; tombs were destroyed, incorporated in houses or turned into water cisterns & sewage dumps.” “Silwan is located southwest of the Old City Walls & constitutes part of the Jerusalem’s “Holy Basin”. The neighborhood has a narrow shape on a north-to-south axis. It is bounded by the “City of David” (Wadi Hilweh) & Abu Tor to the west & the Ras al-Amud neighborhood to east. Its southern tip touches the Jabel Mukaber neighborhood & its northern tip touches the Mount of Olives Jewish Cemetery. The neighborhood, originally a village, is built on the southern ridge of the Mount of Olives, where it slopes steeply from approximately 700–600 metres (2,300–2,000 ft) above sea level, until it reaches the Kidron Valley, bounding the neighborhood to the west. The historical core of the village is in its northwestern section, adjacent to the “City of David” across the valley, which is the site of ancient Jerusalem. This location is where dozens of ancient burial tombs attributed to the time of ancient Israel & Judah as well as the Byzantine rule were found. The modern villagers used the tombs as dwellings or as enclosers for livestock. Many of the burial tombs are inhabited until today. The village was built next to numerous water sources of historical importance, such as the Pool of Siloam (Ain Silwan), Gihon Spring and Ein Rogel. The rest of the village was built in the 19th century.”). Early in the morning He came again to the Temple, the people came to Him; He sat down, & taught them. The Scribes & Pharisees bring a woman taken in adultery; set her in the midst, they say to Him, “Teacher, this woman was taken in adultery, in the very act. Moses’ Law commanded us to stone such: what say Yu?” testing Him, to have something to accuse Him. Jesus stooped down, with His Finger wrote on the ground. When they continued asking Him, He lifted up Himself, said to them, “He who is without sin among you, let him first throw a stone at her.” Again He stooped down, with His Finger wrote on the ground. When they heard, went out one by one, beginning from the eldest, to the last: Jesus was left alone with the woman, in the midst. Jesus lifted up Himself, said to her, “Woman, where are they? did no one condemn yu?” She said, “Nobody, Lord (Sir).” Jesus said, “Neither do I condemn yu: go yur way; from henceforth sin no more.”]
Again Jesus spoke to them, “I am the Light of the world: He who follows Me shall not walk in the darkness, but shall have the Light of Life.” The Pharisees said unto Him, “Yu witness of Yurself; Yur testimony is not true (legal, valid).” Jesus answered them, “Even if I bear witness of Myself, My Witness is true; for I know whence I came, & whither I go; ye know not whence I come, or whither I go. You judge after the flesh; I judge nobody. If I judge, My Judgment is true; I am not alone, I & the Father Who sent Me. In your Law (Torah) it is written, “the witness of two men is true (legal, valid).” (Numb. 35, Deut. 17, 17) I am He Who testify of Myself, the Father Who sent Me testifies of Me.” They to Him, “Where is Yur Father?” Jesus answered, “You know neither Me, nor My Father: if you knew Me, you would know My Father also.” These words (sayings) spoke He in the Treasury, as He taught in the Temple: no one apprehended Him; because His hour was not yet come.”
He again said, “I return, you shall seek Me, & shall die in your sin: whither I go, you cannot come.” The Jews said, “Will He kill Himself, that He says, “Whither I go, you cannot come?”” He to them, “You are from beneath; I am from above: you are of this world; I am not of this world. I said to you, you shall die in your sins: except you believe I am (He, be, exist), you shall die in your sins.” They to Him, “Who are Yu?” Jesus said to them, “What I spoke to you from the beginning. I have many things to speak and to judge concerning you: He Who sent Me is true; what I heard from Him, I speak to the world.” They perceived not that He spoke to them of the Father. Jesus said, “When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then shall ye know that I am (He), I do nothing of Myself, as the Father taught Me, I speak these things. He Who sent Me is with Me; He has not left Me alone; I do always the things that are pleasing to Him.” As He spoke these things, many believed in Him.”
Jesus said to those Jews who believed Him, “If you abide in My Word, then are ye truly My Disciples; you shall know the truth, the truth shall make you free.” They answered Him, “We are Abraham’s seed, have never yet been in bondage to any one: how say Yu, “You shall be made free?”” Jesus answered them, “Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to you, The doer of sin is the slave of sin. The slave abides not in the house always: the son abides always. If the Son shall make you free, you shall be free indeed. I know that you are Abraham’s seed: you seek to kill Me, My Word has not free-course (room, freedom, liberty) in you. I do what I have seen with My Father: you do what you heard from your father.” They to Him, “Our father is Abraham.” Jesus to them, “If you were Abraham’s children, you would do the works of Abraham. You seek to kill Me, a Man Who told you the truth, which I heard from God: this did not Abraham. You do the works of your father.” They to Him, “We were not born of fornication; we have one Father, God.” Jesus to them, “If God were your Father, you would love Me: for I came forth & am come from God; neither have I come of Myself, He sent Me. Why do you not understand My speech? Because you cannot hear My Word. You are of your father the Devil, and the lusts of your father it is your will to do. He was a murderer from the beginning, stands (stays, abides, dwells, continues, remains) not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaks a lie, he speaks of his own: he is a liar, and the father thereof. Because I say the truth, ye believe Me not. Which of you convicts (exposes, proves, finds, shows, shames) Me of sin? If I say truth, why do you not believe Me? He who is of God hears God’s Words (Sayings): you hear them not, you are not of God.”
The Jews answered Him, “Say we not well that Yu are a Samaritan with a Demon?” Jesus replied, “I have no Demon; I honor My Father, you dishonor Me. I seek not My Glory: there is one Who seeks & judges. Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to you, If a man keep My Word, he shall never see death.” The Jews said to Him, “Now we Yu have a Demon. Abraham died, & the Prophets; Yu say, “If a one keep My Word, he shall never taste of death.” Are Yu greater than our father Abraham, who died? & the Prophets died: Whom make Yurself?” Jesus answered, “If I glorify Myself, My glory is nothing: it is My Father Who glorifies Me; of Whom you say, He is your God; you have not known Him: I know Him; if I say, I know Him not, I shall be like you, a liar: I know Him, & keep His Word. Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My Day; He saw it, & was glad.” The Jews replied, “Yu are not 50 years old, & have Yu seen Abraham?” Jesus said to them, “Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to you, Before Abraham was born (came to be, birthed), I am (exist, be, was).” They took up stones to throw at Him: Jesus hid, & left the Temple. (8:1-59) (As with the ending of Mark 16, here the beginning of John 8 has textual variants in the manuscripts. This is not the proper time or place to treat the textual criticism of these passages. If & when the Selections & Reflections are made it will be so treated.)
