(Here are pages 298-342 of CBR 16, 1st & 2nd Kings. Several personal family matters (but God is good and merciful!) has delayed my installments of the Reflections of the Historical Books from Kings to Esther. The PDF will also be linked installment CBR 17 of these Books. I’ve tried to correct obvious errors and mistakes but will have wait as time goes by to catch the others. I note for the reader that in the PDF version the small additions and revisions I make without notice. mjm.)
KINGS: I and II. (22 & 25 Chapters)
1st KINGS: 22 Chapters: King David’s Death & King Solomon & the Lord’s Temple to Death of King Jehoshaphat of Judah (Southern Kingdom: Jerusalem) and Death King Ahab of Israel (Northern Kingdom: Samaria). The Prophet Elijah.
Now King David was old and ill, and was cold despite blankets; his servants requested that a young virgin be found for the King, to stand before him, to cherish him, and to lay in his bosom, to warm the King. They searched thru all the borders of Israel and found Abishag the Shunamite, and brought her to the King. The damsel was beautiful; she cherished the King, and ministered to him; sexually he knew her not.
Now Adonijah ben-Haggith exalted himself to be made King; he prepared chariots and riders, and 50 front runners. David, his father, had never displeased him negatively; and he was handsome, and born after Absalom. He conspired with Joab ben-Zeruiah and the Priest Abiathar to usurp the throne; but Zadok the Priest, and Benaiah ben-Jehoiada, and Nathan the Prophet, and Shemei, Rei, and David’s mighty men were not with Adonijah. He slaughtered sheep and oxen and fatlings by the Stone of Zoheleth beside En-rogel; he invited his brothers the King’s sons, with all the men of Judah the King’s servants; but he did not invite Nathan the Prophet, Benaiah, the mighty men, or Solomon his brother. Nathan asked Bath-sheba, Solomon’s mother, if she heard that Adonijah reigns, but David knows not. He counseled her to save her life and Solomon’s life, by going to King David and reminding him that he swore to her that Solomon will succeed to his throne; and while relating that, I will appear to confirm thy words. She went to the King’s room, and Abishag was ministering to him; she bowed, and he asked what she wanted; she recalled to the King his oath to her by the Lord God that Solomon will accede to the throne; but instead Adonijah reigns without thy knowledge; and he offers sacrifices, inviting the King’s sons, Abiathar, and Joab; and he did not invite Solomon. All Israel is awaiting my Lord the King to announce who shall sit on his throne; for after the King dies and laid to rest, I and my son Solomon shall be regarded as offenders. Then Nathan the Prophet came, and David was notified, and he reported to the King just as Bathsheba had related, and that the people say, Adonijah lives! Then David ordered that they bring Bathsheba to him; and as she stood in his presence King David said: as the Lord lives, Who delivered my soul from all adversity, as I swore by the Lord, the God of Israel, that Solomon shall reign after me, so I will do it today! Bathsheba bowed and said, may my Lord King David live forever. Then he called for the Priest Zadok, the Prophet Nathan, and Benaiah ben-Jehoiada; and they came before the King; and he said: take some of my servants and cause Solomon to ride on my mule, and bring him to Gihon; there let Zadok and Nathan anoint him King over Israel, and to blow the trumpet, and proclaim: King Solomon lives! Then follow him till he is seated upon my throne as King in my place, as I have appointed him Prince over Israel and over Judah. Benaiah answered, Amen! the Lord, the God of my lord the King, be so with Solomon, to make his Throne greater the Throne of my lord King David. So Zadok, Nathan, Benaiah, with the Cherethites and Pelethites, went and caused Solomon to ride on King David’s mules to Gihon; and the Priest Zadok took the oil out of the Tent and anointed Solomon; and the trumpets sounded, and the people shouted: King Solomon lives! The people followed with playing pipes and rejoicements, and the earth resounded with the celebrations. Adonijah and his people heard the excitement after they had eaten; and Joab asked why the celebration of trumpets in the city; and the Priest Jonathan appeared, and Adonijah asked: thou art a good man with good news: but he answered our lord King David has inaugurated Solomon King, with the help of Zadok, Nathan, Benaiah, and the Cherethites and Pelethites, to ride on the King’s mules, and anointed him King in Gihon; this is the sound of the celebrations ye heard; and Solomon sits on the Throne of the Kingdom; with the blessings of the King’s servants that God make Solomon’s Name greater than David’s, and his Throne a greater Throne; and the King bowed on his bed. And the King said: Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, Who has seated one on my Throne in my presence. Adonijah and his guests were afraid of Solomon; and he went and took hold of the Horns of the Altar; and Solomon was informed that Adonijah in fear has taken hold of the Horns of the Altar demanding that King Solomon sware that he will not put him to death; Solomon replied that if he was a worthy man, not a single hair of his head will fall, but if wicked, he shall die; so he sent for him, and he came and bowed to King Solomon; and he told him to go home.
In David’s final days as death was inevitable, he encouraged his son Solomon to be a strong man, to obey the Lord God, to walk in His ways, keep His statutes, commandments, ordinances, and testimonies, which are written in the Law of Moses; that thou may prosper in all thy works and ways. May the Lord establish His word of promise to me, that if thy children watch their ways, walk in truth before Me with all their heart and soul, there will never lack man to sit on the Throne of Israel. 1st, remember what Joab did to me, in killing two generals of the armies of Israel, Abner and Amasa, shedding war blood in peace time, with his girdle and shoes; therefore in thy wisdom do not let his grey head enter sheol (hell, grave, death) in peace. 2nd, be kind to the sons of Barzillai the Gileadite to eat at thy table; for he accompanied me in my flight from thy brother Absalom. 3rd, Shimei ben Gera a Benjamite of Bahurim grievously cursed me on my way to Mahanaim; but then on my return he met me at Jordan, and I swore to him by the Lord I would not put him to death; he is guilty deserving death, thou art a wise man; so bring his gray head to sheol (hell, grave, death) with blood. Thus David died and was buried in the City of David; he reigned 40 years over Israel: 7 years in Hebron and 33 years in Jerusalem.
Solomon sat on the Throne of David his father, and His Kingdom was established greatly: 1st, Adonijah ben-Haggith came to Bathsheba; she asked if he came in peace; he said, yes; he said he came to make a request; she asked, what; he said that the Kingdom was mine, and Israel expected me to rule; but the Lord gave it my brother; so my petition is that thou may ask King Solomon to give me Abishag the Shunamite to marry; she said: I will ask the King. She went to King Solomon, who rose to meet her, and bowed to her, then sat on his throne; and he had a throne set for the King’s mother to sit at his right. She told him she has a petition that she wish not to be denied; he said ask, I will not deny thee; let Abishag the Shunammite be given to Adonijah thy brother in marriage; the King answered his mother: why ask only for her for him, why not ask for the Kingdom to be his and Abiathar’s and Joab’s, since he is my older brother. He swore: God punish me more, if Adonijah has not asked this against his own life! As the Lord lives, Who has established me on the Throne of my father David, and made a House for me as promised; Adonijah will die today! So Solomon sent Benaiah, who put him to death. 2nd, Abiathar the Priest the King told to return to his fields in Anathoth; for though he deserved to die, he will spare him for now because he carried the Ark of the Lord Jehovah before my father David, and shared in all his afflictions. Thus Solomon ejected him from the Priesthood to fulfill the Lord’s word concerning the House of Eli in Shiloh. 3rd, Joab heard these reports, for he had conspired with Adonijah, but not with Absalom; so he fled to the Tent of the Lord, and held to the Horns of the Altar. King Solomon was told, and he sent Benaiah to go strike him; so he came to the Lord’s Tent and demanded Joab to come out by the King’s order; but he replied that he chooses to die here; Benaiah related it to the King, who replied that he should do as he ask; then bury him; thus remove the blood shed by Joab from my father’s house; thus the Lord will return his blood on his own head, who killed two righteous and better men (generals Abner and Amasa) than himself, without my father’s consent, their blood be on Joab’s head and on his seed forever; but peace be on David, his seed, his house, and his throne forever. Benaiah went and killed him, and he was buried in his own house in the desert. The King put Benaiah in his place as General over the army; Zadok (ben-Ahitub, abi-Ahimaaz & abi-Azariah & abi-Shallum) replaced Abiathar. Then he called for Shimei and commanded him to build a house in Jerusalem and to stay there and not to leave it to go elsewhere, for on that day he would surely die (dying die); thy blood is on thy head; he answered the King it was a good word, I will obey. So he stayed in Jerusalem many days; then about 3 years later two of his servants ran off to King Achish ben-Maacah of Gath; and they told Shimei his servants were in Gath; so he saddled his donkey and retrieved his servants; it was told to Solomon; the King called Shimei, and said: did I not adjure thee by the Lord that never to travel out of Jerusalem because thou wilt die; and thou saidst the word is good; why then did thou not keep the Lord’s oath and my commandment? yu know all the wickedness of yur clever heart, as yu did to David my father; now the Lord turns yur wickedness on yur head; but King Solomon shall be blessed, and David’s Throne shall ever be established before the Lord. The King commanded Benaiah to strike him to death; and the Kingdom was then established in the hands of Solomon.
Solomon in affinity (alliance, treaty) with Pharaoh, King of Egypt, married Pharaoh’s daughter, and brought her to the City of David till he completed the building of his own house (palace), the House (Temple) of the Lord, and the wall around Jerusalem. The people still sacrificed in the High-Places, for no House was yet built to the Lord’s Name. Solomon loved the Lord, walking in David’s statues; but he still sacrificed and burnt incense in the High-Places. He went to Gibeon to sacrifice at the Great High-Place: 1,000 burnt-offerings he offered on that Altar. In Gibeon the Lord appeared to him in a dream at night, and God said: ask what I should give yu; and he answered: Yu’v shown my father David great lovingkindness because he walked before Yu in truth, righteousness, and uprightness of heart; and now this kindness to give him a son to sit on his Throne; now, O Lord my God, Yuv made Yur servant King in place of David, though I am only a boy; not knowing how to go out or come in; Yur servant is among Yur chosen people, great and innumerable; so give Yur servant an understanding heart to judge Yur people, that I may discern between good and evil: for who is able to judge Yur great people? The Lord was pleased that Solomon asked for understanding to discern justice; and God said to him, because yu have asked this, instead of long life, or riches, or the life of yur enemies; therefore I have given yu and understanding heart; so that none has ever before been like yu, nor will ever arise one like yu; and I have also given to yu riches and honor, that no King will be like yu during yur lifetime; and if yu walk in My ways, to keep My statutes and commandments, as yur father David, I will also lengthen yur days. Then Solomon awoke from his dream; then came to Jerusalem, and stood before the Lord’s Ark of Covenant, and offered burnt-offerings and peace-offerings, with a feast for all his servants.
Now 2 women, whores, came before the King: one said that they both shared a house together, they both birthed at the same time alone; on the 3rd day after birthing, the other woman’s child died, because she slept on it; she then took my child, and placed her dead child in my bosom; but when I awoke it clearly was not my baby that I gave birth; then the other woman replied, no, the living is my child, but the dead baby is yurs. The King perplexed at the two women, ordered a sword to be brought and to take the baby and divide it in two, then give each woman a half; then the true mother begged the King, from her compassion for her baby, my lord, let her have the child, do not kill it; but the other woman said, no, let it be divided, neither hers or mine. The King ordered the child to be given the other woman, do not kill it, because she is the mother. Thus all Israel heard of King’s judgment, and feared because of God’s wisdom in him for justice.
King Solomon over all Israel: his Princes were: the Priest Azariah ben-Zadok; the Scribes Elihoreph and Ahijah, sons of Shisha; the Recorder Jehoshaphat ben-Ahilud; the Army General Benaiah ben-Jehoiada; the Priests Zadok and Abiathar; the Captain of Officers Azariah ben-Nathan; the Chief Minister and King’s Friend Zabud ben-Nathan; the Chief of Domestics Ahishar; and the Chief of Labor Adoniram ben-Abda. He had 12 Officers of Israel for Food Provisions for the King’s Household, one for each month in the year: 1st, Ben-hur of the Hills of Ephraim; 2nd, Ben-deker in Makas, Shaalbim, Beth-shemesh, and Elon-beth-hanan; 3rd, Ben-hesed in Arubboth of Socoh and the land of Hepher; 4th, Ben-abinadab in Dor’s Height, married to Solomon’s daughter; 5th, Baana ben-Ahilud in Taanach and Megiddo, Beth-shean near Zarethan below Jezreel, from Beth-shean to Abel-meholah to and beyond Jokmeam; 6th, Ben-geber in Ramoth-gilead with the towns of Jair ben-Manasseh, with the region of Argob in Bashan having 60 great walls and brazen bars; 7th, Ahinadab ben-Iddo in Mahanaim; 8th, Ahimaaz in Naptali, also married to Solomon’s daughter Basemath; 9th, Baana ben-Hushai in Asher and Bealoth; 10th, Jehoshaphat ben-Paruah in Issachar; 11th, Shimei ben-Ela in Benjamin; and 12th, Geber ben-Uri was sole officer in the Land of Gilead, the country of Sihon the King of the Amorites, and Og the King of Bashan. Thus Judah and Israel were innumerable feasting joyously; and Solomon extended rule over all the Kingdoms from the River to the Land of the Philistines (by the Sea), to Egypt’s border: they all paid tribute and served Solomon while he lived; and his provisions for a single day was 30 measures of fine flour, 60 measures of meal, 10 fat oxen, 20 oxen in pastures (for milk), 100 sheep, besides harts, gazelles, roebucks, and fatted fowls. His dominion extended over all the country and Kings on westside of the River, from Tiphsah to Gaza: ruling in peace; and every man in Judah and Israel dwelling safely, from Dan to Beersheba in his reign. He had 40,000 (or 4,000) stalls of horses for chariots, and 12,000 horsemen. The 12 monthly officers provided food for the King and his court at his table in every detail; and barley and straw for the horses, along with swift steeds handled by men.
God gave Solomon surpassing wisdom and understanding, with largeness of heart as sands of the seashore; he excelled the wisdom of the children of the east (the Easterners), and of Egypt; wiser than all, than Ethan the Ezrahite, or Heman, Chalcol, Darda, or the sons of Mahol; and his fame spread far and wide to the nations. He spoke 3,000 proverbs, and 1,005 songs: speaking of trees, as the cedars of Lebanon to the hyssop of the wall; and of beasts, birds, reptiles, and fishes. The peoples and kings of the earth visited on hearing of his wisdom.
Now King Hiram of Tyre sent his servants to Solomon after he heard that Solomon was anointed King in David’s place; for he was a lover (friend) of David. Solomon replied to Hiram: Yu know David my father could not build a House to the Lord God due to the wars on every side, till He subdued them. Now He has given me rest and peace without adversary or disturbance. So I intend to construct a House to the Lord God’s Name, as He spoke to my father David. Therefore command that yur servants cut cedar trees of Lebanon, along with my servants; and I will pay for yur servants as yu suggest: for none of us are skilled to cut timber like the Sidonians. Hiram rejoiced at this request, saying: the Lord be blessed for giving to David such a wise son over such a great people. He replied that he would fill the order for trees of cedar and fir; my servants will transport them to the sea, then on rafts float them down to the appointed port, then unloaded for yu to transport inland; in turn yu will pay as I may desire, and provide for my household. So Hiram supplied all the timber as Solomon needed; and he gave him 20,000 measures of wheat for food to his household, and 20 measures of pure oil annually. So the Lord gave wisdom to Solomon, and also peace between them both, and they made a league together. Solomon levied a labor force from Israel of some 30,000 men; he sent them by increments of 10,000 per month, then returned home for 2 months before going back to Lebanon for a month; and Adoniram was overseer of the labor force. Solomon had 70,000 that carried cargo, and 80,000 hewers or miners in the mountains; besides his chief officers over the work, he had 3,300 foremen or supervisors. As he commanded they mined for great and costly stones, and to lay the foundation of the House; which the builders of Solomon and Hiram and the Gebalites fashioned, and prepared the timber and the stones for the House.