As He passed by, He saw a man blind from his birth. His Disciples asked, “Rabbi, who sinned, this man, or his parents, to be born blind?” Jesus answered, “Neither did this man sin, nor his parents: but that the works of God to be manifest in him. We must work the Works of Him Who sent Me, while it is day: the night comes, when no man can work. When I am in the world, I am the Light of the world.” When He thus spoke, He spat on the ground, made clay (mud) of the spittle, anointed his eyes with the clay (mud), & said to him, “Go, wash in the Pool of Siloam (which is by interpretation, Sent).” He went, washed, returned seeing. The neighbors & they who saw him aforetime, that he was a beggar, said, “Is not this he who sat & begged?” Others said, “It is he:” others said, “No, but he is like him.” He said, “I am he (as in other instances, I am (he), it is not to be interpreted as the “I Am” of Exodus 3).” They said to Him, “How then were yur eyes opened?” He answered, “The Man called Jesus made clay (mud), anointed mine eyes, said to me, “Go to Siloam, wash:” so I went & washed, & I received sight.” They said to him, “Where is He?” He says, “I know not.” They bring the once blind (i.e., blind beggar) to the Pharisees. It was the Sabbath day when Jesus made the clay (mud), & opened his eyes.
Again the Pharisees asked how he received his sight. He said, “He put clay (mud) on mine eyes, I washed, & I see.” Some of the Pharisees said, “This Man is not from God, because He keeps not the Sabbath.” Others said, “How can a Man that is a Sinner do such signs?” And there was a division among them. They say again to the blind, “What say Yu of Him, Who opened yur eyes?” He said, “He is a Prophet.” The Jews did not believe concerning him, that he had been blind, & received his sight, till they called his parents, & asked them, “Is this your son, say was born blind? How doth he now see?” His parents answered, “We know this is our son, he was born blind: how he now sees, we know not; or who opened his eyes, we know not: ask him; he is of age; he shall speak for himself.” These things said his parents, because they feared the Jews: the Jews had agreed already, if any man should confess (acknowledged) Him to be Christ (Messiah), he should be put out of the synagogue (ex-synagogued, excommunicated). So his parents said, “He is of age; ask him.”
They called a 2nd time the the blind, said to him, “Give glory to God: we know this Man is a Sinner.” He answered, “Whether He is a Sinner, I know not: one thing I know, whereas I was blind, now I see.” They said to him, “What did He to yu? How opened He yur eyes?” He answered, “I told you & you did not listen; why hear it again? You want to become His Disciples?” They reviled him, “Yu are His Disciple; we are Moses’ Disciples. We know God spoke to Moses: as for this Man, we know not whence He is.” The man, “Why, here is the marvel, ye know not whence He is, yet He opened mine eyes. We know God hears not sinners: if any one be a worshipper of God (God-fearer), & do His Will, him He hears. Since the world began (ages, for ever) it was never heard that any one opened the eyes of a one born blind. If this One were not from God, He could do nothing.” They responded, “Yu were born in sins, do yu teach us?” They cast him out. Jesus heard they cast him out; finding him, He asked, “Do yu believe in God’s Son?” He answered, “Who is He, Lord, that I may believe in Him?” Jesus said to him, “Yu have seen Him, He it is Who speaks with yu.” He said, “Lord, I believe.” He worshipped Him. Jesus said, “For judgment came I to this world, that they who see not may see; they who see may become blind.” Those of the Pharisees who were with Him heard these things, said to Him, “Are we also blind?” Jesus replied, “If you were blind, you would have no sin: but now you say, “We see:” your sin remains.” (9:1-41)
“Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to you, He who enters not by the door into the fold of the sheep, but climbs-up some other way, is a thief and a robber. He who enters in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. To him the porter opens; the sheep hear his voice: he calls his own sheep by name, & leads them out. When he has put forth all his own, he goes before them, the sheep follow him: for they know his voice. A stranger will they not follow, but will flee: they know not the voice of strangers.”
This parable spoke Jesus to them: they understood not what He spoke. Jesus said again, “Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to you, “I am the Door of the Sheep. All who came before Me are thieves & robbers: the Sheep did not hear (heed, obey) them. I am the Door; by Me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, shall go in & go out, & shall find pasture. The thief comes only to steal, kill, destroy: I came that they may have life, to have it abundantly. I am the Good Shepherd: the Good Shepherd lays down His Life for the Sheep. He who is a hireling, not a shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, watches the wolf coming, leaves the sheep, flees, the wolf snatches them, scatters them: he flees because he is a hireling, cares not for the sheep. I am the Good shepherd; and I know Mine own, Mine own know Me, as the Father knows Me, I know the Father; I lay down My Life for the Sheep. Other Sheep I have, which are not of this Fold: them also I must bring, they shall hear My Voice: they shall become one Flock, one Shepherd. Therefore does the Father love Me, because I lay down My Life, to take it again. No one takes it away from Me, I lay it down of Myself. I have power to lay it down, I have power to take it again. This commandment received I from My Father.” Again arose a division among the Jews because of these words. Many of them said, “He has a Demon, & is mad (insane, crazy); why hear Him?” Others said, “These are not the sayings of one demon-possessed. Can a demon open the eyes of the blind?”
It was the Feast of the Dedication at Jerusalem: (Hanukkah, Feast of the Maccabees, Festival of Lights, for 8 days in late November or December, our Christmas time) it was winter; Jesus was walking in the Temple in Solomon’s Porch. The Jews came round about Him, said to Him, “How long do Yu hold us in suspense? If Yu are the Christ (Messiah), tell us plainly.” Jesus answered, “I told you, you believe not: the Works that I do in My Father’s Name, bear witness of Me. You believe not, because you are not of My Sheep. My Sheep hear My Voice, I know them, they follow Me: I give to them Eternal Life; they shall never perish, no one shall snatch them out of My Hand. My Father, Who gave them to Me, is greater than all; no one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s Hand. I & the Father are One.” The Jews took up stones again to stone Him. Jesus responded, “Many good works have I showed you from the Father; for which of those works do you stone Me?” The Jews answered, “For a good work we stone Yu not, but for blasphemy; because Yu, being a Man, make Yurself God.” Jesus answered them, “Is it not written in your Law, “I said, you are gods?” If He called them gods, to whom God’s Word came (the Scripture cannot be broken), say you of Him, Whom the Father sanctified & sent to the world, “Thou blaspheme”; because I said, I am God’s Son? If I do not the Works of My Father, believe Me not. If I do them, though you believe not Me, believe the Works: to know & understand the Father is in Me, & I in the Father.” They sought again to take Him: He escaped from their hand. He returned beyond the Jordan to the place where John was at first baptizing; there He stayed. Many came to Him; they said, “John did no sign (miracle): all things John spoke of this Man were true.” Many believed on Him. (10:1-42)
Certain sick-man was Lazarus from Bethany, of the village of Mary & her sister Martha, (Mary who anointed the Lord with ointment, & wiped His Feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick). The sisters sent to Him, “Lord, He whom yu love is sick.” When Jesus heard, He said, “This sickness is not to death, but for God’s Glory, that God’s Son be glorified.” Jesus loved Martha, her sister, & Lazarus. When He heard he was sick, He stayed 2 days where He was. After this He says to the Disciples, “Let us go to Judaea again.” The Disciples say to Him, “Rabbi, the Jews were seeking to stone Yu; & Yu go thither again?” Jesus replied, “Are there not 12 hours in the day? If one walk in the day, he stumbles not, because he sees the light of this world. If one walk in the night, he stumbles, because the light is not in him.” These things spoke He: after this He says to them, “Our friend Lazarus is asleep; I go to awake him.” The Disciples responded, “Lord, if he is asleep, he will recover.” Jesus spoke of His death: but they thought He spoke of taking rest in sleep. Jesus said to them plainly, “Lazarus is dead. I am glad for your sakes that I was not there, to the intent you may believe; let us go to him.” Thomas, called Didymus, said to his fellow-disciples, “Let us also go, to die with Him.”
When Jesus came, He found he had been in the tomb 4 days already. (Decomposition takes 3-5, (or 24-72 hours not embalmed or wrapped,) days after death. 4 days may be some 50 hours or more; 1 or more hours on day 1 & 4, day 2 & 3 = 48 hrs.) Bethany was near to Jerusalem, about 15 furlongs off (less than 2 miles, 8 furlongs equals a mile); many of the Jews came to Martha & Mary, to console them concerning their brother. Martha, when she heard Jesus was coming, went & met Him: Mary still sat in the house. Martha said to Jesus, “Lord, if Yu had been here, my brother had not died. I know, what Yu ask of God, God will give Yu.” Jesus says to her, “Yur brother shall rise again.” Martha replied, “I know he shall rise again in the resurrection at the last day.” Jesus reponded, “I am the Resurrection, & the Life: he who believes in Me, though he die, he shall live; whoever lives & believes in Me shall never die. Yu believe this?” She says to Him, “Yes, Lord: I believed Yu are the Christ, God’s Son, He Who comes to (into) the world.” When she said this, she returned, called her sister Mary secretly, “The Teacher is here, & calls yu.” When she heard, arose quickly, went to Him. (Jesus was not come to the village, but was still in the place where Martha met Him.)
The Jews who were with her in the house, consoling her, they saw Mary, that she rose up quickly & went out, followed her, supposing she was going to the tomb to weep there. Mary came to where Jesus was, & saw Him, fell down at His Feet, “Lord, if Yu had been here, my brother had not died.” When Jesus saw her weeping, the Jews also weeping who came with her, He groaned in the spirit, was troubled, said, “Where have you laid him?” They say to Him, “Lord, come see.” Jesus wept.
The Jews said, “Behold how He loved him!” Some said, “Could not this One, Who opened the eyes of the blind, caused this one not to die?” Jesus therefore again groaning in Himself comes to the tomb. It was a cave, a stone lay against it. Jesus says, “Remove the stone.” Martha, the dead-one’s sister, says to Him, “Lord, by this time the body decays (decomposed); for he has been dead 4 days. Jesus replied, “Said I not, if yu believed, yu should see God’s Glory?” So they took away the stone. Jesus lifted up His Eyes, said, “Father, I thank Yu, Yu heard Me. I knew Yu hear Me always: because of the multitude who stands around I said it, that they may believe Yu did send Me.” When He thus spoke, He shouted with a loud voice, “Lazarus, come forth!” The dead-one came forth, bound hand & foot with grave-clothes; and his face was bound about with a napkin. Jesus says to them, “Loose (Unwrap) him, let him go.” Many of the Jews, who came to Mary watched what He did, believed on Him. Some of them returned (went-away) to the Pharisees, told them what Jesus had done.
The Chief Priests & Pharisees gathered (synagogued) a Council (Sanhedrin), said, “What do we? for this Man does many signs. If we let Him alone (ignore Him), all will believe in Him: the Romans will come take away both our place & nation.” One of them, Caiaphas, being High Priest that year, said to them, “Ye know nothing at all, nor take account it is expedient one Man should die for the people, & that the whole nation perish not. This he said not of himself: being High Priest that year, He prophesied Jesus should die for the nation; not for the nation only, but to gather together into one God’s children scattered abroad.” From that day forth they took counsel that they might put Him to death. Jesus walked no more openly among the Jews, departed thence to the country near to the wilderness, to a city (town, village) called Ephraim; there He stayed with the Disciples.
The Jews’ Passover was near: many went up to Jerusalem out of the country before the Passover, to purify themselves. They sought Jesus, spoke one with another, as they stood in the Temple, “What think you? That He will not come to the Feast?” The Chief Priests & Pharisees gave commandment, if any one knew where He was, he should show it, that they might arrest Him. (11:1-57)
Jesus 6 days before the Passover came to Bethany, where Lazarus was, whom Jesus raised from the dead. They prepared Him a supper: Martha served; Lazarus was one of them who sat to eat with Him. Mary took a pound (litra, libra, Roman measure about 12 ounces pound, coin & weight; e.g., 3 cubes of butter in weight instead of 4 cubes) of ointment of pure nard (Himalayan spikenard, valuable, rare, costly, & very fragrant, mixed with oils & ointments), very precious, & anointed Jesus’ Feet, wiped His Feet with her hair: the house was filled with the odor of the ointment. Judas Iscariot, one of His Disciples, who should betray Him, says, “Why was not this ointment sold for 300 shillings (denars, about a year salary), & given to the poor?” This he said, not because he cared for the poor; but he was a thief, having the bag pilfered (took out, stole) what was put therein. Jesus said, “Permit her to keep it against the day of My burying. The poor you have always with you; but Me you have not always.” The common people of the Jews learned that He was there: they came, not for Jesus’ sake only, but to see Lazarus, whom He had raised from the dead. The Chief Priests took-counsel (deliberated) that they might put Lazarus also to death; because of him many of the Jews went away (returned), & believed in Jesus. In the morn a great multitude came to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, took the branches of the palm trees, went forth to meet Him, & cried out, “Hosanna: Blessed is He Who comes in the Lord’s Name, Israel’s King.” Jesus, found a young donkey, sat thereon; as it is written, “Fear not, Zion’s Daughter: Yur King comes, sitting on a donkey’s colt.” These things understood not His Disciples at the first: when Jesus was glorified, they remembered what was written of Him, that they did these things to Him. The multitude that was with Him when He called Lazarus out of the tomb, & raised him from the dead, testified. For this the multitude went & met Him, they heard that He had done this sign (miracle).