In the 480th year after the Exodus, in Solomon’s 4th year of reign, in the 2nd month, Ziv, he began the construction of the Lord’s House: its length was 60 cubits (c.90-100′), by width 20 cubits (c.30-35′), by height 30cbt (c.40-50′). The Porch before the Temple of the House: 20cbt (c30+’) in length, same as the width, and 10cbt (c.15′) in breadth at front entrance. The Windows of fixed lattice-work; opposite the Walls he built Stories around it, for the House and the Oracle; with Side Chambers around; the Lower Story (1st Floor, Level 1) of 5cbt (c.7-8′) wide; 2nd Level (Story, Floor) was 6cbt (c.12′) wide; 3rd Floor (Level, Story) was 7cbt (c.10-11′); the Outside of the House had Offsets around with Hold in the Walls of the House. The House construction was with Stones quarried and finished, so no hammer or axe or iron tool was heard in the building. The Door of the Middle Side Chambers were at the Right Side, Winding Stairs in the Mid-Level to the Top-Level. The House was built and finished, and covered with Beams and Planks of Cedar. Then the Lord’s word came to Solomon, saying: this House yu are building, if yu walk in My statutes, execute My ordinances, and perform My commandments, then will I establish My word as spoken to yur father David; and I will dwell with the Israelites, and not forsake My people Israel. So Solomon completed the construction of the House: the Walls inside the House were of Cedar Boards; from the Floor to the Walls of the Ceiling inside with Wood, Fir Wood Floors; 20cbt (c.30′) in the backside of the House of Cedar Boards from the Floor to the Ceiling Walls, for it (the Holy Place) and the Oracle, the Most Holy Place; the House or Temple in front of the it (the Holiest) was 40cbt (c.60+’); inside the House was Cedar carved with Knops and Open Flowers; all was of Cedar, nothing visible of stone; the Oracle in the midst of the House for the Ark of the Lord’s Covenant; the Oracle was 20cbt (c.30+’) long by 20cbt (c.30+’) wide by 20cbt (c.30+’) high, overlaid with Pure Gold; the Altar was covered with Cedar. Solomon overlaid the whole House with Pure Gold; he drew Chains of Gold across the front of the Oracle; the House was covered and finished in Gold; the Altar near the Oracle was overlaid with Gold; on the Oracle was Two Cherubs of Olive Wood standing 10cbt (c.15′) high, with both Wings of each Cherub of 5cbt (c.7-8′), and 10cbt (c.15′) space arching and facing to touch one another, both Cherubim were exactly alike in measure and form; the Cherubim was placed in the Inner House, their Wings outstretched upward touching both opposite Walls and facing and touching each other’s Wings in the center of the House; the Cherubim were overlaid with Gold; on all the Walls of the House were carved Figures (Pictures, Likenesses) of Cherubim, Palm-trees, and Open Flowers, overlaid inside and outside, as was the Floor of the House. The entrance for the Oracle had Olive-wood Doors; the Lintel and two Door-posts were 1/5th the size; both Doors of Olive-wood, with carvings of Cherubs, Palm-trees, and Open Flowers, overlaid and spread with Gold; for entrance of the Temple Door-posts of Olive-wood, of 1/4th size, with Two Leaves for both Folding Doors each; with carvings like the other Doors, overlaid with Gold fitted on the graven work. The Inner Court had Three Courses of Hewn Stone and One Course of Cedar Beams. Thus the Foundation of the Lord’s House was laid in his 4th year in the month Ziv, and completed in the 11th year in Bul, the 8th month, in all its details and fashion; in all 7 years of construction.
Solomon built and completed his Palace (House) in 13 years: the House was constructed from the forest of Lebanon: 100cbt (c.150+’) long by 50cbt (c.75+’) wide by 30cbt (c.45+’) high; with 4 rows of Cedar Pillars, with Cedar Beams on each; it was covered with Cedar above over the 45 Beams, that were on the Pillars; 15 in a row; with Beams in 3 rows; and Windows facing each other across in 3 ranks; the Doors and Posts were made square with Beams, with Windows facing across one another in 3 ranks. The Porch of Pillars were: 50cbt (c.75+’) long by 30cbt (c.45+’) wide; with a Porch in front, and Pillars in front the entrance. The Porch of his Throne for Judgment was covered with Cedar from Floor to Floor. He made like it also his House or Home to live in, and its Court in the Porch. Also the House or Home for Pharaoh’s daughter, Solomon’s wife, he made like it, with Porch; all these with Costly Hewn Stones by measurement, sawed and cut on both sides; from the Foundation to the Coping, on the outside to the Great Court. The Foundation was of Great Costly Stones, some of 10cbt (c.15′), and some of 8cbt (c.12′); above at top were Costly Hewn Stones by measure, and Cedar-wood. The Great Court enclosed with 3 courses of Hewn Stones, and 1 course of Cedar Beams; just as in the Inner Court of the Lord’s House; and of the Porch of the House.
Now Solomon had contracted Hiram of Tyre, the son of widow of the tribe of Naphtali and of a man of Tyre; he was a master craftsman and experienced brass worker, filled with wisdom, understanding, and skill. He appeared before Solomon to work his craft: he fashioned 2 Brass Pillars 18cbt (c.27+’) high, with a line of 12cbt (c.18+’) enclosing each of them; he made 2 molten Brass Capitals for the tops of the Pillars, both were 5cbt (c.7-8′) in height; both Capitals with nets or embroideries of checker-works, and wreaths of chain-work, 7 per Capital each; the 2 Pillars had 2 rows all around in network to cover the Capitals on top of the Pillars; the Capitals were of lily-work of 4cbt (c.6′); the Capitals were above at the top of both Pillars, near or tapered to the belly near the network, with 200 Pomegranates in rows around both Capitals. The Pillars were set up at the Porch of the Temple, one at the right called Pillar of Jachin, and the other at the left, called the Pillar of Boaz; the tops of the Pillars were of lily-work; thus were the Pillars finished. The Molten Sea Laver he made of 10 cbt (c.15′) circular, brim to brim, 5cbt (c.7-8′) high, with a line of 30cbt (c.45+’) enclosing them; under its brim around it were 2 rows of casted Knops; standing or resting on a base of 12 Oxen: 3 facing the north, 3 facing the west, 3 facing the south, and 3 facing the east; the Sea was elevated on the Base with the Oxen backs inward to the center; the Sea was 1 handbreadth (c.4-5″) thick; its brim was like a brim of a cup, with lily-like floral design; and it held 2,000 baths of water. He made 10 Brass Bases, 4cbt (c.6′) long by 4cbt (c.6′) wide by 3cbt (c.4-5′) high. The Bases were made thus: with Panels between Ledges; on the Panels were Lions, Oxen, and Cherubs; on the Ledges was a Pedestal above, and beneath the Lions, Oxen, and Cherubs were wreaths of hanging work; each Base had 4 Brazen Wheels and Brass Axles; and its 4 feet had Undersetters, and underneath the Laver Molten Undersetters, each with Wreaths at the side; its Mouth inside the Capital at the top was 1cbt (c.27-30″); its Mouth like a Pedestal shape was 11/2cbt (c.30-33″); its Mouth had engravings; their Panels were foursquare or box shape; the 4 Wheels underneath the Panels; the Axletrees (Shaft, Rod) of the Wheels were in the Base; the Wheel was 11/2cbt (c.30-33″). The Wheels were made like Chariot Wheels: with Axletrees, Felloes, Spokes, and Naves, and all were molten; with 4 Undersetters at the 4 Corners of each Base’s bottom; the top of the Base circular 1/2cbt (c.10-12″) high, and its Stays and Panels were of the same; the Plates of its Stays and Panels of graved Cherubs, Lions, and Palm-trees, each in its place, with wreaths around; thus were the 10 Bases casted alike with one measure and form. He made 10 Lavers of Brass, each held 40 baths of water; each were 4cbt (c.6′); the 10 Lavers were on 10 Bases; 5 Bases on the right side of the House, and 5 Bases on the left of the House; the Sea was on the right side of the House eastward and southward. So Hiram made Lavers, Shovels, and Basins; he completed and finished all his work and craft for King Solomon in the Lord’s House: the 2 Pillars, the 2 Bowls of the Capitals on top of the Pillars, the 2 Networks to cover the 2 Bowls of the Capitals on the Pillars; the 10 Bases, and 10 Lavers on 10 Bases; and 1 Sea with 12 Oxen under it; and Pots, Shovels, and Basins: all these Vessels Containers and Wares he made of Burnished Brass for King Solomon for the Lord’s House.
The King casted them in the Plain of Jordan, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarethan. Solomon did not weigh these many Vessels, so the weight was not known. Solomon made all the Vessels for the Lord’s House: the Golden Altar, the Golden Table of Showbread of Presentation, and the Golden Candlesticks or Lampstands: 5 Lampstands on the right, and 5 Candlesticks on the left, before the Oracle, made of Pure Gold, with Flowers, Lamps, Tongs, each of Gold; Pure Golden Cups, Snuffers, Basins, Spoons, and Firepans; and Golden Hinges for both the Doors of the Inner House, the Most Holy Place, and the doors of the House or Temple. Thus all the work and construction in the building of the Lord’s House was fully completely finished. Solomon brought in the dedicated things of his father David: Silver, Gold, and Vessels; and put them in the Treasuries (Storehouses) of the Lord’s House.
Then King Solomon assembled the Elders of Israel, Leaders of the Tribes, and Princes of the Families of Israelites in Jerusalem, to bring up the Ark of the Lord’s Covenant out of Zion, David’s City; in the 7th month of Ethanim the Elders and Priests and Levites took up the Ark and the Tent of Meeting and all the Holy Vessels in the Tent to relocate them. King Solomon and the Assembly of Israel stood before the Ark sacrificing sheep and oxen without number. The Priests brought in the Ark of the Lord’s Covenant into the Oracle of the House, to the Most Holy Place, under the Wings of the Cherubs; which spread forth their Wings over the place of the Ark, and covered the Ark and the its Staves (Poles), but the Poles were so long that the ends were seen outside in the Holy Place before the Oracle, but not seen beyond on the outside; and are there to this day (time of Hezekiah and Isaiah); in the Ark was only the Two Stone Tablets of Moses, put there at Horeb, when the Lord covenanted with Israel after the Exodus from Egypt. When the Priests came out of the Holy Place, the Cloud filled the Lord’s House, so that the Priests could not minister because of the Cloud of the Lord’s Glory filled the Lord’s House. Solomon’s Blessings: The Lord said He dwells in thick darkness; but I’ve built Yu a House of Habitation, an Eternal Dwelling-place; the King turned around facing to bless the Assembly of Israel while they stood: The Lord God of Israel be blessed, Who spoke to my father David, and has now fulfilled it, saying: From the day of My people Israel’s Exodus from Egypt I have not chosen a city of any tribe to build a House form My Name; but I chose David to be over My people Israel. Now my father David’s heart was to build a House for the Lord God of Israel; but He said to him: yur heart is well to build for Me a House for My Name, but yu must not build the House, but the son from yur loins shall build the House for My Name. The Lord has established His Word, and I have risen in the place of my father David to sit on Israel’s Throne, as He promised; and I have built the House for the Lord’s Name, Israel’s God. In it I’ve placed the Ark of the Lord’s Covenant made with our fathers from the time of the Exodus. Solomon stood before the Lord’s Altar in the Assembly of Israel’s presence, and spread forth his hands toward heaven, and said: (Solomon’s Prayer):
Lord God of Israel, there is no God like Yu in Heaven or on earth, keeping Covenant
and showing lovingkindness to Yur servants, who walk before Yu with all their heart;
and kept Yur promise to my father David;
Yu spoke with Yur mouth and fulfilled it today with Yur hand.
Now keep that promise to David that there will not fail a man to sit on Israel’s Throne,
if yur children (sons) walk before Me has yu’v walked;
I pray, let Yur word be now verified.
But will God indeed dwell on earth, when all the heavens cannot contain Yu;
how much less this House that I’ve built!
Yet respect and regard the prayer and supplication of Yur servant’s prayer this day:
that Yur eyes be open toward this House night and day,
the Place where Yu said Yur Name will abide, and to my prayer;
to hear my supplication; and of Israel’s prayer toward this Place;
hear from Yur Dwelling-place and forgive.
(1) If a man sin against his neighbor,
and he swears under oath before Yur Altar in this House;
hear from heaven and respond and judge Yur servants,
condemning the wicked, bringing his way on his head,
and justifying the righteous, giving him according to his righteousness.
(2) When Israel is defeated by the enemy, because they sinned against Yu,
then turn to Yu to confess Yur Name to pray and petition to Yu in this House;
hear and forgive them, and return them to the promised land Yu gave to their fathers.
(3) When heaven withholds the rain because they sinned against Yu;
if they pray toward this Place to confess Yur Name,
and turn from their sin in Yur afflicting them;
hear and forgive all of them;
when Yu teach them the good way for them to walk,
and send rain on Yur Land, that Yu gave them for an inheritance.
(4) If there is in the land famine, pestilence, blasting mildew, locust, caterpillar,
(or any such plague);
if the enemy besiege them in their cities; whatever plague or sickness;
then what prayer and supplication be made by any man, or by Yur people Israel,
for every man will know the plague of his own heart;
and he spreads forth his hands toward this House:
hear and forgive, respond and render accordingly to the heart,
for Yu alone know the hearts of every man of mankind;
that they may fear Yu all the days of their lives in the Land.
(5) The foreigner (stranger, alien,) not of Israel, from a distant country or nation
for Yur Name’s sake
(for they will hear of Yur great Name and of yur mighty Hand and outstretched Arm);
and he comes and pray towards this House:
hear and respond to what he calls for or invokes;
that all peoples of the earth may know Yur Name, to fear Yu as Israel does,
and know that this House I’ve built is called by Yur Name.
(6) If Yur People battles their enemy in any direction,
and pray to the Lord, toward the Chosen City and the House of Yur Name:
hear their prayer and supplication, and maintain their cause.
(7) If they sin against Yu (for every man sins),
and Yu’re angry with them, to deliver them to the enemy,
to be carried away captive to their enemy’s land both far or near;
and then they consider their captivity,
and turn again in supplication and confessing that they’ve sinned
and acted perversely and done wickedly;
and if they return to Yu with all their heart and soul while captives,
and pray toward their Promised Land and Chosen City and the House of Yur Name:
hear their prayer and supplication, and maintain their cause;
and forgive Yur People who’ve sinned against Yu of all their transgressions and trespasses; grant them compassion in their captivity from their conquerors
(for their Yur people and Inheritance delivered from Egypt (Exodus) the Iron Furnace (Hell)); that Yur Eyes be open to Yur servant’s and Israel’s supplication,
to listen to them whenever they cry to Yu:
for Yu separated them from among all peoples of the earth for Yur Inheritance,
as Yu spoke to Yur servant Moses at the Exodus, O Lord Jehovah.
When Solomon ended his Prayer and Supplication to the Lord, he arose from his knees before the Lord’s Altar, with his hands spread forth toward heaven, he stood and blessed the Assembly of Israel with a loud voice, saying:
the Lord is blessed, He has given rest to His People Israel as He promised:
not a word of His promise by His servant Moses has failed;
may He be with us as He was with our fathers, and not leave or forsake us;
to incline our hearts to Him, to walk in His ways, to keep His commandments,
and statutes, and ordinances, which He commanded our fathers.
May these words of supplication to the Lord God, be near to Him night and day,
that He may maintain the cause of His servant and of His People Israel,
as each day may require;
that all peoples of the earth may know that the Lord only is God alone.
Let your heart be perfect with the Lord our God,
to walk in His statutes, and to keep His commandments, as it is today.
Then the King and all Israel offered sacrifice before the Lord. Solomon offered the sacrifice of peace-offerings to the Lord, 22,000 oxen, and 120.000 sheep. So the King and the Israelites dedicated the House of the Lord. That day the King hallowed or sanctified the middle of the Court that was before the Lord’s House, where he offered the burnt-offering, meal-offering, and the fat of the peace-offerings, because the Brazen Altar before the Lord was too small to receive the various sacrifices and offerings. So Solomon held a Feast with Israel, a great Assembly, from the Entrance of Hamath to the Brook of Egypt, before the Lord God, for 2 weeks or 14 days. On the 8th day after the second week he dismissed the People; and they blessed the King, and returned home joyful and glad of heart for all the goodness that the Lord showed to His servant David, and to His People Israel.
After Solomon had finished the building of the Lord’s House (Temple), and the King’s House (Palace), and everything he his heart desired; then the Lord appeared to him the 2nd time as the 1st in Gibeon; and said to him: I have heard yur prayer and supplication yu’ve made before Me: I have hallowed (sanctified) this House yu’ve built for My Name forever, and My eyes will always be on it. If yu walk before Me as did yur father David, in the integrity of heart and uprightness, to do all I have commanded yu, and keep My statutes and ordinances; then I will establish the Throne of yur Kingdom over Israel forever, just as I promised yur father David, that a man from yu will not fail to sit on Israel’s Throne. But if ye and your sons shall turn away from following Me, to not keep My commandments and statutes I’ve set before you, but to go and serve and worship other gods; then I will cut off Israel from the Promised Land; and this House hallowed for My Name, will I cast out of My sight; and Israel shall become a proverb and byword among all peoples. And of this high and exalted House shall everyone passing it be astonished and hiss, and ask: why has the Lord done this to this Land and House? And they will answer: because they forsook the Lord their God Who delivered their fathers from Egypt, and went out to lay hold on other gods to worship and serve them; thus the Lord brought this evil on them.
So after 20 years, Solomon completed the construction of the two Houses, the Lord’s Temple and Solomon’s Palace (for King Hiram of Tyre had provided Solomon with cedar and fir trees, with gold, according to his desires); that he gave Hiram 20 cities in the land of Galilee. Hiram came from Tyre to see the Cities, and was displeased, and said: what are these cities, my brother? And he called them the land of Cabul to this day. Now Hiram sent to the King 60 talents of gold. The reason for King’s Solomon levy was to build the Lord’s Temple, and Solomon’s Palace, and Millo, and Jerusalem’s Wall, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer. Pharaoh King of Egypt took and burnt Gezer and killed the Canaanites who lived in the city, and gave it to his daughter, Solomon’s wife. So Solomon built Gezer, and lower Beth Horon, and Baalath, and Tamar in the wilderness, in the land; and all the store-cities of Solomon, and cities for his chariots, cities for his horsemen, and everything Solomon desired to build for his pleasure in Jerusalem, and in Lebanon, and in all the land of his dominion. The people that were in Canaan which the Israelites did not eradicate, the Amorites, the Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites, Solomon raise a levy of bondservants (slaves) to this day; but no Israeli was made slaves; but instead they were made men of war, and his servants, his princes, captains, and rulers (guardians, keepers) of his chariots and horsemen. Solomon had 550 Chief Officers over the work, ruling or managing the workforce. After Pharaoh’s daughter moved from David’s City into her own House (Palace), then he built Millo. 3 times a year Solomon offered burnt and peace offerings before the Lord on the Lord’s Altar that he built; thus he finished the House (Temple).