The Pharisees said among themselves, “You prevail (accomplish) nothing: the world is gone after Him.” There were certain Greeks among those who went up to worship at the feast: these came to Philip, who was of Bethsaida of Galilee, asked Him, saying, “Sir (Mr, Lord), we want to see Jesus.” Philip comes tells Andrew: Andrew comes, with Philip, they tell Jesus. Jesus answers them, “The hour is come, that the Son of Man should be glorified. Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to you, Except a grain of wheat fall into the earth & die, it abides by itself alone; if it die, it bears much fruit. He who loves his life loses it; he who hates his life in this world shall keep it to Life Eternal. If any one serve Me, let him follow Me; where I am, there shall My servant be: if any one serve Me, him will the Father honor. Now is My Soul troubled; what shall I say? Father, save Me from this hour. For this cause came I to this hour. Father, glorify Yur Name.” There came a Voice out of heaven, saying, “I have glorified it, & will glorify it again.” The multitude, that stood by, heard it, said it thundered: others said, “An Angel has spoken to Him.” Jesus answered, “This Voice came not for My sake, but for your sakes. Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out. I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all to Myself.” This He said, signifying by what manner of death He should die. The multitude answered Him, “We have heard out of the Law the Christ abides for ever: how say Yu, “The Son of Man must be lifted up?” Who is this Son of Man?” Jesus said to them, “A little while is the Light among you. Walk while ye have the Light, that darkness overtake you not: he who walks in the darkness knows not whither he goes. While you have the Light, believe in the Light, that you may become Sons of Light.” These things spoke Jesus, & he departed & hid from them.
Though He did many signs before them, they believed not in Him: that the word of the Prophet Isaiah be fulfilled, which he spoke, “Lord, Who believed our report? To whom has the Lord’s Arm been revealed?” For this they could not believe, Isaiah said again, “He blinded their eyes, & hardened their heart; Lest they should see with their eyes, perceive with their heart, should turn, & I should heal them.” These things said Isaiah, because he saw His Glory; & he spoke of Him. Even of the rulers many believed in Him; but because of the Pharisees they did not confess it, lest they should be put out of the synagogue: for they loved the glory that is of men more than the glory that is of God. Jesus cried, “He who believes in Me, believes not in Me, but in Him Who sent Me. He who beholds Me beholds Him Who sent Me. I am come a Light in the world, that whoever believes in Me may not abide in the darkness. If any one hear My Sayings, keep them not, I judge him not: for I came not to judge the world, but to save the world. He who rejects me, receives not My Sayings, has one that judges him: the Word that I spake, the same shall judge him in the last day. I spoke not from Myself; but the Father Who sent Me, He gave Me a Commandment, what I should say, & what I should speak. I know that His Commandment is Life Eternal. What I speak, as the Father said to Me, so I speak. (12:1-50)
Before the Feast of the Passover, Jesus knowing His Hour was come to depart out of this world to His Father, having loved His Own that were in the world, He loved them to the end. During supper, the Devil having already put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s, to betray Him, Jesus, knowing the Father gave all the things in His Hands, that He came forth from God, & goes to God, rises from supper, lays aside His Garments; He took a towel, girded Himself. He pours water into the basin, began to wash the Disciples’ feet, to wipe them with the towel wherewith He was girded. He comes to Simon Peter. He says to Him, “Lord, do Yu wash my feet?” Jesus answered, “What I do yu know not now; yu shall understand hereafter.” Peter replied, “Yu shall never wash my feet.” Jesus answered, “If I wash yu not, yu have no part with Me.” Simon Peter says to Him, “Lord, not my feet only, but my hands & my head.” Jesus says to him, “He who is bathed needs not only to wash his feet, but is clean entirely: you are clean, but not all.” He knew who should betray Him; so said He, “You are not all clean.”
When He had washed their feet, taken His Garments, sat down again, He said to them, “Know you what I have done to you? You call Me, Teacher, & Lord: you say well; for so I am. If I then, the Lord & Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another’s feet. I gave you an example, that you should do as I have done to you. Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to you, A servant is not greater than his Lord; neither sent-one greater than his sender. If you know these things, blessed are you if you do them. I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen: that the Scripture may be fulfilled: “He who eats My Bread lifted up his heel against Me.” Henceforth I tell you before happens, that, when it happens, you believe I am-He (Me, its Me). Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to you, he who receives whoever I send receives Me; he who receives Me receives Him Who sent Me.”
This said, Jesus was troubled (disturbed, shaken) in the spirit, & testified, “Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to you, one of you shall betray Me.” The Disciples looked one on another, doubting of whom He spoke. There was at the table reclining (leaning) on Jesus’ Bosom (chest) one of His Disciples, whom Jesus loved. Simon Peter beckons to him, “Tell us of whom He speaks.” He leaning back on Jesus’ breast, asks Him, “Lord, who is it?” Jesus answers, “He to whom I dip & give the sop.” When He dipped the sop, He takes & gives it to Judas Iscariot, Simon’s. After the sop, entered Satan in him. Jesus says to him, “What yu do, do quickly.” Nobody at the table knew what intent (reason, cause, communication, reference ) He spoke this to him. Some thought, because Judas had the bag, Jesus told him, “Buy what we need for the feast;” or, to “give something to the poor.” He received the sop, went out: it was night.
When he was gone out, Jesus says, “Now is the Son of Man glorified, God is glorified in Him; God shall glorify Him in Himself, straightway shall He glorify Him. Little children, yet a little while I am with you. You shall seek Me: as I said to the Jews, “Whither I go, you cannot come;” so now I say to you. A New Commandment I give to you, to love one another; even as I have loved you, ye also love one another. By this shall all men know you are My Disciples, if you love one to another.” Simon Peter says, “Lord, whither go Yu?” Jesus answered, “Whither I go, Yu cannot follow now; yu shall follow afterwards.” Peter says, “Lord, why cannot I follow Yu now? I will lay down my life for Yu.” Jesus replied, “Will yu lay down yur life for Me? Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to yu, The rooster shall not crow, till yu have denied Me thrice.” (13:1-38)
“Let not your heart be troubled: believe in God, & believe in Me. In My Father’s house are many mansions (rooms, stations, places); if it were not so, I would have told you; I go to prepare a place for you. If I go to prepare a place for you, I come again to receive you to Myself; where I am, you may be. Whither I go, you know the way.” Thomas says to Him, “Lord, we know not whither Yu go; how know we the way?” Jesus says to him, “I am the Way, the Truth, the Life: no one comes to the Father, but by Me. If you knew Me, you knew My Father: henceforth you know Him, & seen Him.” Philip says to Him, “Lord, show us the Father, & it suffices (satisfies, sufficient to, enough to) us.” Jesus replied, “Have I been so long time with you, & do yu not know Me, Philip? he who has seen Me has seen the Father; how say yu, “Show us the Father?” Believe yu not that I am in the Father, the Father in Me? the Words I say to you I speak not from Myself: the Father abiding in Me does His Works. Believe Me I am in the Father, the Father in Me: or else believe Me for the Works’ sake. Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to you, he who believes on Me, the Works I do shall he do; greater Works shall he do; because I go to the Father. What you ask in My Name, I will do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son. If you ask anything in My Name, I will do. If you love Me, you will keep My commandments. I will ask the Father to give you another Comforter, to be with you for ever, the Spirit of Truth: Whom the world cannot receive; for it sees Him not, neither knows Him: you know Him; He abides with you, & shall be in you. I will not leave you desolate (orphans): I come to you. Yet a little while, the world beholds Me no more; but you see Me: because I live, you shall live. In that day you shall know I am in My Father, you in Me, I in you. He who has My Commandments, & keeps them, he it is who loves Me: he loves Me shall be loved of My Father, & I will love him, will manifest Myself to him.”
Judas (not Iscariot) says to Him, “Lord, what is to happen that Yu manifest Yurself to us, & not to the world?” Jesus answered, “If a man love Me, he will keep My Word: My Father will love him, We will come to him, to make Our abode with him (The plural pronoun “We” & “Our” are first used in this way here in the Gospels. See also John 17.). He who loves Me not keeps not My Words: the Word which you hear is not Mine, but the Father’s Who sent Me. These things I spoke to you, while abiding with you. The Comforter, the Holy Spirit, Whom the Father will send in My Name, He shall teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said unto you. Peace I leave with you; My Peace I give to you: not as the world gives, give I to you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be fearful. You heard I said to you, I go away, & I return you. If you loved Me, you would have rejoiced, because I go to the Father: the Father is greater than I. I have told you before it happens, when it is happens, you may believe. I will no more speak much with you, the Prince of the world comes: he hath nothing in Me; that the world may know I love the Father, as the Father gave Me Commandment, so I do. Arise, let us go hence.” (14:1-31)
“I am the True Vine, My Father is the Husbandman (Vineyarder, Farmer). Every branch on Me that bears not fruit, He takes it away (removes, cuts off): every branch that bears fruit, he cleanseth (prunes, trims) it to bear more fruit. Already ye are clean (healthy) because of the Word I spoke to you. Abide in Me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide on the vine; so neither can you, except you abide in Me. I am the Vine, you are the Branches: He that abides in Me, & I in him, bears much fruit: for apart from Me you can do nothing. If one abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, is withered; they gather them, cast them into the fire, they are burned. If you remain in Me, & My Words (Sayings) remain in you, ask whatever you will, it shall be done to you. Herein is My Father glorified, that you bear much fruit to be My Disciples. As the Father loved Me, I loved you: abide in My Love. If you keep My Commandments, you shall abide in My Love; as I kept My Father’s Commandments to abide in His Love. These things I spoke to you, that my joy may be in you, that your joy may be made full. This is My Commandment, to love one another, as I have loved you. Greater love has no one than this, to lay down his life (his soul) for his friends (loved-ones). Ye are My friends (loved-ones), if you do what I command you. No longer do I call you servants; for the servant knows not what his lord does: but I have called you friends; for all things that I heard from My Father, I made known to you. You did not choose Me, but I chose you, & appointed you, to go & bear fruit, that your fruit should abide: that whatever you shall ask of the Father in My Name, He may give it you. These things I command you, to love one another.”
“If the world hates you, know it hated Me before it hated you. If you were of the world, the world would love its own: because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, the world hates you. Remember the Word that I said to you, “A servant is not greater than his Lord.” If they persecuted Me, they will also persecute you; if they kept My Word, they will keep yours also. But all these things will they do to you for My Name’s sake, because they know not Him Who sent Me. If I had not come & spoke to them, they have not sin: but now they have no excuse for their sin. He who hates Me hates My Father also. If I had not done among them the Works which none other did, they have not sin: now have they seen & hated Me & My Father. This happens, that the Word may be fulfilled that is written in their Law, “They hated Me without a cause.” When the Comforter (Helper, Advocate, Companion, Paraclete) is come, Whom I will send to you from the Father, the Spirit of Truth (Truth’s Spirit), Which proceedes from the Father, He shall bear witness (testify) of Me: you also testify, because you have been with Me from the beginning (i.e., from the beginning of His Public Ministry & John’s Baptism).“ (15:1-27)
“These things I spoke to you, to not stumble you (offend you, scandalize you). They shall dissynagogue you (ex-synagogue you, disfellowship you, excommunicate you): the hour comes, that whoever kills you shall think that he offers service to God. These things will they do, because they have not known the Father, nor Me. These things I spoke to you, that when their hour is come, you remember them, that I told you. These things I said not to you from the beginning, because I was with you. Now I go to Him Who sent Me; none of you asks Me, Whither go Yu? Because I have spoken these things to you, sorrow filled your heart. I tell you the Truth: It is expedient for you that I go away; if I go not away, the Comforter will not come to you; but if I return, I will send Him to you. When He comes, will convict the world in concerning Sin, Righteousness, Judgment: concerning Sin, because they believe not in Me; concerning Righteousness, because I go to the Father, & you behold Me no more; concerning Judgment, because the Prince of this world is judged. I have many things to say to you, you cannot bear them now. When the Spirit of Truth comes, He shall guide you into all the Truth: for He shall not speak from Himself; what He hears He speaks: He shall declare to you the things to come. He shall glorify Me: He shall take of mine, declare it to you. All things the Father has are mine: therefore said I, He takes of Mine, & declare it to you. A little while, you behold Me no more; again a little while, you shall see Me.”