King Solomon made a Navy of Ships in Ezion-Geber, near Eloth, on the shore (seaport) of the Red Sea (Yam Suph (Gulf of Aqaba)) in the Land of Edom. Hiram sent in the Naval fleet servants and shipmen (sailors) of the sea along with Solomon’s servants. They sailed to Ophir and loaded thence gold, 420 talents ((75 lbs = 1 talent = 1-1.5 million dollars 2014-2018; 420 talents = some 30,000 pounds, c. 420-500 million dollars, or 1/2 billion $)), and brought it to Solomon.
When the Queen of Sheba heard of Solomon’s fame concerning the Lord’s Name (the Temple and the Palaces), she came to test him with difficult questions; she visited Jerusalem with a great train, camels carrying spices, great quanities of gold, and precious stones; and when she arrived she conversed with Solomon from her heart concerns; and he answered her questions and desires; nothing was hidden or unknown from the King of her interests. After the Queen of Sheba had seen all Solomon’s wisdom, and the House he built, the food of his table, the sitting of his servants or Court, the attendance of his Ministers, and their apparel, and his cupbearers, and his ascent up to the Lord’s House; she was breathless without spirit. Then she said to the King: It was a true report I heard in my country of yur acts and wisdom, which I did not believe the words; now I see for myself, that the half had not been told me of yur wisdom and wealth exceeding yur fame. Happy and blessed are yur men and servants, who stand before yu to hear yur wisdom; blessed be the Lord yur God, Who delighted to set yu on the Throne of Israel: for He ever loved Israel, and so made yu King, to do justice and righteousness. The Queen of Sheba gave to King Solomon 120 talents of gold (some 9,000 pounds, or some 10 million $), a cargo (storehouse) of spices, and precious stones: never again were brought such abundance of spices. And Hiram’s naval fleet besides the gold of Ophir, brought thence great quanities of almug-trees and precious stones. Solomon made from the almug-trees Pillars for the Lord’s House (Temple), the King’s House (Palace), also harps and psalteries for singers: never again were seen such almug-trees to the present (time of Isaiah and Hezekiah). King Solomon gave to the Queen of Sheba all her desires and request, besides his gifts to her from his Royal bounty. So she returned to her country with her servants. The total weight of gold that came to Solomon in one year was 666 gold talents (or some 50,000 pounds or 666 million to 1 billion $) ((about 10% of the Israel’s annual wealth; or a rich billionaire today (2014-2018) in USA would need to have annual income of 10% of 20 trillion $ to equal Solomon’s wealth, that is, he must be a trillionaire; compare J.D. Rockefeller, one of the richest man of modern times, at 350 billion $ net worth in 1900s was 1-2% of US GDP); ((it is a mistake to say that Solomon’s wealth annually continued equally for some 20-40 years, making his wealth blown out of proportions)); besides that (the taxes and tributes and gifts) of the traders and merchants, and the various Kings of the mixed people, and of the governors of the country. King Solomon made 200 bucklers or shields of gold, each shield was made with 600 gold shekel coins (c. $300,000 a shield); and 300 shields of beaten gold, each weighing 3 pounds of gold per shield (c. $50-60,000 each), and he stored them in the House of Forest in Lebanon. The King also made a great Ivory Throne overlaid with finest gold; there were 6 steps to the Throne, its top was round or curved at the back, with staves or poles on both sides under the seat, with 2 Lions standing by the poles; and besides the 6 steps were two rows of Lions: not the like was in any other Kingdom. All King Solomon’s drinking vessels were of gold, all the vessels of the Forest House in Lebanon were of pure gold; none were of silver, for silver was of little worth in the days of Solomon. The King had at sea a Navy fleet to sail to along with Hiram’s fleet to Tarshish once every three years, with the imports of gold, silver, ivory, apes, and peacocks. So King Solomon exceeded all the Kings of the earth in wealth and wisdom; and all the earth sought the presence (face) of Solomon to hear the wisdom of God in his heart. Each man brought his tribute of silver and gold vessels, raiment or garments, spices, horses, and mules, a rate or payment yearly. Solomon accumulated chariots and horsemen, some 1,400 chariots, and 12,000 horsemen ((about 8 horsemen to a chariot, or 4 horses and horsemen to a chariot and 4 extra horsemen as reserve)), and kept in the Chariot Cities and with the King in Jerusalem. He made silver as common as stones in Jerusalem, and cedars as plenty as sycamore trees of the lowlands. Solomon’s horses were imported from Egypt; the King’s Merchants or Buyers purchased them in droves or teams at a fixed price. A chariot imported from Egypt cost 600 silver-shekels (c. 5-50 dollars at different times and places per coin, or $3,000 – $30,000 per chariot); and a horse for 150 silver shekels or 1/4 the cost of a chariot, or some $1,000 to $5,000 per horse; and so for all the Kings of the Hittites and Syria supplied as abled.
King Solomon loved many foreign women, beside Pharaoh’s daughter (Egyptian), women and girls of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians, and Hittites; those nations (Gentiles) which the Lord told the Israelite not to go among them, or let them come among yu; because they will surely turn yur heart to follow their gods: Solomon clung (was adhered, was addicted) to these in love. He had 700 wives, princesses, and 300 concubines (secondary wives); and his wives turned away his heart when he was old to follow other gods (their idols), so that his heart was not perfect with the Lord as was his father David. Solomon went after Ashtoreth the Goddess (Idol) of the Sidonians, and Milcom the Abomination (Idol) of the Ammonites: he did evil before the Lord, not fully following Him as did David. Solomon even built a High-Place for Chemosh the Abomination (Idol) of Moab, in the mount before Jerusalem, and also for Molech the Abomination (Idol) of the Ammonites: thus he did for all his foreign wives, who burnt incense and sacrificed to their gods. The Lord became angry with Solomon, because his heart was turned away from the Lord God of Israel, Who appeared to him twice, and commanded him against following after idols: but he disregarded or disobeyed the Lord’s command. So the Lord said to Solomon: Since yu have done this in disobedience to My covenant and statutes to yu, I will surely rip the Kingdom from yu, and give it to yur servant; but I will not do it in yur days for yur father David’s sake, but will by yur son’s hand; but not all the Kingdom, but will reserve one tribe to yur son, for the sake of My servant David and for My chosen place Jerusalem.
Now the Lord raised up an Adversary (Opposer, Enemy, Satan) to Solomon: 1st: Hadad the Edomite, of the King’s seed in Edom; for when David was in Edom, and the Army General Joab went to bury the slain, after he had killed all the males in Edom: for Joab and Israel remained in Edom for 6 months in order to kill all the males; but Hadad, as a young child, escaped with some Edomite servants of his father to go into Egypt. They arose out of Midian and came to Paran, thence they took men and came into Egypt, to Pharaoh King of Egypt, who gave him a house, and appointed him victuals, and gave him land. Pharaoh favored Hadad, and married him to his wife Queen Tahpenes’ sister; and Queen Tahpenes’ sister gave birth to Hadad a son, Genubath, who Tahpenes weaned in Pharaoh’s House, and was raised as one of Pharaoh’s sons. Later Hadad heard in Egypt that David and Joab were dead; he asked Pharaoh to permit him to return to his country. But Pharaoh objected asking what he lacked to seek to return to his homeland; and he replied he lacked nothing, but insisted his request. Then a 2nd Adversary God raised up against Solomon in Rezon ben-Eliada, who fled from his master King of Zobah; for he gathered men, and became their Troop Captain; after David killed some of them; the others fled to Damascus and stayed and reigned there. Hadad became Israel’s Adversary all the days of Solomon for mischief; and he abhorred Israel and reigned over Syria. Then the 3rd to lift his hand against the King was Jeroboam ben-Nebat, an Ephraimite of Zeredam Solomon’s servant, whose widowed mother was Zeruah. The reason he rebelled against the King was: Solomon built Millo, repaired the breach of David’s City. Now Jeroboam was a brave warrior, and Solomon noticed he was industrious (ambitious) so he gave him charge over the labor-force of the House of Joseph. Later, Jeroboam left Jerusalem, and the Prophet Ahijah the Shilonite encountered him (Ahijah was clothed in a new garment), and when the two of them were alone in the field; that Ahijah ripped the new garment into 12 Pieces; and said to Jeroboam: take 10 Pieces, for the Lord God of Israel says that He will rend the Kingdom from Solomon and give yu 10 Tribes: (but he will retain one Tribe for David’s and Jerusalem’s sake) for they have forsaken Me, and have worshipped Idols (goddess and gods): Ashtoreth of the Sidonians, and Chemosh of the Moabites, and Milcom of the Ammonites; refusing to walk in My ways, or to do what’s right in My eyes, or to keep My statutes and ordinances, as David did. I will not sever the whole Kingdom in his lifetime, but I will let him be Prince, for David’s sake, My chosen and obedient servant; but I will partition the Kingdom from his son, and give to yu 10 tribes; and reserve one tribe to his son, that David may have a Lamp always before Me in Jerusalem, My chosen city for My Name. I will let yu reign, as yur soul desires, over all Israel as King. If yu will obey My commands, walk in My ways, do what is right to Me, to keep my statutes and commandments, as David did, then I will build yu a sure House, as I built for David, and I will give Israel to yu. Thus will I afflict the seed of David, but not for ever. So Solomon sought to kill Jeroboam; but he escaped and fled to Egypt, to Shishak the King of Egypt, and stayed there till Solomon died.
Now the rest of the Acts and Works of Solomon are written in the Book of Solomon’s Acts. Solomon reigned over Israel, in Jerusalem, for 40 years; then he slept with his fathers; and was buried in the City of David; and his son Rehoboam reigned in his place.
Rehoboam (1st King of Judah, Southern Kingdom (SK)): at Shechem Israel came to make him King; Jeroboam ben-Nebat, still in Egypt, heard; and they sent and called him; Jeroboam and the Assembly of Israel addressed Rehoboam: yur father made our yoke grievous; make his burdensome service and heavy yoke on us lighter, and we will serve yu. He requested they return in 3 days for his reply; he then took counsel with the Elders of his father Solomon’s reign, for an answer to the people; they advised him to serve the people, to reply to them, and speak kindly to them, then they will serve yu always. But rejecting the Elders counsel he turned to his younger peers and friends, and they advised him to tell the people: my little finger is thicker than my father’s loins (1,000 times thicker); my father loaded you with a heavy yoke, but I will add to it; he chastised (punished, disciplined) you with whips, but I will use scorpion-whips. So on the 3rd day the King answered Jeroboam and the people roughly, against the Elders’ counsel, and followed the young men’s words. Thus, the Lord established His word by the Prophet Ahijah. Israel in response to the King said: What portion or inheritance have we in David ben-Jessie? to your tents, Israel! now see to yur own House David! So, Israel returned home; but the Israelites living in the cities of Judah were ruled by Rehoboam. King Rehoboam sent Adoram the Overseer of the laborers, but Israel stoned him to death; so, the King quickly fled back to Jerusalem. Israel continued to rebel against David’s House to this date (Isaiah-Hezekiah times).
Israel heard of Jeroboam’s return and they invited him to the Assembly, and they made him Israel’s King (1st King of Israel, Northern Kingdom (NK)); thus, only the tribe of Judah followed David’s House. After Rehoboam returned to Jerusalem, he assembled the House of Judah with the tribe of Benjamin, 180,000 drafted fighters, to fight the House of Israel, to regain the Kingdom for Solomon’s son Rehoboam. But God’s Word came to the Man of God, Shemaiah, saying: Tell Rehoboam ben-Solomon, Judah’s King, and the House of Judah and Benjamin, and the rest of the people: The Lord says ye are not to go to war against your brothers the Israelites; everyman must return home; because this division is of Me. So, they heard and obeyed the Lord’s word.
Jeroboam built Shechem in the hill-country of Ephraim and lived there; then he built Penuel; and he said in his heart: the Kingdom will return to David’s House, if they go up to offer sacrifices in the Lord’s House at Jerusalem; they will have a change of heart, and return to King Rehoboam of Judah, and will kill me. King Jeroboam took counsel, then made 2 Golden Calves, and said to Israel: it is too much for you to visit Jerusalem; This is yur Gods (God) Who saved yu from Egypt! So he put one in the Bethel and the other in Dan; and made Houses of High Places, and Priests from among the people, who were not Levites; he ordained a Feast in the 8th month, on the 15th day, like the Feast in Judah; and he went up to the Altar in Beth-El, sacrificing to his Calves he had made and placed in Beth-El. So he went up to his Altar in Beth-El on the 15th of the 8th month, his own heart’s device, and ordained a Feast for the Israelites; and he burned Incense.
Now a Man of God from Judah by the Lord’s word came to Beth-El, and Jeroboam stood by the Altar to burn Incense: he proclaimed against the Altar by the Lord’s word: Altar, Altar, the Lord says a son born of David’s House, named Josiah; he will sacrifice the Priests of the High Places, who burn Incense on it, and they will burn on yu men’s bones. He signified it by the Lord’s word: this Altar will be rent, and its ashes dispersed. Hearing the Man of God’s curse, Jeroboam moved his hand from the Altar, and ordered the man to be arrested; but his hand pointing to the man became paralyzed (dried, rigid), so he could not bend it. The Altar was rent, and the ashes scattered as predicted. So he asked the Man of God to entreat the Lord God, and to pray to restore my hand; and he did, and it was so. The King invited the Man of God to be his guest with a reward; he replied that he was warned not to eat or drink in the place, not even to return by the same way. So the Man of God departed from Beth-El by another route. Now in Beth-El was an old Prophet; one of his sons told him of the works of the Man of God, and of his words to the King. He inquired which direction the Man of God took, and he had them saddle a donkey; he rode to meet him; he asked him if he was the Man of God from Judah; he replied: yes, I am. He invited him to dine with him at home; but he replied that he could not by the Lord’s strict command; the old man replied: I too am a Prophet like yu; and the Lord’s Angel (Messenger) spoke to me by the Lord’s word: bring him back to dine with yu; but this was a lie. So he went home with him and dined; at the table the Lord’s word came to the old Prophet; and he proclaimed to him: the Lord says: Cause yu have disobeyed the Lord God’s verbal command in eating and drinking in BethEl, yur body will not be buried in yur fathers’ sepulchre. After he left the old prophet’s house, on the way a lion met and slew him, and his body was tossed at the roadside, and the lion and his donkey stood beside the body. Travelers seeing the body with the lion and donkey, reported it in the city where the old prophet was; and he heard and went and brought back the young’s prophet body to his home; and explained that this young prophet was disobedient and the Lord caused the lion to tear him to pieces; so he mourned for him, and told his sons to bury him in his own sepulchre, and after I die, my bones must be laid next to his: for his words and prophecy from the Lord against the Altar of BethEl and against all the Houses of the High Places throughout Samaria will take place.
But Jeroboam continued in his evil ways, making from the common people, or any who desired to be consecrated, Priests of the High Places: this became the Sin of the House of Jeroboam to cut off and to destroy.
At that time Jeroboam’s son Abijah fell sick; he sent his wife, the child’s mother, to disguise herself, and to go to the Prophet Ahijah, who told him that he would be King, who was in Shiloh; and sent with her 10 loaves, and cakes, and a cruse of honey: that he may tell what will happen to the child. She went and came to Ahijah’s house in Shiloh; and Ahijah was blind from old age; and the Lord had said to him that Jeroboam’s wife will visit him pretending to be another woman, asking concerning her sick son. When Ahijah heard the sound of her feet at his doorway, he spoke up saying: come in, wife of Jeroboam, why pretend to be someone else? I am sent to yu with heavy news: Go tell Jeroboam the Lord God of Israel says: I exalted yu and made yu Prince over Israel, and I ripped the Kingdom away from David’s House and gave it to yu; yet yu have not behaved as My servant David, who kept My commandments, who followed Me with all his heart, to do what was right to Me; but yu have done more evil than those before yu, in making other gods and molten images, to provoke me to anger, to cast Me behind yur back: so I will bring evil on the House of Jeroboam, to cut off from Jeroboam any male-child shut up or at large in Israel, to sweep away Jeroboam’s House as one sweeps away dung (manure). The one who dies of Jeroboam in the city will the dogs eat; the one who dies in the fields birds of the sky will eat; as the Lord has spoken. Return home, and when yu enter the city yur child shall die; and Israel will mourn and bury him; for he alone of Jeroboam shall be buried, for some good thing toward the Lord is found in him; and the Lord will raise up a King in Israel who shall cut off Jeroboam’s House in that day. The Lord will strike Israel as a shaken reed in the water; and will uproot Israel from the promised good Land, and will scatter them beyond the River, for their Asherim, provoking the Lord’s anger. He will surrender Israel for Jeroboam’s sins, and Israel’s sin. She returned home to Tirzah, and when she came to her doorway the child died; and Israel mourned and buried him as the Lord said by His servant the Prophet Ahijah. The rest of the Acts of Jeroboam, how he warred and reigned, are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Israel’s Kings.; he reigned 22 years and rested with his forefathers; and his son Nadab (2nd NK) reigned in his place.