Some of His Disciples said one to another, “What is this He says, “A little while, you behold Me not; again a little while, you shall see Me:” and, “Because I go to the Father?” They said, He says, “A little while?” We know not what He means.” Jesus perceived that they were desirous to ask Him, “Do ye inquire among yourselves that I said, “A little while, you behold Me not, a little while you shall see Me?” Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to you, you shall weep & lament, the world shall rejoice: you shall be sorrowful, your sorrow shall be turned to joy. A woman when she is in travail (labor, delivery, contractions) has sorrow, because her hour is come: when she delivers the child, she remembers no more the anguish, for the joy that a man (i.e., child, human) is born into the world. You now have sorrow: but I will see you again, your heart shall rejoice, your joy no one takes away from you. In that day you shall ask Me no question. Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to you, if ye shall ask anything of the Father, He will give it you in My Name. Hitherto have ye asked nothing in My Name: ask, & you shall receive, that your joy may be made full. These things have I spoke to you in dark sayings: the hour comes, when I shall no more speak to you in dark sayings, but shall tell you plainly of the Father. In that day you shall ask in My Name: I say not to you, I will ask the Father for you; for the Father Himself loves you, because you loved Me, & believed that I came forth from the Father. I came out from the Father, & came into the world: again, I leave the world, & go to the Father.” His Disciples say, “Now Yu speak plainly, & no riddle (proverb, dark-saying, enigma). Now know we Yu know all things, & need not any one should ask Yu: by this we believe Yu came forth from God.” Jesus replied, “Do you now believe? Behold, the hour now comes, you shall be scattered, every one to his own, & leave Me alone: I am not alone, because the Father is with Me. These things I spoke to you, that in Me you may have peace. In the world you have tribulation: be of good-cheer; I have overcome the world.” (16:1-33)
These things spoke Jesus; lifting up His Eyes to heaven, He said, “Father, the hour is come; glorify Yur Son, that the Son may glorify Yu: as Yu gave Him authority (power) over all flesh, to all whom Yu gave Him, He should give Eternal Life. This is Life Eternal, to know Yu the only true God, & Him Whom Yu sent, (Jesus Christ). I glorified Yu on earth, having accomplished the Work which Yu gave Me to do. Father, glorify Me with Yur own Self with the Glory I had with Yu before the world was. I manifested Yur Name to the men whom Yu gave Me out of the world: Yurs they were, Yu gave them to me; they have kept Yur Word. They know all things Yu gave Me are from Yu: for the Words which Yu gave Me I gave to them; they received them, knew of a truth that I came forth from Yu, they believed Yu sent Me. I pray for them: I pray not for the world, but for those whom Yu gave Me; for they are Yurs: all things that are Mine are Yurs, Yurs are Mine: I am glorified in them.”
“I am no more in the world, these are in the world, I come to Yu. Holy Father, keep them in Yur Name which Yu gave Me, they may be one, as We are (note the plural here & below of the Persons of the Father & the Son). While I was with them, I kept them in Yur Name which Yu gave Me: I guarded them, not one of them perished, but the Son of Perdition; that the Scripture might be fulfilled. I come to Yu; these things I speak in the world, that they may have My Joy made full in themselves. I gave them Yur Word; the world hated them, because they are not of the world, as I am not of the world. I pray not to take them from the world, but to keep them from the Evil-One. They are not of the world even as I am not of the world. Sanctify them in the Truth: Yur Word is Truth. As Yu sent Me into the world, even so sent I them into the world. For their sakes I sanctify Myself, that they may be sanctified in truth.”
“Neither for these only do I pray, but for them also that believe in Me through their word; that they may all be one; as Yu, Father, are in Me, & I in Yu, they also may be in Us: that the world may believe Yu sent Me. The Glory which Yu gave Me I gave to them to be one, as We are One; I in them, Yu in Me, to be perfected into One; that the world may know that Yu sent Me, & loved them, as Yu loved Me. Father, I desire those whom Yu gave Me be with Me where I am, to behold My Glory, which Yu gave Me: for Yu loved Me before the foundation of the world. Righteous Father, the world knew Yu not, I knew Yu; these knew Yu sent Me; I made known to them Yur Name, & will make it known; that the love wherewith Yu loved Me may be in them, & I in them.” (17:1-26)
When Jesus spoke these words, He went forth with His Disciples over the Brook Kidron (2nd Sam. 15, Ez. 11, 43, Zech. 14) (Today Hebrew University sits atop Mount Scopus, the Olivet is immediately east of Temple Mount, & Mount of Scandal (where Solomon built houses for his pagan wives) lies to the south; Jerusalem in plain site from Kidron & Olivet.), where was a garden (Garden of Gethsemane is a at the foot of the Mount of Olives outside Jerusalem with small groves of olive trees.), which He entered with His Disciples. Judas, His Betrayer, knew the place: for Jesus oft-times resorted thither with His Disciples. Judas then, having received the band of soldiers, & officers from the Chief Priests & Pharisees, comes thither with lanterns, torches & weapons. Jesus, knowing all the things coming on Him, went forth, says to them, “Whom seek you?” They answered, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus says, “I am He”. His Betrayer Judas standing with them. When He said, “I am He”, they went backward, & fell to the ground. Again He asked, “Whom seek you?” They replied, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus answered, “I told you that I am He; if you seek Me, let these go their way:” that the Word might be fulfilled which He spoke, “Of those whom Yu gave Me I lost not one.” Simon Peter having a sword drew it, struck the High Priest’s servant, & cut off his right ear. The servant’s name was Malchus. Jesus said to Peter, “Put up the sword into the sheath: the cup which the Father has given Me, shall I not drink it?”
So the band, the chief captain, & officers of the Jews, seized Jesus & bound Him, led Him to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, who was High Priest that year. Caiaphas gave counsel to the Jews, that “it was expedient that one man should die for the people.” Simon Peter followed Jesus, with another Disciple, who was known to the High Priest, & entered in with Jesus into the court of the High Priest; Peter stood at the door outside. So the other Disciple, known to the High Priest (Therefore this Disciple would be a primary witness to the Trial & Sentence of Jesus.), went out & spoke to her whot watched the door, & brought in Peter. The maid who guarded the door says to Peter, “Are yu one of this Man’s Disciples?” He says, “I am not.” (1st) The servants and the officers were standing there, having made a fire of coals; for it was cold; and they were warming themselves: Peter was with them, standing & warming himself. The High Priest asked Jesus of His Disciples, & of His Teaching (Doctrine). Jesus answered him, “I spoke openly to the world; I always taught in synagogues, & in the Temple, where the Jews come together; in secret spoke I nothing. Why ask Me? Ask them who heard Me, what I spoke to them: these know the things which I said.” When He said this, one of the officers standing by struck Jesus with His hand, saying, “Answer yu the High Priest so?” Jesus responded, “If I spoke evil, testify of the evil: if well, why strike Me?” Annas sent Him bound to Caiaphas the High Priest. Simon Peter was standing & warming himself. They said therefore to him, “Are yu one of His Disciples?” He denied, & said, “I am not.” (2nd) One of the servants of the High Priest, being a relative of him whose ear Peter cut off, says, “Did not I see yu in the garden with Him?” Peter denied again (3rd): straightway the rooster crowed.
They lead Jesus from Caiaphas to the Praetorium: and it was early; they themselves entered not into the Praetorium (i.e., guard-station), that they might not be defiled, but might eat the Passover. (Evening of the Passover = sunset to midnight, 6 to 12 PM. Ceremonial uncleanness held for several days up to a month.) Pilate went out, & says, “What accusation bring you against this Man?” They replied, “If this One were not an Evildoer, we should not have delivered Him up to yu.” Pilate replied, “Take Him, judge Him according to your Law.” The Jews said to him, “It is not lawful for us to put any man to death:” (i.e., at Passover time in Jewish Law, or by Roman Law the death penalty, especially crucifixion) that the Word of Jesus might be fulfilled, which He spoke, signifying by what manner of death He should die. Pilate again entered the Praetorium, called Jesus, said to Him, “Are Yu the King of the Jews?” Jesus answered, “Say this from yurself, or did others say concerning Me?” Pilate answered, “Am I a Jew? Yur own nation & the Chief Priests delivered Yu to me: what have Yu done?” Jesus answered, “My Kingdom is not of this world: if My Kingdom were of this world, then would My servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: My Kingdom is not from hence.” Pilate said to Him, “Are Yu a King?” Jesus answered, “Yu say I am King. For this I was born, for this I came to the world, to testify to the Truth. Anyone of the truth hears My Voice.” Pilate replied, “What is truth?” After he said this, he went out again to the Jews, says to them, I find no crime in Him. You have a custom (i.e., so they had no power to execute under Roman rule), that I should release to you one at the Passover: you want I release to you the King of the Jews?” They cried out therefore again, “Not this One, but Barabbas (Bar-Abbas, Father’s-Son).“ (Barabbas was a robber.) (18:1-40)
Pilate took Jesus, & scourged (whipped, flogged, emasticated) Him. The soldiers platted a crown of thorns, put it on His Head, arrayed Him in a purple garment; they came to Him, “Hail, King of the Jews!” & struck Him with their hands. Pilate went out again, “Behold, I bring Him out to you, know that I find no crime in Him.” Jesus came out, wearing the Crown of Thorns & the Purple Garment. Pilate says to them, “Behold, the Man!” (Latin = Ecce Homo) When the Chief Priests & officers saw Him, they shouted, “Crucify Him, crucify Him!” (Crucifixion on a cross or stake or post or tree was a Roman capital punishment or death penalty against Roman rule or law.) Pilate says, “Take Him yourselves, crucify Him: for I find no crime in Him.” (i.e., granting them permission to execute Him by Jewish hands without Roman interference) Jews answered him, “By our Law He must die, because He made Himself God’s Son.” When Pilate heard, he was more afraid; he entered into the Praetorium again, says to Jesus, “Whence are Yu?” Jesus gave him no answer. Pilate says to Him, “Speak Yu not to me? Know Yu not I have power (authority) to release Yu, & to crucify Yu?” Jesus replied, “Yu have no power (authority) against Me, except it were given Yu from above: he who delivered Me to yu has greater sin.” At this Pilate sought to release Him: the Jews cried out, “If yu release this One, yu are not Caesar’s friend: everyone who makes himself a King speaks-against (denounces, renounces) Caesar.” When Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out, sat down on the Judgment-Seat (Bema, Bench, Chair) at a place called The Pavement, but in Hebrew, Gabbatha (Greek = Lithostros, Stone-pavement). It was the Preparation of the Passover (Passover-Eve or day before Passover, from sunset to sunset.): it was about the 6th hour (midday, noon, 12 pm). He says to the Jews, “Behold, your King!” They shouted, “Away with Him, away with Him, crucify Him!” Pilate says, “Shall I crucify your King?” The Chief Priests answered, “We have no King but Caesar.” He delivered Him to them to be crucified.
They took Jesus, He went out, bearing the cross for Himself, to the place called Place of a Skull (Skull Place, Cranial Place), which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha: they crucified Him, with Him two others, on either side one, Jesus in the middle. Pilate wrote a title also, & put it on the cross. Written: “JESUS OF NAZARETH (the Nazarene), KING OF THE JEWS (Jews’ King).“ This title read by many of the Jews, the place where Jesus was crucified was near to the city; and it was written in Hebrew, in Latin, & in Greek. Chief Priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Write not, “Jews’ King;” but He said, “I am the Jews’ King.”” Pilate answered, “What I have written I have written.”
The soldiers when they crucified Jesus, took His Garments & made four parts, to every soldier a part; also the coat: the coat was seamless, woven from the top throughout. They said, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: to fulfill the scripture which says, “They parted My Garments among them, on My Vesture they cast lots.” These things the soldiers did. There were standing by the Cross of Jesus His Mother, His Mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, & Mary Magdalene. When Jesus saw His Mother, & the Disciple whom He loved standing-by (near-by), He says to His Mother, “Woman, behold yur son!” Then to the Disciple, “Behold, yur mother!” From that hour the Disciple took her to his own home (The Disciple whom Jesus loved is the Apostle John, of the youngest of the Apostles.). After this Jesus, knowing all things are finished, that the Scripture might be accomplished, says, “I thirst.” There was a vessel full of vinegar (sour-wine): they put a sponge full of the vinegar on hyssop (i.e., as sedative & medicine), & brought it to His Mouth. When Jesus had received (tasted) the vinegar (sour-wine), He said, “It is finished:” (here throughout it is teleō as in telos & not ginomai as in genesis) He bowed His Head, gave up His Spirit (exspired, stopped-breathing).