Rehoboam ben-Solomon (1st SK) reigned in Judah: he was 41, he ruled for 17 years (d. 58) in Jerusalem, the Lord’s chosen City of Israel’s tribes, for His Name; and his mother’s name was Naamah an Ammonite. Judah, again, by their evil and sins provoked the Lord to jealousy, more than their forefathers: they built their High Places, and Pillars, and Asherim on high hills and under green trees; there were sodomites (male prostitutes) in the land: they practiced all the abominations of the nations the Lord drove out before Israel. In the 5th year of King Rehoboam, Shishak King of Egypt invaded Jerusalem; and he took away the treasures of the Lord’s House (Temple), and of the King’s House (Palace); removing everything, also Solomon’s golden shields. But Rehoboam replaced them with brass shields, and committed them to the care of the Captain of the King’s Palace Guards; and whenever the King went to the Lord’s Temple the guards carried them, then returned them to the guard-chamber. The rest of Acts of Rehoboam, his deeds, are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Judah’s Kings. There was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam continually; Rehoboam died and was buried with his forefathers in David’s City, his mother Naamah was Ammonite; and his son Abijam (2rd SK) reigned in his place.
In the 18th year of King Jeroboam ben-Nebat (1st NK), Abijam (2nd SK) commenced his rule in Judah; he ruled 3 years in Jerusalem; and his mother was Maacah bath-Abishalom. He continued in his father’s sin, with an imperfect heart towards the Lord, unlike his forefather David. The Lord God for David’s sake granted him a lamp in Jerusalem, to set up and establish his son in Jerusalem (for David ever did the right things before the Lord, not departing from His commandments all his life, except the case of the Hittite Uriah). The war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam continued all his days. The rest of the Acts and Deeds of Abijam are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Judah’s Kings; he warred with Jeroboam; he died and was buried with his forefathers in David’s City; and his son Asa (3rd SK) reigned in his place
In the 20th year of King Jeroboam, Asa (3rd SK) commenced his rule in Judah; he ruled 41 years in Jerusalem; his mother (grandmother) was Maacah bath-Abishalom. Asa did right in the Lord’s eyes as David his forefather; he expelled the sodomites (male prostitutes, homo-sexuals); he removed his father’s idols; and he ousted his mother (grandmother) as Queen for her abominable Asherah Image, which he cut down and burnt in the Brook Kidron. The High Places were not removed; yet his heart was always perfect with the Lord. He brought into the Lord’s House the dedicated things that his father and himself had dedicated of silver, gold, and vessels. War continued always between Asa and King Baasha of Israel. King Baasha of Israel assaulted Judah, and built Ramah, to prevent anyone to go to or come from King Asa of Judah. Asa then took the silver and gold treasures of the Lord’s Temple and the King’s Palace, and entrusted them to his servants, and sent them to King Ben-Hadad ben-Tabrimmon ben-Hezion of Syria at Damascus, saying: a League exist between us and our fathers; a present to yu of silver and gold to break yur Treaty with King Baasha of Israel to depart from me. Ben-Hadad accepted King Asa, and sent Army Captains against the cities of Israel, and struck Ijon, Dan, Abel-Beth-Maacah, Chinneroth, and the land of Naphtali. Baasha heard news, and abandoned Ramah, and stayed in Tirzah. King Asa proclaimed to Judah, none is exempted to transport the stones and timber of Ramah of Baasha’s construction to rebuild Geba, Benjamin, and Mizpah. The rest of the Acts, Power, and Deeds of Asa are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Judah’s Kings. But in old age his feet were diseased; he died and was buried with his forefathers in David’s City; and his son Jehoshaphat (4th SK) ruled in his place.
In the 2nd year of King Asa (3rd SK) of Judah, Nadab ben-Jeroboam (2nd NK) commenced his rule in Israel; he ruled Israel 2 years; he did evil in the Lord’s eyes, walked in his father’s way and sin, who made Israel sin. Baasha ben-Ahijah (3rd NK) (New Line) of Issachar’s House conspired against him, and killed him at Gibbethon of the Philistines, for Nadab and Israel laid siege to Gibbethon.
In the 3rd year of King Asa (3rd SK) of Judah, Baasha (3rd NK) murdered him (Nadab) and ruled (by usurpation) in his place; then as King he murdered all of Jeroboam’s House, just as the Lord foretold by His servant Ahijah the Shilonite; for Jeroboam’s sins causing Israel to Sin and provoking the Lord God of Israel to anger. The rest of the Acts and Works of Nadab are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Israel’s Kings. There was always war between Asa and King Baasha of Israel.
In the 3rd year of King Asa (3rd SK) of Judah Baasha ben-Ahijah (3rd NK) commenced his reign in Israel at Tirzah; he ruled 24 years; doing evil in the Lord’s eyes, walking in Jeroboam’s way and sin, causing Israel to sin.
The Lord’s Word came to Jehu ben-Hanani against Baasha, saying: I exalted yu from dust to be Prince over My people Israel; yu have walked in the way of Jeroboam, caused Israel to sin, to enrage Me with their sins; I will wipe out Baasha and his House, and make yur House like that of Jeroboam ben-Nebat: the dead of Baasha in the city will be eaten by the dogs, and the dead in the fields the birds will eat. The rest of the Acts, Deeds and Power of Baasha are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Israel’s Kings. He died and was buried with his forefathers in Tirzah; his son Elah (4th NK) ruled in his place. The Prophet Jehu ben-Hanani was sent by the Lord’s word against Baasha and his House, cause of his evil before the Lord, provoking His anger by his works, like that of Jeroboam’s House, and for murdering him.
In the 26th year of King Asa (3rd SK) of Judah, Elah ben-Baasha (4th NK) commenced his reign over Israel in Tirzah; he ruled for 2 years; his servant Zimri, captain of 1/2 his chariots, conspired against him. In Tirzah he got drunk in Arza’s House, who was over the household in Tirzah: Zimri (5th NK) went in and murdered him in the 27th year of King Asa (3rd SK) of Judah, and reigned (by usurpation) in his place. Zimri (5th NK) commenced his reign in Israel and sat on his throne; he murdered the House of Baasha to the last male child (kin, friends). Zimri destroyed Baasha’s House by the Lord’s word spoken by the Prophet Jehu, for the sins of Baasha and Elah, causing Israel to sin to provoke the Lord’s anger with their vanities. The rest of the Acts and Deeds of Elah are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Israel’s Kings.
In the 27th year of King Asa (3rd SK) of Judah, Zimri (5th NK) ruled in Tirzah for 7 days. The people were encamped against Gibbethon of the Philistines; they heard that Zimri has conspired and assassinated the King; so Israel made Omri (6th NK), the Army General, King over Israel that day in the camp. So Omri and Israel went up and besieged Tirzah. When Zimri saw the city was taken, he went into the castle of the King’s House, and burnt the King’s House over him, and he died; for his sins in all the evil he did in the Lord’s sight, in walking in the way of Jeroboam, in his sin, to make Israel to sin. The rest of the Acts of Zimri, and his Treason, are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Israel’s Kings. Now the people of Israel were divided: half followed Tibni benGinath; and the other half followed Omri. The people that followed Omri prevailed against those who followed Tibni benGinath; so Tibni died, and Omri ruled.
In the 31st year of King Asa (3rd SK) of Judah, Omri (6th NK) commenced his reign over Israel; and he ruled 12 years; but 6 years in Tirzah. And he bought the Hill Samaria of Shemer for 2 talents of silver (c. $ 60,000); and he built a city on the hill and named it Samaria after its owner Shemer. Omri did evil in the Lord’s eyes; doing more wickedly than those before him. He walked in the way of Jeroboam benNebat, in his sins which he made Israel to sin, to provoke the Lord God of Israel to anger with their vanities. Now the Rest of the Acts of Omri, and his Power, are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Israel’s Kings. So Omri slept with his forefathers and was buried in Samaria; and his son Ahab (7th NK) ruled in his place.
In the 38th year of King Asa (3rd SK) of Judah, Ahab benOmri (7th NK) commenced his reign over Israel; and reigned in Samaria for 22 years. Ahab benOmri did evil in the Lord’s sight more than those before him. As if it was a light thing for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam benNebat, he married Jezebel daughter of King Ethbaal of the Sidonians and went and served and worshipped him. He erected an altar for Baal in Baal’s House, which he had built in Samaria. Ahab made the Asherah; he did more to provoke the anger of the Lord God of Israel than those before him. In his days Hiel the BethElite rebuilt Jericho: he laid the foundation at the cost (loss) of his firstborn Abiram; and he set up the gates at the cost (loss) of his youngest son Segub; just as the Lord’s word spoken by Joshua benNun.
Elijah the Tishbite of the sojourners of Gilead, said to Ahab: as the Lord God of Israel lives, before whom I stand, there will be no dew or rain except by my word. The Lord’s word came to him: leave and go eastward, hide by the Brook Cherith by the Jordan; drink from the brook, and I have charged the ravens to feed yu there; and he did so. The ravens brought him bread and flesh in the morn and eve, and he drank from the brook. When the brook dried up because there was no rain, the Lord’s word came: go stay at Zarephath of Sidon; I have commanded a widow there to sustain yu. He came to Zarephath, at the city gate was a widow gathering sticks; he asked her to draw a little water in a container for him to drink; as she went to do so he, called out to her to bring him a morsel of bread in her hand; but she said: as the Lord yur God lives, I have no cake, but only a handful of meal in a jar, and a little oil in the cruse; I am gathering two sticks to prepare a meal for me and my son, to eat then to die. Elijah told her fear not, but to go do as she said, but first make him a little cake to eat, then she may make for herself and her son. For the Lord God of Israel says: the meal jar shall not waste, and the cruse of oil not fail, till the Lord sends rain on the earth. So she did as Elijah spoke, and he and she and her house ate for days according the Lord’s word by Elijah. After these things, the son of the widow and mistress of the house fell very sick and stopped breathing. She asked Elijah: Man of God are yu come to bring my sin to remembrance and to kill my son! He told her to give him her son, he took him from her bosom and carried him to his guest room and laid him on his bed; then he stretched himself over the child three times, and cried out to the Lord God: please restore the child’s soul; and the child revived; he then brought the child down from his chamber into the house and gave him to his mother; and said yur son lives! She said to him that I now know that yu are a Man of God, and the Lord’s word in yur mouth is truth.
Many days later, the Lord’s word came to Elijah, in the 3rd year (of the drought), to go show himself to Ahab before I send the rain. Elijah went to show himself to Ahab, the famine being severe in Samaria. Ahab called Obadiah, who was over the household (now Obadiah feared the Lord greatly; for he hid 100 of the Lord’s prophets, 50 to a cave, and fed them bread and water, when Jezebel murdered the Lord’s prophets); and said: go through the land, to the water fountains and brooks, to find perhaps grass for the horses and mules, the beasts, to stay alive. Ahab and Obadiah divided the land between them, one went one way, the other went the opposite direction. Elijah met Obadiah on his way; he recognized him and asked is this my lord (master) Elijah? He answered it was he, and to go tell yur lord (master) Ahab that Elijah is here. He replied: have I sinned that yu deliver yur servant into the hands of Ahab to kill me? As the Lord God lives, my lord (master) has sent and searched every nation and kingdom for yu; making them swore that they have not found yu. Now yu say go tell him Elijah is here; and after I have gone to tell him, the Lord’s Spirit will carry yu elsewhere, and Ahab will not find yu where I told him and will kill me: but yur servant fears the Lord from my youth. Where yu not told that when Jezebel murdered the Lord’s prophets, that I hid 100 by sets of 50 in caves, and fed them with bread and water? Elijah answered: as the Lord lives, before Whom I stand, I will this day show myself to Ahab. Obadiah reported to Ahab, and he went to meet Elijah; he asked him: are yu the troubler of Israel? he replied: I have not troubled Israel, rather yu and yur father’s house, in forsaking the Lord’s commandments, to follow Baalim. Now gather to me all Israel to Mount Carmel, with the 450 prophets of Baal, and the 400 prophets of Asherah, to eat at Jezebel’s table; and Ahab sent and gathered the prophets on Mount Carmel. Elijah approached the people and said: how long will you limp between two sides? if the Lord is God, follow Him; if Baal is, then follow him; but the people said nothing. Elijah said: I alone remain a prophet of the Lord, but Baal’s prophets are 450. Bring two bullocks: let them choose one bullock for themselves, and let them cut it in pieces, lay it on the wood without fire. Now call on your God; but I will call on the Lord’s name; they agreed, and they did so. They shouted and cut themselves with knives and lances, till the blood poured out; they carried on from noon till the evening sacrifice; yet there was not heard a voice or answer regarding the oblation. Elijah then called the people and repaired the overturned altar of the Lord. Elijah took 12 stones, one for each tribe of Jacob’s sons, to whom the Lord’s word designated or renamed Israel; he built an altar to the Lord’s Name; he made a trench around the altar, wide enough to contain two measures of seeds; he put the wood in order, and cut the bullock in pieces, laying the parts on the wood; then he ordered that 4 jars of water be poured out on the burnt-offering on the wood; then again, the second and third time the same, till the water flowed about the altar and filled the trench. At the time of the evening oblation the Prophet Elijah approached and cried out: Lord God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, be known today that Yu are the God of Israel and I have done these things at Yur word; hear me, that this people know that Yu are God, and has turned about their hearts. Then the Lord’s fire fell, and consumed the burnt-offering, the wood, and the stones, the dust, and licked up the water in the trench. The people saw and fell to their faces, saying: the Lord is God! Elijah ordered to arrest the prophets of Baal, let none escape; and they brought them to the Brook Kishon, and slew them. Elijah told Ahab to go and eat and drink for the abundance of rain; Ahab went to do so, and Elijah went to the top of Carmel; he bowed himself to the ground, his face between his knees; he told his servant to look toward the sea; and he said I see nothing; he told him to look 7 times, and on the 7th time he said there is a small cloud the size of a man’s hand; he told him to tell Ahab to leave quickly that the rain do not stop yu; quickly the sky became dark with clouds and wind, with much rain. Ahab rode to Jezreel: the Lord’s hand was on Elijah, he girded his loins, and ran ahead of Ahab to the entrance of Jezreel.
Ahab told Jezebel what Elijah did, and how he killed all the prophets by sword; Jezebel sent a messenger to Elijah swearing that God do to me and more, if by tomorrow I make not yur life as one of the slain. So he fled for his life to BeerSheba of Judah, there he left his servant and went further a day’s journey (some 10-20 miles) into the desert, and sat down under a juniper-tree, desiring to die: it is enough Lord, take my life, for I am not better than my fathers. He rested and slept under the juniper-tree; then an angel (messenger) touched him, saying: arise and eat. He looked and saw near his head a cake baked on the coals, and a cruse of water; so he ate and drank, and slept again; again the Lord’s angel (messenger) awoke him the 2nd time to eat and drink, cause the journey is a great distance; so he did; and he went on its nourishment or strength for 40 days and nights unto Horeb the Mount of God (in Midian, some 100 miles (160 kms) away). There he rested in a cave; and the Lord’s word asked him: what are yu doing here Elijah? He said: I have been jealous for the Lord God of hosts; the Israelites have forsaken Yur covenant, thrown down Yur altars, murdered Yur prophets, and I alone remain, and they seek to kill me. He told him to go outside, and to stand on the mount before the Lord. The Lord passed by, and a great strong wind rent the mountains, and broke the rocks in pieces before the Lord; but the Lord was not in the wind; after the wind and earthquake; but He was not in the earthquake; after the earthquake a fire; but He was not in the fire; after the fire was a still small voice (a whisper). When Elijah heard the whisper, he wrapped his face in his mantle, and went out, and stood in the entrance of the cave. Then a voice asked: why are yu here Elijah? He answered as before. The Lord told him to return on the way to the desert of Damascus (some 300 miles or 450 kms): then anoint Hazael as king over Syria; and Jehu benNimshi as king over Israel; and Elisha benShaphat of AbelMeholah as prophet in yur place. He who escapes from Hazael’s sword shall Jehu slay, and he who escapes from Jehu’s sword shall Elisha slay. Yet I will still reserve 7,000 in Israel of the knees of those who have not bowed to Baal, and mouths that have not kissed him.
So he departed, and he found Elisha benShaphat plowing with (driving) 12 yokes of oxen. Elijah came near and threw his mantle on him; he left the oxen, and ran after Elijah, asking: please let me kiss my father and mother goodbye, then I will follow yu; he told him go return, for what have I done to yu? He returned home, then took a yoke of oxen and slaughtered them, boiled their flesh with the wood of the yokes, and fed the people; then he left to follow Elijah and ministered to him. (These 3 anointings by Elijah are fulfilled in Elisha in 2nd Kings 2, and by Elisha in chapters 8-9.)
King BenHadad of Syria gathered his armies allied with 32 kings, with horses and chariots, then besieged and fought Samaria; he sent messengers to King Ahab of Israel, into the city, saying: yur silver, gold, wives, children and finest things are mine. Ahab replied that it is as he has said, all is yurs. Again BenHadad sent messengers adding: surrender yur silver, gold, wives and children; but I will also send my servants tomorrow to search yur House, and the houses of yur servants, to take the best and most pleasing things. Ahab summoned the Elders of Israel, and said: see how this man seeks mischief; he demanded my wives, children, silver, and gold; an I did not refuse him. The Elders and the people advised him to listen or consent. So he told the messengers of BenHadad: tell my lord and king, that his first request he would comply, but not this second request. They reported back to benHadad, who resent a threat: the gods do more to me if the dust of Samaria will suffice for handfuls for all the people who follow me. Israel’s king answered: let not him who girds armor boasts as one who takes it off after the battle. BenHadad received the message while he and the kings were drinking in the pavilions; he said to his servants: prepare to attack. Then a prophet came to Ahab, saying: the Lord says: yu see this great host? I will deliver them into yur hands, and yu will know I am the Lord. Ahab asked by whom; he replied: the Lord says by the young men and princes of the provinces. He asked, who should commence the battle; and he replied, yu. He then mustered the young men of the princes of the provinces, 232; then he mustered the people, 7,000; marching at noon. Meanwhile BenHadad continued getting drunk in the pavilions with the 32 allied kings. So the young men of the princes of the provinces went out first; then BenHadad sent out, and they told him that some men of Samaria have come; he replied to take them alive, whether for peace or war. So they went outside the city to the young provincial princes, and the army that followed them; and they killed them all; and the Syrians fled with Israel in pursuit; and King BenHadad of Syria escaped by horse and horsemen. The King of Israel went out and struck the horses and chariots and slaughtered the Syrians. Then the prophet came near to the King of Israel, and said: strengthen yurself and mark carefully yur actions, for at the return of the year the King of Syria will come up against yu. Now the servants of the King of Syria said to him: their God is a God of Hills; therefore they were stronger than we; let us fight them in the plain, and we will prevail. But first replace the kings by substituting each one with a captain; then muster an army like the one defeated, equal in horses and chariots; then we’ll fight them again in the plain, and prevail; and so they did. So at the year’s return BenHadad mustered an army and went to Aphek to fight Israel; Israel mustered with food supplies and encamped, in appearance as two little flocks of kids; but the Syrians filled the country. A Man of God came and told the King of Israel: the Lord says, Because the Syrians have said, the Lord is a God of the Hills but not God of the Valleys; I will deliver this great multitude into yur hands; and you shall know I am the Lord. So they camped opposite each other for 7 days; on the 7th day the battle engaged; and Israel slew 100,000 Syrian footsoldiers in one day. The rest fled to a city of Aphek; and its wall fell on the remaining 27,000; and BenHadad fled and hid in the inner chamber of the city. Then his servants said: we have heard that the kings of Israel are merciful kings; let us dress in sackcloth around our waists, and ropes on our heads, and go to the King of Israel; perhaps he will spare us. So they came thus to the King of Israel, and said: BenHadad, yur servant, asks to be spared; he asked in reply if he was still alive? he is my brother. The men listened carefully to see his mind; replying yur brother BenHadad. He told them to bring him back to him; and he caused him to ride in his chariot. He said to him: the cities that my father took from yur father I will restore; and yu will make streets for yu in Damascus, as my father did in Samaria. Then he covenanted with him and let him go. Then one of the sons of the prophets, by the Lord’s word, said to his companion: strike me, please; but the man refused; so he said to him: cause yu obeyed not the Lord’s voice, after yu leave a lion will kill yu; and so it happened. Then he found another man and said: please strike me; the man struck and wounded him. So the prophet departed and waited for the king by the pathway; he disguised himself, with a headband over his eyes. As the king passed by, he shouted out: yur servant went out in the battle; a man turned and brought a man to me and said: guard this man; if he is missing then yur life shall be for his, or yu must pay a silver talent. As yur servant was busy about; he escaped. The King of Israel said to him: yu have decided yur judgment! He quickly removed the headband from his eyes; and the King of Israel discerned he was of the prophets. Then he told him: the Lord says, because yu let go from yur hand the man whom I had devoted to destruction, therefore yur life shall be for his life; and yur people for his people. So the King of Israel returned heavy and displeased to Samaria.
Afterwards, Naboth the Jezreelite vineyard was close to King Ahab’s palace in Samaria; and Ahab asked Naboth to give him his vineyard to become his garden of herbs, being so close; he said he would trade him with a better vineyard or buy it at full value. But Naboth refused saying God forbids him to give away his forefather’s inheritance (in compliance to the Mosaic Law). Ahab went home heavy and displeased, and laid on his bed, turning away his face, and refusing to eat. His wife Jezebel asked him why his spirit was sad so not to eat; he told her about Naboth’s vineyard; she replied: do yu not govern the Kingdom of Israel; arise and eat with a merry heart, for I will give yu the Jezreelite Naboth’s vineyard. Then she wrote letters in Ahab’s name, sealed with his seal, to the Elders and Nobles in Naboth’s city; saying: proclaim a fast, set Naboth on high among the people; set 2 men, base fellows, to witness against him that he cursed God and the King; then take him out and stone him to death; so they did as she instructed; and sent word to Jezebel that Naboth was stoned to death. So Jezebel told Ahab to go take possession of Naboth’s vineyard, because he is dead. So Ahab went to take possession of Naboth’s vineyard; but the Lord’s word came to Elijah the Tishbite: go meet King Ahab of Israel of Samaria in the Jezreelite Naboth’s vineyard, where he is taking possession of it, and say: the Lord says, have you murdered and taken ownership? the Lord says, where the dogs licked the blood of Naboth, they’ll lick yur blood! Ahab said to Elijah: have yu found me, O my enemy? he replied: I have found yu, cause yu have sold yurself to do evil in the Lord’s eyes. I will bring evil on yu, and utterly sweep yu away, and will cut off from Ahab every man-child, and the one shut up and the one free in Israel; I will make yur house like the house of Jeroboam benNebat, and like the house of Baasha benAhijah, for the provocation with which yu have provoked My anger, and made Israel to sin. And the Lord says of Jezebel: the dogs shall eat Jezebel by the rampart of Jezreel. He who die of Ahab in the city the dogs shall eat; and he who dies in the field shall the birds of the heavens eat. (There was none like Ahab, who sold himself to do evil in the Lord’s sight, whom his wife Jezebel stirred up. Who did abominably in following idols, according to all that the Amorites did, whom the Lord cast out before the Israelites.) When Ahab heard those words, he tore his clothes, and put sackcloth, and went softly. Then the Lord’s word came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying: because Ahab humbles himself before Me, I will not bring the evil in his days; but will bring it in his son’s days on his house.
Now 3 years passed with war between Syria and Israel; but in 3rd year King Jehoshaphat (4th SK) of Judah visited the King of Israel (Ahab the 7th NK); who said to his servants: RamothGilead is ours, but we are still, and have not taken it from the hands of Syria; and to Jehoshaphat he said: will yu go to battle with me to RamothGilead? and he answered him: I am as yu are, my people as yur people, and my horses as yur horses. But Jehoshaphat asked if there was a prophet of the Lord to inquire or consult; the King of Israel said there is only man, Micaiah ben-Imlah; but I hate him, for he never prophesy good about me, but only evil. Jehoshaphat replied, let not the King say so. The King of Israel ordered an officer to quickly bring him; both Kings were sitting each on his throne, Israel and Judah, clothed in their robes, in an open place at the entrance of the Gate of Samaria; and all the prophets were prophesying before them. Then Zedikiah benChenaanah made horns of iron, saying: the Lord says, with these shall yu push the Syrians till they are consumed; likewise all the prophets prophesied, saying, go up to RamothGilead and prosper; for the Lord will deliver it into the hand of the King. But the messenger bringing Micaiah, said to him: the words of the prophets all agree for good to the King; please let yur words agree for the good; but Micaiah said: as the Lord lives, what He speaks to me, I will speak. The King asked him: Micaiah, shall we to battle to RamothGilead, or forbear? He answered: go and prosper, for the Lord will deliver it into the hand of the King. The King responded: how many times must I adjure yu to speak to me only the truth in the Lord’s name! So he said: I saw Israel scattered on the mountains as sheep without a shepherd; and the Lord said: these have no master, let them return each man to his house in peace. The King of Israel said to Jehoshaphat: I told yu he would not prophesy good about me, but only evil. So he responded: hear the Lord’s word: I saw the Lord sitting on His throne, and the host of heaven standing by Him on the right and the left. The Lord said, who shall entice Ahab to go up and fall at RamothGilead? One answered this way, another answered otherwise; then a spirit came forward, and stood before the Lord, and said: I will entice him. The Lord ask how? he said, I will go and be a lying spirit in the mouth of his prophets; so He said, go do it, and prevail. Now then, the Lord has put a lying spirit in the mouths of these prophets; and the Lord has spoken evil concerning yu. Then Zedekiah benChenaanah struck Micaiah on the cheeks, and said: which way went the Lord’s Spirit from me to speak to yu? Micaiah said: yu will see on the day when yu hide yurself in the inner chamber. The King of Israel ordered that Micaiah be taken to Amon the city governor, and to Joash the King’s son; and tell them: the King says to imprison this man and feed him bread and water of affliction or scarcity, till I return safe. Micaiah responded: if yu return in peace, then the Lord has not spoken by me; and he added, listen up you peoples! So the King of Israel and Jehoshaphat King of Judah went to RamothGilead. The King of Israel told Jehoshaphat: I will disguise myself and go into the battle; but yu put on yur robes. Now the King of Syria had commanded the 32 chariot captains: fight with no one, small or great, but only with the King of Israel. So the chariot captains saw Jehoshaphat and said: it is the King of Israel; and turned to fight against him; but Jehoshaphat cried out. So when the chariot captains saw it was not the King of Israel, they stopped pursuit. Now a certain man drew his man at venture and struck the King of Israel between the joints of the armor; so he told his chariot driver: turn yur hand, take me from the army, for I am seriously wounded. The battle increased that day; the King stayed up in his chariot against the Syrians and died at even; and the blood ran out of the wound into the bottom of the chariot. Then about sunset a shout went thru the army: every man to his tent and to his country! Thus the King (Ahab) died and was brought to Samaria and was buried. They washed the chariot by a pool of Samaria; and the dogs licked up his blood (now the harlots washed themselves there); according to the Lord’s word. Now the rest Acts and Deeds of Ahab, and the Ivory House he built, and the Cities he built, are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Israel’s Kings. So Ahab slept with his forefathers; and his son Ahaziah (8th) ruled in his place.
Jehoshaphat benAsa (4th SK) commence to reign over Judah in the 4th year King Ahab (7th NK) of Israel. Jehoshaphat was 35 years old when he commenced his reign; and he reigned 25 years in Jerusalem; his mother’s name Azubah bathShilhi. he walked in the ways of his father Asa (abiAsa); turning not aside from what was right in the Lord’s sight; however the High-Places were not removed; the people still sacrificed and burnt incense in the High-Places. Jehoshaphat made peace with Israel’s King (Melek Israel). The rest of the Acts of Jehoshaphat, and his Might and Wars, are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Judah’s Kings. The rest of the Sodomites, remaining from the days of his father Asa, he removed from the land. There was no king in Edom, only a deputy as king. Jehoshaphat commissioned ships of Tarshish (Spain) to go to Ophir (Arabia) for gold; but they could not, cause the ships were wrecked at EzionGeber (Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, YamSuph). Then Ahaziah benAhab said to Jehoshaphat: let my servants go with yur servants in the ships; but Jehoshaphat refused. So Jehoshaphat slept with his forefathers and was buried with them in the City of David his forefather; and his son Jehoram (5th SK) ruled in his place.
Ahaziah benAhab (8th NK) commence to reign over Israel in Samaria in the 17th year of King Jehoshaphat (4th SK) of Judah; and he ruled 2 years over Israel. He did what was evil in the Lord’s eyes. and walked in the ways of his father and mother and Jeroboam benNebat, wherein he made Israel to sin; and served and worshipped Baal and provoked the Lord God of Israel’s anger; like his father had done.
2nd KINGS: 25 Chapters: King Ahab’s Death to the Northern Kingdom Captivity & Exile by Assyria’s Kings to the Southern Kingdom Captivity & Exile by Egypt’s & Babylon’s Kings. Prophet Elijah & Prophet Elisha. The Reforms of Kings Hezekiah & Josiah.
Moab rebelled against Israel after the death of Ahab. And Ahaziah (8th) fell through the window in his upper chamber in Samaria, and was sick; so he sent messengers, and told them: go, inquire of BaalZebub, the God of Ekron, if I will recover of this sickness? But the Lord’s Angel (Malak Yehowah) said to Elijah the Tishbite: go up to meet the messengers (angels, malachey, malachi) of the King of Samaria, and say: is it because there is no God in Israel that ye go to inquire of BaalZebub the God of Ekron? Thus says the Lord: yu will not come down from yur bed but will surely dye. Then Elijah departed. The messengers returned to him; he asked why they returned; they told him of an encounter with a man with words from the Lord. He asked them to describe the man; they said he was a hairy man, girt with a leather girdle (belt) around his waist. He said: it is Elijah the Tishbite. Then he sent to him a captain with his 50; and he came to him as he was sitting on the top of the hill; and he said to him: Man of God, the King says come down! Elijah answered the captain of 50: if I be a Man of God, let fire from heaven consume yu and yur 50; and so it happened. Again, he sent another captain of 50 with 50, with the same words; and it happened as before that fire consumed the captain and his 50. Again, a 3rd time he sent another captain of 50 with his 50; but the 3rd captain of 50 came and fell on his knees before Elijah, saying: please let my life and these 50 of yur servants, be precious in yur sight; now fire from heaven consumed the two former captains of fifty with their fifty; but now let my life be precious in yur sight. Then the Lord’s Angel (Messenger) told Elijah to go down with without fear; and he went with him to the King; and he said to him: the Lord says, since yu have sent messengers to inquire word of BaalZebub, Ekron’s God, instead of Israel’s God; therefore yu will die in yur bed. So he died by the Lord’s word from Elijah.
And Jehoram (or Joram benAhab) (9th NK) began to rule in his place in Israel and Samaria, in the 2nd year of Jehoram (5th SK) the son of King Jehoshaphat (4th SK) of Judah, because he had no son. The Rest of the Acts of Ahaziah (8th NK) are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Israel’s Kings.
When it was time for the Lord to take up or transport Elijah to heaven (in the sky), Elisha accompanied him from Gilgal. Elijah told Elisha to please wait here; for the Lord has sent me further to BethEl; but he replied: as the Lord lives, and as yur soul lives, I will not leave yu; so they both went to BethEl. The Sons of the Prophets (Prophetic Sons or School) at BethEl approached Elisha, and said: yu know the Lord will take away (rapture, transport) yur master today from yur head; he replied, I know it, but keep quiet. Again Elijah told Elisha to please wait here, for the Lord has sent me further to Jericho; but he replied as before; so they went to Jericho. Likewise the Sons of the Prophets said to Elisha as did those before, and he replied the same. The 3rd time Elijah told Elisha to wait here, for the Lord has sent him further to Jordan; and he replied as before; and they went on. Then 50 men of the Sons of the Prophets stood opposite facing them while they both stood by the Jordan. Elijah took his mantle and wrapped it together, and struck the waters, and they divided in two, so they both crossed on dry ground. After they crossed, Elijah asked Elisha to ask what he should do for him before he is taken; he replied, please let a double portion of yur spirit be on me. Yu have asked a hard thing; if yu see me when I am taken from yu, it shall be only then be so done. So as they walked and talked, a chariot of fire and horses of fire, which separated them apart; and Elijah went up by whirlwind into heaven. Elisha saw it and shouted: my father! my father! (Abi, Abi) the chariots of Israel and their horsemen! (riders). He no longer saw him; and he grabbed and ripped his own clothes into pieces. Then he took up Elijah’s mantle that fell from him, and went back, and stood by the Jordan; and he struck the waters with Elijah’s fallen mantle, saying: where is the Lord God of Elijah? the smitten waters were divided in two; and Elisha crossed over. The Sons of the Prophets (Beney-hanN’biim, BeniNebiim) at Jericho across from him, said: Elijah’s spirit rests on Elisha; and they came and met him, and bowed to the ground. They said to him: please, let 50 strong men of yur servants from among us go search for yur master; perhaps the Lord’s Spirit has raptured or transported him, and thrown him on some mountain, or into some valley; but he replied: you must not send. They continued to urge him till he was ashamed; and said: send. The 50 men went and searched for 3 days but did not find him; so they returned and stayed at Jericho; and he told them: I told you not to go. The men of the city (Jericho) told Elisha: my lord sees that the city is pleasant, but the water is bad, and the land miscarries (unproductive): he replied: bring me a cruse, put salt in it; and they brought it to him; he went to the spring of the waters, and threw salt in it. and said: the Lord says, I have healed these waters to longer cause death or miscarriage; thus the waters were healed to this date (Isaiah’s time). From there (Jericho) he went to BethEl; while going on, some youths from the city mocked him, saying: go up (go on, go away), yu baldhead! go up, yu baldhead! he turned around and saw them, and cursed them in the Lord’s name. Then there came out two she-bears (female bears) from the woods (forest) and tore to pieces some 42 youths. From there (BethEl) he went to Mount Carmel, and then returned to Samaria Jehoram (Joram) benAhab (9th NK) commenced his reign over Israel in Samaria in the 18th year of King Jehoshaphat (4th SK) of Judah, and he reigned 12 years. He did evil in the Lord’s sight, but not like his father or mother; he removed the Baal Pillar his father made. But he continued in clinging to the sins of Jeroboam benNebat that caused Israel to sin. Now King Mesha of Moab was a sheep-master; and rendered to the King of Israel the wool of 100,000 lambs, and 100,000 rams; but after Ahab died he rebelled and refused. So King Jehoram left Samaria, and mustered Israel; and sent for King Jehoshaphat of Judah, saying: the King of Moab has rebelled against me; will yu go to battle with me against Moab; and he said: I will go; I am as yu, my people as yurs, and my horses as yurs. And he asked: which way will we go; and he answered, by the way of the wilderness of Edom. So the 3 Kings of Israel, Judah, and Edom went by a circuit of 7 days journey; but there was no water for the army, or for the animals that followed. The King of Israel said: the Lord has called these 3 Kings to deliver them into the hands of Moab. But Jehoshaphat said: is there prophet of the Lord to inquire from the Lord? One of Israel’s King’s servants answered: Elisha benShaphat is here, who poured water on the hands of Elijah. Jehoshaphat responded: the Lord’s word is with him. So the 3 Kings went to him; and Elisha said to the King of Israel: what have I do with yu? go to yur father’s and mother’s prophets! And Israel’s King answered: no! for the Lord has called these 3 Kings to deliver them into the hand of Moab. And Elisha said: as the Lord of Hosts lives, before whom I stand, where it not that I regard the presence (face) of King Jehoshaphat of Judah, I would not be toward yu, or see yu. Now bring me a minstrel; then the minstrel played, and the Lord’s hand came upon him; and he said: the Lord says: make this valley full of trenches; for the Lord says, you shall not see wind or rain; yet that valley shall be filled with water, and you shall drink, you and your cattle. This is a light thing in the Lord’s eyes; also he will deliver the Moabites into your hand; and you must strike the fortified cities, the choice cities, every good tree, and seal the water fountains, and mar the good pieces of land (lots) with stones. So in the morn, about the time of offering the oblation, that water came by the way of Edom, and the country was filled with water. When the Moabites heard that the Kings were come to fight against them, they all gathered who could bear arms, and went up and stood at the border. They rose early in the morn, the sun shone on the water, and the Moabites saw the water opposite them was red as blood; and they said: this is blood; the Kings are surely destroyed, and have beaten each other; now then, Moab, to the spoil. When they came into the camp of Israel, the Israelites arose and struck the Moabites, so that they fled before them; and they continued in the land striking the Moabites; just as the Lord instructed, up to Kir-hareseth, where they left the stones; yet the slingers went about it and struck it. The King of Moab saw the battle was against him, took 700 swordsmen, to break through to the King of Edom; but they could not. He then took his oldest son, the heir to the throne, and offered him as a burnt-offering on the wall. There was great rage against Israel: and they departed and returned to their home land.