The Jews therefore, because it was the Preparation, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for the day of that Sabbath was a high (great) day ), asked of Pilate their legs be broken, to be taken away. The soldiers came, broke the legs of the 1st, & of the 2nd who was crucified with Him: when they came to Jesus, saw He was dead already, they brake not His Legs: one of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side, straightway there came out Blood & Water. He who saw testified, his witness is true: he knows he says true, that you may believe. For these things happened, to fulfill Scripture, “His Bone shall not be broken.” Another Scripture says, “They shall look on Him Whom they pierced.” After these things Joseph of Arimathaea, being a Disciple of Jesus, secretly for fear of the Jews, asked of Pilate to remove Jesus’ Body: Pilate gave him permission. He came & removed His Body. Nicodemus also came, who at the beginning came to Him by night, bringing a mixture of myrrh & aloes, about a hundred pounds (litras, whence our liter, Roman pound = to 3/4th English pound; some 75 pounds). So they took Jesus’ Body, bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as the custom of the Jews is to bury. In the place where He was crucified there was a garden; in the garden a new Tomb wherein no one ever laid. Because of the Jews’ Preparation they laid Jesus (for the Tomb was near by). (19:1-42)
The 1st day of the week (i.e., after Sabbath, Saturday, Sunday morning before sunrise) comes Mary Magdalene early, while it was dark, to the Tomb, sees the stone taken away from the Tomb. She runs to Simon Peter, & to the other Disciple whom Jesus loved, says to them, “They have taken away the Lord out of the Tomb, we know not where they have laid Him.” Peter went forth, with the other Disciple, they went toward the Tomb. They ran together: the other Disciple outran Peter, came first to the Tomb; stooping & looking in, he sees the linen cloths lying; but entered not. Simon Peter comes, following him, entered the Tomb; sees the linen cloths lying, & the napkin, that was on His Head, not lying with the linen cloths, but rolled up in a place by itself. Then entered the other Disciple, who came first to the Tomb, he saw, & believed. Still they knew not the Scripture, ‘He must rise from the dead.’ The Disciples returned to their own home. Mary was standing outside the Tomb weeping: she wept, she stooped & looked into the Tomb; she sees 2 Angels in white sitting, one at the head, one at the feet, where Jesus’ Body laid. They say to her, “Woman, why weep yu?” She says, “They have taken away my Lord, I know not where they laid Him.” When she said this, she turned around, sees Jesus standing, knew not that it was Jesus. Jesus says to her, “Woman, why weep yu? whom seek yu?” She, supposing Him to be the gardener, says to Him, “Sir (Lord), if Yu moved Him hence, tell me where yu laid Him, I will take Him away.” Jesus says to her, “Mary”. She turns, says to Him in Hebrew (Aramaic-Hebrew), “Rabboni”; which is to say, Teacher.” Jesus says, “Touch Me not; I am not ascended to the Father: go to My Brothers, say to them, I ascend to My Father & your Father, My God & your God.” Mary Magdalene comes, tells the Disciples, “I have seen the Lord;” & He said these things to her.
It was evening, the 1st day of the week (Sunday before sundown which commences the beginning of the next day or the 2nd day, Monday.), the doors were shut where the Disciples were, in fear of the Jews, Jesus came & stood in the midst, says to them, “Peace be to you.” After He said this, He showed to them His Hands & His Side. The Disciples were glad, when they saw the Lord. Jesus said again, “Peace be to you: as the Father sent Me, so send I you.” When He said this, he breathed on them, says to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit: whose sins you forgive (release), they are forgiven them; whose sins you retain (keep), they are retained.” Thomas, one of the Twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came. The other Disciples said to him, “We have seen the Lord”. He replied, “Except I shall see in His Hands the print (mark, scar) of the nails, & put my hand into His Side, I will not believe.” After 8 days His Disciples were inside, Thomas with them. Jesus comes, the doors being shut, stood in the midst, & said, “Peace be to you.” He says to Thomas, “Reach hither yur finger, see My Hands; reach hither yur Hand, put it into My Side: be not faithless, but believing.” Thomas responded, “My Lord & My God.” Jesus replied, “Because yu see Me, yu believed: blessed are they who have not seen, & believed.” (Many other signs did Jesus in the presence of the Disciples, which are not written in this Book: these are written, that you may believe Jesus is the Christ, God’s Son; believing you may have Life in His Name.) (20:1-31)
After these things Jesus manifested Himself again to the Disciples at the Sea of Tiberias (Sea of Galilee, Lake Tiberias); He appeared in this way. There was together Simon Peter, Thomas Didymus, Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, & two other of His disciples. Simon Peter says to them, “I go fishing.” They say, “We come with yu.” They went forth, entered the boat; that night they caught nothing. When day was breaking, Jesus stood on the beach: the Disciples knew not it was Jesus. Jesus says to them, “Children, have you anything to eat?” They answered, “No.” He said to them, “Cast the net on the right side of the boat, & you shall find.” They cast, they were not able to draw it for the multitude of fishes. That Disciple therefore whom Jesus loved says to Peter, “It is the Lord.” When Simon Peter heard it was the Lord, he girt his coat about him (for he was naked), and cast himself into the sea. The other Disciples came in the little boat (for they were not far from the land, but about 200 cubits off (c. 300 ft. or 10 yards, about the playing field of a standard football field)), dragging the net full of fishes. When they got out on the land, they see a fire of coals there, fish laid thereon, & bread. Jesus says to them, “Bring of the fish which you caught.” Simon Peter went up, drew the net to land, full of great fishes, 153: there were so many, yet the net was not rent. Jesus says to them, “Come, break your fast.” None of the Disciples dared inquire, “Who are Yu?” knowing it was the Lord. Jesus comes, takes the bread, gives them, the fish likewise.
This is the 3rd time Jesus appeared to the Disciples, after He rose from the dead (Resurrection). When they broke fast, Jesus says to Simon Peter, “Simon, of John, love yu Me more than these?” He says to Him, “Yes, Lord; yu know I love yu.” He says to him, “Feed My Lambs.” He says to him again a 2nd time, Simon, of John, love yu Me? He says to Him, “Yes, Lord; yu know I love Yu.” He says to him, “Tend (shepherd, watch, care for) My Sheep.” He says to him the 3rd time, “Simon, of John, love yu Me?” Peter was grieved because he said to him the 3rd time, “Love (Like, here phileō, philos, the 1st, 2nd time was agapaō, agapē) yu Me?” He said to Him, “Lord, Yu know all things; Yu know I love Yu.” Jesus says to him, “Feed My Sheep. Verily, verily, (Amen, amen,) I say to yu, When yu were young, yu girded (dressed) yurself, walked whither yu wanted: when old, yu shall stretch-forth (extend) yur hands, another shall gird yu, carry yu whither yu want not.” This He spoke, signifying by what death he should glorify God. After He spoke this, He says to him, “Follow Me.” Peter, turning about, sees the Disciple whom Jesus loved following; who also leaned back on his breast at the supper, & said, “Lord, who is Yur Betrayer?” Peter says to Jesus, “Lord, what shall this man do?” Jesus says to him, “If I will (desire, want, wish) that he wait till I return, what is that to yu? Follow Me.” This saying went forth among the Brothers, that disciple should not die: Jesus said not to him, he should not die; but, “If I want that he wait till I return, what is that to yu?” (This is the Disciple who testifies of these things, & wrote these things: we know that his witness is true. There are also many other things which Jesus did, which if they should be all written, I suppose that the world would not contain the books that could be written.) (21:1-25)