(1st) A woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets cried to Elisha: yur servant, my husband, is dead; yu know that he feared the Lord: now the creditor is come to take my two children as servants (slaves). Elisha asked: how may I help yu; what is in yur house? she replied, I only have a pot of oil. He told her to go, borrow many empty containers from yur neighbors; then close yur door behind yu and yur sons; pour out into all the vessels, and set aside the full containers. So she went and did so; and after the last vessel she asked her sons for another container, but they said there is no more; so the oil stopped. She reported it to the Man of God; and he told her to sell the oil, pay her debt, and for her and her sons to live on the rest.
(2nd) Afterwards, Elisha went to Shunem, where was a great woman, who constrained him to eat bread; so whenever he passed by, he turned in to eat bread. Then she told her husband: I perceive this is a holy Man of God, that passes by continually; let us make a little chamber on the wall, and set in the room a bed, table, chair, candlestick; that whenever he visits he may stay there. So he visited again, and went into the room and rested. He said to his servant Gehazi: call this Shunammite; he called her, and she came and stood before him. Then he said to him to ask her: yu have been careful in caring for us; what can be done for yu? would yu be spoken of to the King, or general of the army? but she answered: I dwell among my own people. He said again to him: what is to be done for her? Gehazi answered: she has no son, and her husband is old. He told him to call her; when he called her, and she stood at the door. And he said to her: at this season next year, yu will embrace a son; but she responded: no my lord, Man of God, do not lie to yur handmaid! But the woman conceived, and gave birth to a son that season the next year; as Elisha said. Years later, when the child was older, the boy was with his father with the reapers (harvest time, Autumn); and he said to his father: my head hurts! so he said to his servant to carry him back to his mother; so he took him to her, and he sat on her knees till noon, then died. She took him up and laid him on the bed of the Man of God, then shut the door, and left; she called her husband and requested: send to me a servant and a donkey, that I may visit the Man of God and then return. And he answered: why must yu go to him today? it is not new moon or sabbath; she said, its ok, She saddled a donkey, and told her servant, drive fast; slow not down the riding, unless I tell yu! She went and came to the Man of God to Mount Carmel. The Man of God saw her at a distance, and he said to his servant Gehazi: there is the Shunamite; run to meet her, and ask: is it well with yu, with yur husband, and the child? she answered all is well. When she came to the Man of God to the hill, she grabbed his feet. Gehazi came to push her away, but the Man of God told him to leave her alone: her soul is vexed; and the Lord has hid it from me, and not told me. Then she said: did I desire a son from my lord? did I not say, do not deceive me? Then he told Gehazi to gird his loins, take his staff in hand, and go his way: if yu meet any man, greet him not; if any greet yu, do not respond: and place my staff on the face of the child. But the child’s mother said: as the Lord lives, and yur soul lives, I will not leave yu; so he arose and followed her. Gehazi arrived and did as instructed, placing it on the child’s face; but there was no response; so he returned to meet him, and said: the child is not awake (alive). But when Elisha came into the house, the child was dead on the bed; he went and shut the door, he and the child in the room; and he prayed to the Lord; then got up, laid on the child, his mouth on the child’s mouth, his eyes on the child’s eyes, his hands on the child’s hands; he stretched himself over him; and the child’s flesh became warm. Then he got up, walked about in the house; then again stretched himself over the child; and the child sneezed seven times, and the child opened his eyes. He called Gehazi, and said: call the Shunamite; so he called her; and she came to him; and he said: take yur son; but she went in and fell at his feet bowing; then she took her son and left.
(3rd) Then Elisha again visited Gilgal; there was a famine in the land; the sons of the prophets (prophetic sons, disciples) were sitting before him; and he said to his servant: set on the great pot, and boil pottage for the sons of the prophets. Someone went out to the field to gather herbs, and found a wild vine, and gathered from it wild gourds, a lap full, and returned, and shred them into the pot of pottage; but they did not know them (being non-edible). So they poured out the soup to eat; but as they were eating the pottage, they cried out: Man of God, there is death in the pot; and they could not eat. But he said: bring me some meal, and throw it into the pot; then he said: pour out for the people to eat; and there was no harm in the pot.
(4th) Now there came a man from BaalShalishah, and brought the Man of God bread of the first-fruits, 20 loaves of barley, and fresh ears (kernels) of grain in his sack; and he said: give to the people to eat. His servant replied: what, should I set this before 100 men? But he replied: give to the people to eat; for the Lord says: they shall eat and have leftovers! And so it was as the Lord’s word.
(5th) Naaman the captain (General) of the army of the King of Syria, he was a great man with his master, and honorable. for by him the Lord gave victory to Syria; he was a mighty man (valiant warrior) and a leper. Now the Syrians had gone out in bands (earlier), and had taken captive a little maiden (young girl); and she waited on Naaman’s wife. And she said to her mistress: wish that my lord were with the prophet who is in Samaria, for he would recover (heal) him of his leprosy. Someone went in and said to his Lord: thus spake the girl from the land of Israel. Then the King of Syria said: now go, I will send a letter to the King of Israel. So he departed, and took with him 10 talents of silver (c. 800 lbs; c. 1/2 million $), and 6,000 gold coins (=2 talents of shekels; c.150 lbs, c. 1/2 million $), and 10 changes of clothes (royal robes) (about 5,000-10,000 dollars total). And he delivered the letter to the King of Israel, saying: when this letter is given to yu, see, I have sent my servant Naaman to be healed of his leprosy. When the King of Israel read the letter, he tore his clothes, and said: am I God, to kill and resurrect, that this man does send to recover a man from his leprosy? but consider please to see he seeks a quarrel with me. When Elisha, the Man of God, heard that the King of Israel ripped his clothes, that he sent and asked why? let him come to me, and he shall know that there is a Prophet in Israel. So Naaman came with his horses and with his chariots, and stood at the door of Elisha’s house; Elisha sent a messenger to him, saying: go wash (dip) in the Jordan 7 times, and yur flesh will renew, and yu shall be clean. Naaman, in anger and rage, went away saying: I thought he would at least come out to me, and stand, and call on the name of the Lord his God, and wave his hand over the place, and recover the leper (leprosy). Are not the rivers of Damascus, Abanah and Pharpar, better than all the waters of Israel? could I not wash (dip) in them, and be clean? But his servants came near and spoke to him: my father, if the Prophet had bid yu to do some great thing, would yu not have done it? how much more when he says to wash (dip) and be clean. Then he went down and dipped 7 times in the Jordan as the Man of God instructed; and his flesh was renewed as of a little child, and he was clean. He returned with his company to the Man of God, and stood before him; and said: I now know that there is no God in all the earth, but in Israel; please take a present from yur servant. But he said: as the Lord lives, before Whom I stand, I will receive nothing. And he urged him to take it; but he refused. Naaman requested: please, let there be given to yur servant 2 mules’ burden of earth; for yur servant will hereafter not offer burnt-offering nor sacrifice to other gods, but only to the Lord. In this thing may the Lord forgive yur servant: when my master goes into Rimmon’s House to worship there, and he leans on my hand, and I bow myself in Rimmon’s House, the Lord pardon yur servant. He replied: go in peace. He left at a short distance; and Gehazi, servant to Elisha the Man of God, said: my master has spared Naaman the Syrian by not receiving from his hands what has brought; as the Lord lives, I will run after him and take something from him. He pursued, and Naaman saw him, and stepped down from his chariot to meet him, and asked if all was well. He said all is well; my master has sent me, saying: just now has arrived from the hill-country of Ephraim two young men of the Sons of the Prophets; please, give a talent of silver (1/10) and 2 changes of clothes (1/2). Naaman answered: please, take 2 talents; and he bound 2 talents of silver in 2 bags, with 2 changes of clothes, and laid them on 2 of his servants; and they carried them. When they came to the hill, he took them from their hand, and put them in the house; and he let the men return. Then he went in and stood before his master; and Elisha said: Where have you come from Gehazi? he said: yur servant didn’t go anywhere. And he said: did not my heart go when the man left his chariot to meet yu? Is it a time to receive money, garments, oliveyards, vineyards, sheep, oxen, men-servants, and maid-servants? Therefore Naaman’s leprosy shall cling to yu and to yur seed forever. And he went out from his presence a leper, snow-white.
(6th) Now the Sons of the Prophets said to Elisha: this place we are staying is too narrow for us; let us go across the Jordan, taking each man a log to build us a place there to live. He answered them: go; but someone said: please go with yur servants; he answered: I’ll go; so he went. When they came to the Jordan, they cut down wood; but as one was felling the log, the axe-head fell into water; and he shouted: oh no, my master! it was borrowed. And the Man of God asked: where did it fall? and he showed him the place; and he cut down a stick, and threw it in, and made the iron to swim; and he said: take it out; so he put his hand out and took it.
(7th) Now the King of Syria warred against Israel; and he counseled with his servants: in such a place will be my camp. The Man of God sent to the King of Israel, saying: beware not to pass such a place; for there the Syrians are coming down. So the King of Israel sent to the place warned of by the Man of God; thus saved himself 3 times. The King of Syria’s heart was very troubled about this; so he asked his servants to tell him who was for the King of Israel? One of his servants said: not so, my Lord King, but Elisha the Prophet in Israel relates yur words spoken in the bedroom to the King of Israel. He told them to go see where he is, and bring him; and he was told that he resides at Dothan. So he sent horses, chariots, and a great host; which came by night and surrounded the city. The servant of the Man of God rose early and went outside, and saw the host with horses and chariots surrounded the city; then said to him: Master, what shall we do? But he answered him: fear not; for more are with us than with them. So Elisha prayed: Lord, please open his eyes to see. The Lord opened the eyes of the young man; and he saw the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire all around Elisha. And when they came down to him, Elisha asked the Lord: please strike these people with blindness; so He did according to Elisha’s word. Then Elisha said: this is not the way or the city; follow me; I will bring you to the man you seek; thus he led them to Samaria. Then Elisha prayed again: Lord, open the eyes of these men to see; and He again did so; and they saw that they were in Samaria. The King of Israel saw them and asked Elisha: my father, shall I strike them? shall I strike them? But he answered: yu must not strike them; would yu strike yur captives taken by yur sword and bow? set bread before them to eat and drink, and then return to their master. Thus he prepared a great provision for them; and after they ate and drank, he sent them away to their master. Thus the bands of Syria no longer raided the land of Israel.
(8th) After this, BenHadad King of Syria gathered his army, and went up and besieged Samaria. There was a great famine in Samaria when it was besieged; so that a donkey’s head sold for 80 silver-pieces (a horse was sold before for 150 silver-pieces, and 1/4th kab of dove’s dung (used as fertilizer in ordinary times, and often contained undigested grain or seeds) for 5 silver pieces (30 pieces of silver bought a slave; and a silver shekel worth 4 drachmas or dinars, or about a week’s wage of a poor laborer; thus kab=quart, 1/4th kab=2handfulls or 2 cups). Then as the King of Israel was passing by on the wall, a woman shouted to him: help, my lord O King. The King replied: if the Lord does not help yu, whence shall I help yu? from the threshingfloor? from the winepress? And the King asked: what troubles yu? she answered: this woman told me to give her my son to eat him today, then we will eat my son tomorrow. So we boiled and ate my son; the next day I demanded her to give yur son to be eaten; but she has hid her son. When the King heard the words of the woman; he tore his clothes (while he was passing on the wall); and the people saw him with sackcloth over his flesh. He then said: God do more to me if the head of Elisha benShaphat shall remain on him this day! But Elisha was sitting in his house, the Elders sitting with him; and he sent a man from him: but before the messenger came to him, he told the Elders: you see how this son of a murderer has sent to take away my head? Look, when the messenger arrives, shut and bolt the door behind him: is not the sound of his master’s feet behind him? So while he was still talking to them, the messenger arrived: so he said: this evil is of the Lord; why should I wait any longer for the Lord?
Thus Elisha said: Listen to the Lord’s word: the Lord says: tomorrow about this time shall a measure of fine flour before a shekel, and two measures of barely for a shekel (shekel= a week’s wages), in the gate of Samaria. Then the captain on whose hand the King leaned answered the Man of God: if the Lord should make windows in heaven, will this happen? But he replied: yu will see it with yur own eyes, but will not eat of it. Now there were 4 leprous men at the entrance of the gate; and they said to one another: why sit we here till we die? If we say, we will enter the city, the famine in it will be our death; if we stay here we will also die. Let us fall to the host of the Syrians; if they spare us, we’ll live; if they slay us, we will but die. They arose at twilight to go to the camp of the Syrians; but when they reached the utmost fringe of the Syrians’ camp, they found no man. For the Lord had made the host of the Syrians to hear a noise of chariots, and noise of horses, as the noise of a great host; and they said: the King of Israel has hired against us the Kings of the Hittites and Egyptians to come upon us. So they arose and fled in the twilight, leaving their tents, horses, donkeys, even the camp as it was, and fled for their life. So when these lepers came to the outskirts of the camp, they went into one tent, and ate and drank, and took thence silver, gold, and raiment, and went and hid it; then they came back, entered another tent, and did likewise. But then they said: we do not do well; this day is a day of good news, and we keep quiet: if we stay till morning light, punishment will overtake us; so let us go tell the King’s household. So they came and called to the porter of the city; saying: we came to the Syrians’ camp, and there is no man (no human voice), but the horses and donkeys are tied, and the tents as they were; and he called the porters; and they related it to the King’s household inside. So the King arose in the night, and said to his servants: I will show you what the Syrians have done to us: they know we are hungry; so they deserted the camp to hide themselves in the field, saying: when they leave the city we shall take them alive, and take the city. But one of his servants answered: please permit some of us to take 5 horses that are left in the city (since they are like the population of Israel already consumed); and let us send and see. Thus they took 2 chariots with horses; and the King sent them after the host of the Syrians to go see. So they travelled to Jordan; and along the way were garments and vessels, which the Syrians had thrown away in haste. So the messengers returned and told the King. So the people went out and plundered the camp of the Syrians. Thus a measure of fine flour was sold for a shekel, and two measures of barely for a shekel, according to the Lord’s word. And the King appointed the captain on whose hand he leaned to be in charge of the gate: and the people trod over him at the gate, and he died as the Man of God had said before the King at the gate of Samaria, for his response of unbelief.
(9th) Now Elisha told the woman whose son he had raised to life: go take yur family to stay somewhere else: for the Lord has called for a famine in the land for 7 years. The woman obeyed the Lord’s word by the Man of God, she and her family stayed in the land of the Philistines for 7 years. After 7 years the woman returned from the land of the Philistines; then she went to plead to the King for her house and land. The King was talking with Gehazi the servant of the Man of God, saying: tell me, please, all the great things that Elisha has done. While he told the King how he raised to life the dead boy, the woman of the restored boy pleaded with the King for her house and land. And Gehazi told the King: my Lord King, this is the woman and her son who Elisha restored to life. When the King asked her she told him; so he appointed an officer for her, saying: restore all that was hers, and the fruits of the field since the day she left the land till now.
(10th) Then Elisha came to Damascus; and BenHadad the King of Syria was sick; and they told him that the Man of God was here. So the King told Hazael to take a present in hand, and go meet the Man of God, and inquire of the Lord by him, if I shall recover from this sickness? Hazael went to meet him, with a gift of the best of Damascus: 40 camel’ burden (c. 250 lbs x 40 = 10,000 lbs), and came and stood before him, and said: yur son BenHadad King of Syria has sent me to yu, saying: shall I recover from this sickness? Elisha told him to return and tell him yu will surely recover; however the Lord has shown me that he will indeed die. But he settled his face fixed till he was embarrassed: and the Man of God wept. Hazael asked why my lord cried? he replied: because I know the evil that yu will do to the children of Israel: their strongholds will yu set on fire, and their young men yu’ll slay with the sword, and will dash in pieces their little ones, and rip up their pregnant women. But Hazael responded: what is yur servant but a dog, that he should do such a great thing? And Elisha answered: the Lord has shown me yu will be King over Syria. Then he departed from Elisha and returned to his master; who asked him: what did Elisha tell yu? he answered: he said yu would surely recover. But in the morning, he took the coverlet, and dipped it in water, and spread it on his face, till he died: thus Hazael reigned in his place.
In the 5th year of Joram benAhab King of Israel (9th NK), Jehoshaphat being King of Judah (4th SK), Jehoram benJehoshaphat King of Judah (5th SK) commenced to rule; Jehoram benJehoshaphat was 32 years old when he commence to rule: and he reigned 8 years in Jerusalem. He walked in the way of the Kings of Israel, as did the House of Ahab: for he had the daughter of Ahab as wife; and he did what was evil in the Lord’s sight. But the Lord would not destroy Judah, for His servant David’s sake, as He promised him to give him a lamp for his children always. In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a King for themselves. Then Joram (Jehoram) passed over to Zair with all his chariots; and arose by night and struck the Edomites that surrounded him, and the captains of the chariots; and the people fled to their tents. So Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah to this day; at the same time Libnah also revolted. Now the rest of the Acts and Deeds of Joram (Jehoram), are written in the Book of the Chronicles of Judah’s Kings. So Joram (Jehoram) (5th NK) died and was buried with his fathers in David’s City; and Ahaziah (6th NK. a) his son ruled in his place.
In the 12th year of King Joram benAhab (9th NK) of Israel did King Ahaziah benJehoram (6th SK. a) of Judah commence to rule; Ahaziah was 22 years old when he commence to rule; and he reigned 1 year in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was Athaliah bathOmri (6th SK. b) King of Israel. He walked in the way of Ahab’s House, doing evil in the Lord’s eyes, as did the House of Ahab; for he was the son-in-law of the House of Ahab (by Ahab’s daughter). Thus he went with Joram benAhab to war against Hazael King of Syria at RamothGilead: and the Syrians wounded Joram. So King Joram returned to be healed in Jezreel from the wounds inflicted by the Syrians at Ramah, when he fought against Hazael King of Syria. Then Ahazaiah benJehoram (6th SK. a) King of Judah went down to see Joram benAhab in Jezreel, because he was sick.
And Elisha the Prophet called one of the Sons of the Prophets (prophetic sons, disciples), and said: gird yur loins, and take this vial of oil in hand, and go to RamothGilead. And when yu arrive, find Jehu benJehoshaphat benNimshi (10th NK), enter and make him arise from his brothers, then take him into an inner chamber. Take the vial of oil and pour it on his head, and say: thus says the Lord: I have anointed yu King over Israel. Then open the door and flee without delay. So the young prophet went to RamothGilead. When he arrived, the captains of the army were sitting; and he said: I have an errand to yu captain. And Jehu asked: which one of us? and he answered: yu, captain. So he arose and went into the house; then he poured the oil on his head, and said: the Lord God of Israel says: I have anointed yu King over the Lord’s people Israel. And yu shall strike the House of Ahab yur master, that I may avenge the blood of my servants the prophets, and the blood of all the Lord’s servants, at the hand of Jezebel. For the whole House of Ahab shall perish; and I will cut off from Ahab every man-child, the one shut up and the one at large in Israel. I will make Ahab’s House like Jeroboam benNebat’s House, and like Baasha benAhijah’s House. The dogs shall eat Jezebel in the area of Jezreel, and there shall be none to bury her. So he opened the door and fled. Then Jehu came out to his lord’s servants: someone asked: is it well? why did this madman come to yu He said: yu know the man and his kind of talk. They said: it is false; tell us now; and he said: this is what he told me: the Lord says: I have anointed yu King over Israel. Then they hasted, and took each man his garment, and put it under him on the top of the stairs, and blew the trumpet, saying: Jehu is King! So Jehu benJehoshaphat benNimshi (10th NK) conspired against Joram (Joram was guarding RamothGilead, he and all Israel, because of Hazael King of Syria; for Joram had returned to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds which the Syrians had inflicted, when he fought with Hazael King of Syria.) Now Jehu said: if this is your mind, let no one escape to leave the city to go tell it in Jezreel. So Jehu rode in a chariot to Jezreel to Joram; when King Ahazaiah of Judah came to visit Joram. The watchman was standing on the tower in Jezreel, and spied the company of Jehu as he came, and said: I see a company. Joram said: get and send a horseman to meet him, saying: is it peace? One went on horseback to meet him, and said: the King says: is it peace? Jehu said: what have yu to do with peace? turn and follow me? The watchman reported: the messenger met them, but isn’t returning. A second rider went to him and said the same; and Jehu replied as before; and the watch likewise reported it; and added: the driving is like Jehu benNimshi; for he drives furiously. So Joram said: make ready; and they made ready his chariot. And King Joram of Israel and King Ahaziah of Judah went out, each in his chariot, to meet Jehu, and found him in the area of Naboth the Jezreelite. When Joram saw Jehu, he said: is it peace, Jehu? but he answered: what peace, as long as the whoredoms of yur mother Jezebel and her witchcrafts are so many? So Joram turned his hands, and fled, and said to Ahaziah: there is treachery, Ahaziah! Jehu drew his bow with his full strength, and struck Joram between his arms; and the arrow went out at his heart, and he sunk down in his chariot. Then he said to Bidkar his captain: take up, and throw him in the area of the field of Naboth the Jezreelite; for remember when I and yu rode together after Ahab his father, the Lord laid this burden upon him: surely, I have seen yesterday the blood of Naboth, and the blood of his sons, says the Lord; and I will requite yu in this place, says the Lord. And King Ahaziah of Judah saw it and fled by way of the garden-house; but Jehu pursued him, and said: strike him also in his chariot; there in the ascent of Gur, by Ibleam; but he fled to Megiddo, and died there. And his servants carried him in a chariot to Jerusalem, and buried him in his sepulchre beside his forefathers in David’s City.
Now in the 11th year of Joram benAhab (9th NK) began to rule Ahaziah (6th SK. a) over Judah.
So when Jehu (10th NK) came to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of it; and she painted her eyes, and attired her head, and looked out thru the window. As Jehu entered in at the gate, she said: is it peace Zimri, yur master’s murderer? And he lifted up his face toward the window and asked? who is on my side? who? Two or three eunuchs looked out to him. And he said: throw her down; so they threw her out the window; and some of her blood splashed on the wall, and on the horses: and he trodden her under foot. And after he came in, he ate and drank; then said: see to this cursed woman, and bury her; for she is a King’s daughter. So they went to bury her; but found nothing of her than the skull, feet, and palms of her hands. So they returned and reported; and he responded: this is the Lord’s word which He spoke by his servant Elijah the Tishbite, saying: in the parcel of Jezreel shall the dogs eat the flesh of Jezebel; and the body of Jezebel shall be as dung upon the face of the field in the parcel of Jezreel, so that they shall not say: this is Jezebel.
Ahab had 70 sons in Samaria; and Jehu wrote letters, and sent to Samaria, to the rulers of Jezreel, the elders, and to those brought up Ahab’s [sons], saying: As soon as this letter comes, your master’s sons being with you, and you have chariots, horses, and a fortified city, with armor; so take the best and fittest of your master’s sons and set him on his father’s throne, and fight for your master’s House. In great fear they said: two Kings could not withstand him; how shall we? So the head over the household, and the chief over the city, and the elders, and the guardians, sent to Jehu, saying: we are yur servants, and will do all that yu bid; we will not make a King: do what is best to yu. Then he wrote a 2nd letter: if you are on my side, and will listen to my voice, bring to me to Jezreel the heads of the men, your master’s sons, by this time tomorrow (the King’s sons were 70, raised by the great men of the city). When the letter came they took and slew the 70 sons of the King, and put their heads in baskets, and sent them to Jezreel. A messenger reported to him: they brought the heads of the King’s sons; and he said: lay them in two heaps at the entrance of the gate till morning. In the morn he went out and stood, and said to the people: you are righteous: I conspired against my master, and slew him; but who smote all these? Know now that nothing shall fall to the earth of all the Lord’s word, concerning the House of Ahab: for the Lord has done what He spoke by His servant Elijah. So Jehu smote all the rest of the House of Ahab in Jezreel, and his great men, and familiar friends, and priests, till none remained. Then he rose and departed to Samaria; and as he was at the shearing-house of the shepherds in the way, Jehu met the brothers of King Ahaziah of Judah, and said: who are you? they answered: Ahaziah’s brothers; and we go down to greet the children of the King and Queen. He said: take them alive; and they took and slew them at the pit of the sheering-house, all 42 men; none was left. When he departed there, he met Jehonadab benRechab coming to meet him; and he greeted him: is yur heart right, as my heart to yur heart? Jehonadab answered: it is; if so, give me yur hand; and he gave him his hand; and he took him up in to the chariot; and he said: come with me, and see my zeal for the Lord; so he rode in his chariot. When he came to Samaria he struck the rest of those of Ahab in Samaria, till he destroyed him, according to the Lord’s word, which He spoke by Elijah. And Jehu gathered the people and said: Ahab served Baal a little; but Jehu will serve him much. Call to me the prophets of Baal, all his worshippers and priests, let none be lacking: for I have a great sacrifice to Baal; anyone not present shall not live. But Jehu was subtle, intending to destroy Baal’s worshipers. Jehu said: sanctify a solemn assembly for Baal; and they proclaimed it. Jehu sent throughout Israel: and Baal’s worshipers came, every one of them; they came into Baal’s House and filled it completely. And he said to the vestry overseer: bring out vestments for all Baal’s worshipers; and he did it. Jehu and Jehonadab benRechab went into Baal’s House (Temple); and he told them to search that not one of the Lord’s servants are with Baal’s worshipers. So they went in to offer sacrifices and burnt-offerings. Jehu had appointed 80 men outside, and said: if any of the men whom I bring into your hands escape, his life shall be for his life. So when he ended the offering the burnt-offering, Jehu said to the guard and captains: go in, and slay them; let none survive; so they struck them with the edge of the sword; and the guard and captains threw them outside, and went to the city of Baal’s House. And they brought out the Pillars of Baal’s House and burnt them; they broke down Baal’s Pillar and House, and made it a draught-house, to this day. Thus Jehu destroyed Baal out of Israel.
However from the sins of Jeroboam benNebat, who made Israel to sin, Jehu departed not from following them: the golden calves in BethEl and in Dan. The Lord said to Jehu: because yu have done well in what was right in my sight, and has done to Ahab’s House what was in My heart, yur sons to the 4th generation shall sit on Israel’s throne. But Jehu took no heed to walk heartily in the Lord’s law, Israel’s God: he departed not from Jeroboam’s sins, who made Israel to sin. In those days the Lord began to cut off from Israel: and Hazael smote them in all the borders of Israel; from the Jordan eastward, all the land of Gilead, the Gadites, and the Reubenites, and the Manassites, from Aroer, which is by the valley of the Arnon, even Gilead and Bashan. Now the rest of the Acts and Works and Power of Jehu, are written in the Book of the Chronicles of Israel’s Kings. So Jehu (10th NK) rested with his forefathers; and was buried in Samaria; and his son Jehoahaz (11th NK) reigned in his place; the time Jehu (10th NK) ruled over Israel in Samaria was 28 years.
Athaliah (6th SK. b), Ahaziah’s (6th SK. a) mother, saw her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal (heirs to the throne). Jehosheba, King Joram’s daughter, Ahaziah’s sister, took Joash (7th SK), Ahaziah’s son, and hid him from among the King’s sons who were slain, both him and his nurse, inside the bedchamber; hid from Athaliah, so he was not slain; and he was hid with her in the Lord’s House 6 years. Athaliah (6th SK. b) reigned over the land. In the 7th year Jehoiada sent and fetched the Captains Over Hundreds of the Carites and of the Guard, and brought them to him into the Lord’s House; and covenanted with them, and took their oath in the Lord’s House, and showed them the King’s son. He commanded them: this you shall do: a third of part of you, that come in on the sabbath, shall be keepers of the watch of the King’s House; and a 1/3rd shall be at the Gate Sur; and 1/3rd at the Gate behind the Guard: so shall you keep the watch of the House, and be a barrier. Your two companies, going out on the sabbath, shall keep watch of the Lord’s House for the King; encompassing the King, with weapons in hand; and any who comes within the ranks to be slain: and be with the King when he goes out or comes in. The Hundreds Captains did as the priest Jehoiada commanded; they took each man his men, those to come in on the sabbath, and those to go out on sabbath, and they came to the priest Jehoiada. The priest delivered to the Hundred Captains the spears and shields of King David’s, which were in the Lord’s House. The guard stood, each man with weapons in hand, from the right side of the House to the left side, along by the altar and the House, by the King round about. He brought out the King’s son, put the crown on him, and the testimony; they made him King, and anointed him; they clapped their hands, and said: the King lives! Athaliah heard the noise of the guard, and the people, and she came to the people into the Lord’s House: and she looked, and saw the King stood by the pillar, as the manner was, and the captains and trumpets by the King; and the people of the land rejoiced, and blew trumpets. Athaliah ripped her clothes, and shouted: treason! treason! And Jehoiada the priest commanded the captains of hundreds that were set over the host, and said: take her out between the ranks; and he who follows her slay with the sword; for the priest said: let her not be slain in the Lord’s House. So they made way for her; and she went by the way of the horses’ entry to the King’s House: and there was she slain. Jehoiada made a covenant between the Lord and the King and the people, that they should be the Lord’s people; between the King also and the people. The people of the land went to the House of Baal, and broke it down; his altars and images they broke thoroughly in pieces, and slew Mattan the priest of Baal before the altars. And the priest appointed officers over the Lord’s House. And he took the Captains over hundreds, and the Carites, and the guard, and the people of the land; and brought down the King from the Lord’s House. And he sat on the throne of the Kings. So the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was quiet; and Athaliah (6th SK. b) they had slain with the sword at the King’s House.
Jehoash (7th SK) was 7 years old when he began to reign. In the 7th year of Jehu (10th NK); he reigned 40 years in Jerusalem; his mother was Zibiah of Beer-sheba; he did right in the Lord’s sight all the days wherein Jehoiada instructed him; yet the high places were not removed; the people still sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places. Jehoash said to the priests: the money of the hallowed things brought into the Lord’s House, in current money, the money for each man so rated, and money of any man’s heart to bring into the Lord’s House; let the priests take it, each from his acquaintance; to repair the breaches of the House, wherever found. Yet, by the 23rd year of King Jehoash the priests had not repaired the breaches of the House. The priests consented to take no money from the people, nor to repair the breaches of the House. So Jehoiada the priest took a chest, bored a hole in the lid of it, and set it beside the altar, on the right side as one comes into the Lord’s House: and the priests that guarded the threshold put in it the money brought into the Lord’s House. When they saw much money in the chest, the King’s scribe and the High Priest came up, they put it in bags and counted the money found in the Lord’s House. They gave the weighed money into the hands of the workers, that had the oversight of the Lord’s House: and they paid it out to the carpenters and builders, who worked on the Lord’s House, and to the masons and hewers of stone, and for buying timber and hewn stone to repair the breaches of the Lord’s House, and for all that was laid out for the repair of the House. But there was not made for the Lord’s House silver cups, snuffers, basins, trumpets, gold vessels, silver vessels, from the money brought into the Lord’s House. Thus they reckoned not with the workers to whom they delivered the money: for they dealt faithfully. The money for the trespass-offerings, and for sin-offerings, was not brought into the Lord’s House: it was the priests’. Then King Hazael of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it; and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem. And King Jehoash of Judah took all the hallowed things that Jehoshaphat and Jehoram and Azariah, Kings of Judah, had dedicated, and his own hallowed things, and the gold found in the treasures of the Lord’s House, and of the King’s House, and sent it to King Hazael of Syria: and he went away from Jerusalem. Now the rest of the Acts of Joash, and his Works, are written in the Book of the Chronicles of Judah’s Kings. And his servants arose, and made a conspiracy, and smote Joash in the House of Milo which goes down to Silla. For Jozacar benShimeath, and Jehozabad benShomer, his servants, smote him, and he died; they buried him with his forefathers in the City of David: and Amaziah (8th SK) his son reigned in his place.
In the 23rd of King Joash (7th SK) benAhaziah of Judah, Jehoahaz benJehu (11th NK) began to reign over Israel in Samaria, for 17 years; he did evil in the Lord’s sight, he followed the sins of Jeroboam benNebat, who made Israel to sin; he departed not thence. The Lord’s anger was kindled against Israel, and He delivered them into the hand of King Hazael of Syria, and of BenHadad benHazael, continually. Then Jehoahaz sought the Lord, and the Lord listened to him; for He saw the oppression of Israel, how the King of Syria oppressed them. (And the Lord gave Israel a savior, that they went out from under the hand of the Syrians; and the children of Israel dwelt in their tents as beforetime. Yet they departed not from the sins of the House of Jeroboam, who made Israel to sin, but walked therein: and there remained the Asherah also in Samaria.) For he left nothing to Jehoahaz, and all his Deeds and Power, are written in the Book of the Chronicles of Israel’s Kings. Jehoahaz (11th NK) slept with his forefathers; they buried him in Samaria: and Joash (12th NK) his son reigned in his place.
Elisha became deathly sick; King Joash of Israel (7th NK) visited him, weeping over him: my father, my father, the chariots of Israel and their horsemen! Elisha said to him: take bow and arrows; and he did. He said to the King of Israel: put yur hand on the bow; and he did; and Elisha laid his hands on the King’s hands. He said: open the window eastward; and he did. Elisha said: shoot; and he did. He said: the Lord’s arrow of victory over Syria; for yu shall strike the Syrians in Aphek, till yu have consumed them. Elisha died, and they buried him. The Moabites’ bands invaded the land in the beginning of the year, and while they were burying a man, they spied a band, so they threw the man into Elisha’s sepulchre: but as soon as the man’s bones touched Elisha’s bones, he revived and stood up on his feet. Now King Hazael of Syria oppressed Israel all the days of Jehoahaz; yet the Lord was gracious to them with compassion and regard, because of His covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, unwilling to destroy them, nor yet to cast them from his presence. King Hazael of Syria died; and his son Benhadad reigned in his place. Jehoash benJehoahz again took from the hand of Benhadad benHazael the cities which he had taken by his hand from his father Jehoahaz by war; three times he struck him and thus recovered the cities of Israel.
In the 2nd year of King Joash benJohaz (12th NK) of Israel, King Amaziah benJoash (8th SK) of Judah, began to reign; he was 25 years of age when he commenced to rule; he ruled 29 years in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was Jehoaddin of Jerusalem. He did what was right in the Lord’s eyes, but unlike his forefather David; but did according to the deeds of his father Joash. Yet the high places were not removed: the people still sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places. After the kingdom was established in his hand, he slew his servants who had slain his father the King: but the children of the murderers he put not to death; according to what was written in Moses’ law book, as the Lord commanded: fathers shall not be put to death for the children, nor children for the fathers; but each one shall die for his own sin. He slew of Edom in the Valley of Salt 10,000, and took Sela by war, and renamed it Joktheel, to this day (time of Ezra). Then Amaziah sent messengers to King Jehoash benJehoahaz benJehu (12th NK), of Israel, saying, come, let us look face to face. But King Jehoash of Israel replied to King Amaziah of Judah: the thistle in Lebanon sent to the cedar in Lebanon: give yur daughter to my son to marry: but a wild beast in Lebanon passed by and trampled the thistle. Yu have smitten Edom, and yur heart has lifted yu up: glory in that, stay at home: why should yu meddle to ruin, and to fall, yu and Judah with yu? Amaziah listened not; so King Jehoash of Israel went up; they faced each other at BethShemesh of Judah. Judah was routed by Israel, so each man fled to his tent. King Jehoash of Israel took the King of Judah, Amaziah benJehoash benAhaziah, at BethShemesh, and came to Jerusalem, and broke down the wall of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim to the corner gate, some 400 cbts (600 ft). He then took all the gold and silver, and all the vessels found in the Lord’s House, and in the treasures of the King’s House, and the hostages, and returned to Samaria. Now the rest of the Acts and Power of Jehoash, and his fight with King Amaziah of Judah, are recorded in the Book of Chronicles of Israel’s Kings. Jehoash slept with his forefathers and was buried in Samaria with Israel’s Kings; and his son Jeroboam (2nd, 10th NK) reigned in his place. King Amaziah benJoash (8th SK) of Judah lived after the death of Jehoash benJehoahaz (12th NK) King of Israel 15 years. The rest of the Acts of Amaziah are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Judah’s Kings. They conspired against him at Jerusalem; and he fled to Lachish: but they sent after him to Lachish, and there slew him; and brought him on horses, and buried him in Jerusalem, alongside his forefathers in the City of David. All the people of Judah took Azariah (Uzziah, 10th SK), only 16 years old, and made him King in place of his father Amaziah. He built Elath, he restored it to Judah; then afterwards he slept with his forefathers.
In the 15th year of King Amaziah benJoash (9th SK) of Judah, King Jeroboam benJoash (II, 13th NK) of Israel commenced his rule in Samaria, and ruled 41 years. He did evil in the Lord’s sight: he departed not from all the sins of Jeroboam benNebat, who caused Israel to sin. He restored the border of Israel from the entrance of Hamath to the Sea of Arabah, according to the word of the Lord God of Israel, Who spoke by His servant the prophet Jonah benAmittai of GathHepher. The Lord saw Israel’s affliction, it was very bitter, there was none to shut up nor left at large, and no helper for Israel. The Lord said He would not blot out the name of Israel from under heaven; but He saved them by the hand of Jeroboam benJoash. The rest of the Acts and Works and Power of Jeroboam, and Wars, and how he recovered Damascus and Hamath from Judah, for Israel, are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Israel’s Kings. Jeroboam (II, 13th NK) slept with his forefathers, the Kings of Israel; and Zechariah (14th NK) his son ruled in his place.
In the 27th year of King Jeroboam (II, 13th NK) of Israel began King Azariah (Uzziah) benAmaziah (9th SK) of Judah to rule; at 16 years of age, ruling for 52 years in Jerusalem, his mother’s name was Jecoliah of Jerusalem; he did what was right in the Lord’s sight, as did his father Amaziah. The High Places were not removed; and the people still sacrificed and burnt incense in them. The Lord struck the King, so he was a leper till his death; and he lived in a separate house. The King’s son Jotham was over the household, judging the people of the land. The rest of the Acts and Works are written in the Chronicles of Judah’s Kings. Azariah slept and was buried in the City of David with his forefathers; and his son Jotham (10th SK) reigned in his place.
In the 38th year of King Azariah (Uzziah, 9th SK) of Judah, Zechariah benJeroboam (14th NK) ruled Israel in Samaria 6 months: he did evil, as his father, in the Lord’s sight; he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam benNebat, by which he made Israel to sin. Shallum benJabesh (15th NK) conspired and killed him before the people and ruled in his place. Zechariah’s Acts are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Israel’s Kings. This fulfilled the Lord’s word to Jehu that his sons to the 4th generation should sit on Israel’s throne. Shallum benJabesh ruled 1 month in Samaria in the 39th year of King Uzziah (Azariah) of Judah: Menahem benGadi (16th NK) from Tirzah came to Samaria and slew him and ruled in his place. Shallum’s Acts and Conspiracy are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Israel’s Kings. Menahem struck all Tiphsah and its borders from Tirzah because they refused his entrance and he ripped open the pregnant women.
In the 39th year of King Azariah (Uzziah, 9th SK) of Judah, Menahem benGadi (16th NK) commenced his rule over Israel, for 10 years in Samaria. He did evil in the Lord’s sight: he followed the sins of Jeroboam benNebat in Israel’s sin. King Pul of Assyria came against the land, and Menahem gave him 1,000 silver talents to help him confirm the kingdom; he exacted the money from Israel from the wealthy, by 50 silver shekels each, for the King of Assyria; and he withdrew from Israel. Menahem Acts and Works are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Israel’s Kings; he died and his son Pekahiah (17th NK) ruled in his place.
In the 50th year of King Azariah (Uzziah, 9th SK) of Judah, Pekahiah benMenahem (17th NK) commenced rule over Israel in Samaria, for 2 years. He did evil in the Lord’s sight, not departing from the sins of Jeroboam benNebat in Israel’s sin. His captain Pekah benRemaliah (18th NK) conspired and killed him in Samaria, in the castle of the King’s House, with Argob and Arieh, with 50 men of the Gileadites, and ruled in his place. Pekahiah Acts and Works are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Israel’s Kings.
In the 52nd year of King Azariah (9th SK) of Judah, Pekah benRemaliah (18th NK) commenced rule over Israel in Samaria, for 20 years: he did evil in the Lord’s sight, not departing from the sins of Jeroboam benNebat in Israel’s sin. King Tiglath-pileser of Assyria took Ijon, Abel-beth-maacah, Janoah, Kedesh, Hazor, Gilead, Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria. Hoshea benElah (19th NK) conspired against him and killed him and ruled in his place, in the 20th year of Jotham benUzziah (10th SK). Pekah’s Acts and Works are recorded in the Books of the Chronicles of Israel’s Kings.
In the 2nd year of King Peka benRemaliah (18th NK) of Israel, King Jotham benUzziah (10th SK) of Judah commenced his rule; he was 25 years old and ruled for 16 years in Jerusalem; his mother’s name was Jerusha bathZadok. He did good in the Lord’s sight as his father Uzziah had done; but the high-places were not removed, the people sacrificed and burned incense on them; but he did build (rebuild) the upper gate of the Lord’s House. Jotham’s Acts and Works are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Judah’s Kings. The Lord began to send against Judah King Rezin of Syria and Pekah benRemaliah; he died, and his son Ahaz (11th SK) ruled in his place.
In the 17th year of Pekah benRemaliah (18th NK), King Ahaz benJotham (11th SK) of Judah commenced to rule; he was 20 years old, he ruled 16 years (d.36); he did wrong in the Lord his God’s sight, unlike his forefather David; but he walked in the way of the Kings of Israel, and made his son pass through the fire after the abominations of the nations (Gentiles, Goiim), forced out before children of Israel; he sacrificed and burnt incense in the high-places, on the hills , and under every green tree. King Rezin of Syria and King Pekah benRemaliah came to war against Jerusalem, they besieged Ahaz but did prevail; but Rezin did recover Elath to Syria and drove out its Jews, and the Syrians dwelt there to this day (time of Ezra). Ahaz sent messengers (angels) to King Tilath-pileser of Assyria, as a servant and son, to be saved from the Kings of Syria and Israel; he sent the silver and gold of the Lord’s House, and the treasures of the King’s House, as gift to Assyria’s King; he accepted, and sacked Damascus, took captives to Kir, and killed Rezin. Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglath-pileser, and he saw the Damascus Altar, so he sent to Urijah the Priest its pattern and features, and he built it to the King’s description ready for his return; when he saw it, he offered upon it with burnt-offering, meal-offering, drink-offering, and peace-offerings. The brazen altar, which was before the Lord, in the forefront of the House, between his Altar and the Lord’s House, and put it on north side of his Altar. King Ahaz commanded the Priest Urijah that on the Great Altar to burn the morning burnt-offering, the evening meal-offering, the King’s burnt-offering, his meal-offering, the people’s offerings, but the brazen altar shall be for him to inquire by; so, did priest and king. Ahaz cut off the panels of the bases, removed the laver from off them, took down the sea from off the brazen oxen under it, and put it on a stone pavement; the covered way for the sabbath built in the House. And the King’s entry outside, he turned to the Lord’s House, because the King of Assyria. Ahaz’s Acts and Works are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Judah’s Kings; he died, was buried in the City of David; and his son Hezekiah (12th SK) ruled in his place.
In the 12th year of King Ahaz (11th SK) of Judah, Hoshea benElah (19th NK) commenced to rule in Samaria over Israel, for 9 years. He did evil in the Lord’s sight, but not as the previous kings of Israel; King Shalmaneser of Assyria came against him; and Hoshea became his servant and paid tribute; but he found out he conspired against him with King So of Egypt and stopped the yearly tribute to Assyria’s King; he arrested and imprisoned him. He then invaded the land, and Samaria, and besieged it 3 years; in the 9th year of Hoshea he captured Samaria and carried Israel away to Assyria to Hala, and on the river Habor of Gozan, and in the cites of the Medes.
The sons of Israel sinned against the Lord God Who delivered from Egypt and Pharaoh Egypt’s King, and they feared other gods, walked in the Gentiles’ statutes, which He had cast out before Israel, and of those of Israel’s kings which they made; they did evil secretly in the Lord God’s sight, they built high-places in all their cities, from the watchmen’s tower to the fortified city; and set up pillars and Asherim on many high-hills and under green trees, and burnt incense in many high-places like the outcast exiled Gentiles; they worked wickedness to provoke the Lord’s anger; and they served forbidden idols. The Lord testified to Israel and Judah by many prophets and seers to turn them from their evil ways, to keep His commandments and statutes, the Law He commanded their fathers, and sent to them by His servants the prophets. But they refused to listen, hardened their neck, like their fathers, who did not believe the Lord their God. They rejected His statutes, His covenant with their fathers, His testimonies against them, followed vanity, became vain, like the excluded alienated Gentiles about them; forsook the Lord their God’s commandments, and made an Asherah, and worshipped the host of heaven, and served Baal. They passed through fire their sons and daughters, used divination and enchantments, sold themselves to do evil in the Lord’s sight to provoke Him to anger. The Lord was very angry with Israel, He removed them from His sight, and left only the tribe of Judah. Judah also kept not His commandments but walked in the statutes made by Israel; so, He rejected the seed of Israel, afflicted them, delivered them to spoilers, till He had cast them out of His sight. He tore Israel from David’s House, they made Jeroboam benNebat King, who drove Israel to not follow the Lord and made them sin a great sin. The children of Israel continued to walk in the sins of Jeroboam till He exiled them as He spoke by His servants the prophets. Israel was deported to Assyria to this day (time of Ezra). Assyria’s King transplanted men from Babylon, Cuthah, Avva, Hamath, and Sepharvaim, to the cities of Samaria in place of Israelis, and they occupied Samaria and its cities. At the beginning of their immigration they did not fear the Lord, so He sent lions to kill some of them. They spoke to Assyria’s King that the nations he transplanted in Samaria are ignorant of the law of the God of the land, and He has sent lions to kill some of them; he commanded that one of the captive priest to be returned to teach the immigrants the law of the God of the land. An exile priest returned to Samaria and lived in Beth-el and taught them how to fear (worship) the Lord. But the Gentiles made their own gods and put them in the houses of the high-places of the Samaritans, each had their own idol in their cities. The men of Babylon made Succoth-benoth, men of Cuth made Nergal, men of Hamath made Ashima, Avvites made Nibhaz and Tartak, Sepharvites burnt their children in fire to Adrammelech and Anammelech, the gods of Sepharvaim. They feared (worshipped) the Lord but made their own priests for their high-places to sacrifice for them in the houses of the high-places. They feared (worshipped) the Lord but served their own gods in the manner before their deportment: to this day they practice their former ways: they do not fear (worship) the Lord, nor their statutes, or ordinances, or the law , or the commandment the Lord commanded Jacob’s sons, whom He named Israel; whom He covenanted with, and charged them not to fear other gods, not to bow to them, nor serve them, nor sacrifice to them: but the Lord Who delivered them from Egypt by great power of an outstretched arm, Him they must fear, and bow, and sacrifice: and His statutes and ordinances, law and commandment, which He wrote for them (by Moses), they must obey always, and never fear other gods: His covenant with them never forget; never fear other gods; to fear the Lord their God; Who will deliver them from their enemies. They did not listen, but did as before. These nations (Gentiles, Goiim) feared (worshipped) the Lord (YHWH), and served their own graven images, they and their children and grandchildren, as did their fathers so do they to this day (time of Ezra).
In the 3rd year of King Hoshea benElah (19th NK) of Israel, King Hezekiah benAhaz (12th SK) of Judah commence to rule: he was 25, ruled 29 years in Jerusalem (d.54), his mother was Abi bathZechariah: he did right in the Lord’s sight like his forefather David; he removed the high-places, broke the pillars, cut down the Asherah; demolished the brazen serpent made by Moses on which the Israelites burned incense, he called it Nehushtan; he trusted in the Lord God of Israel; none was like him after or before of all Judah’s Kings; he clung to the Lord continually keeping His commandments given through Moses.; the Lord was with him; he prospered in everything; he rebelled against the King of Assyria, refusing to serve him; he also struck the Philistines to Gaza and its borders, from the tower to the fortified city. In the 4th year of King Hezekiah, the 7th year of King Elah of Israel, King Shalmaneser of Assyria came against and besieged Samaria, after 3 years captured it in the 6th yr of Hezekiah, the 9th yr of King Hoshea of Israel; he deported Israel to Assyria, put them in Halah, Habor, the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes; because they disobeyed Him, transgressed His covenant and Moses’ commandments. In the 14th yr. of King Hezekiah, King Sennacherib of Assyria attacked and captured the fortified cities of Judah. King Hezekiah sent word to him at Lachish, that he has offended, to please withdraw, and he will pay whatever tribute demanded; and he required 300 talents of silver, and 30 talents of gold. He gave him all the silver found in the Lord’s House and the treasures of the King’s House. Hezekiah cut off from the doors of the Lord’s Temple, and from the pillars he had overlaid, and gave it to him.
The King of Assyria sent Tartan and Rab-saris and Rabshakeh from Lachish to King Hezekiah in Jerusalem with a great army; they stood by the conduit of the upper pool by the highway of the fuller’s field; they called out to the King, and Eliakim benHilkiah, who was (Steward) over the household, and Shebnah the Scribe, and Joah benAsaph the Recorder. Rabshakeh shouted to them, tell King Hezekiah that the great King of Assyria, what is yur confidence and trust, to boast empty words: Counsel and Strength for War; on who do yu rely to rebel against me; yu rely on the Egypt the staff of a bruised reed, a man leans on it to pierce his hand: so is Pharaoh Egypt’s King to all who rely on him. If you claim to rely on the Lord your God, whose high-places and altars Hezekiah removed, and ordered Judah and Jerusalem to worship only at the altar in Jerusalem. Give pledges to the King of Assyria, and here are 2,000 horses if yu can put riders on them. How can yu resist one of the least of my master the King’s servants, to trust Egypt for chariots and riders. The Lord sent me to attack this land and destroy it. Eliakim benHilkiah and Joah asked Rabshakeh to speak to them only in Syriac (Aramaic, Syrian language) and not in Hebrew (Jews’ language) that the people on the wall do not hear; but he replied that his master sent him to tell all the Jews, to them, those on the wall, to eat their own dung and drink their own urine together; he then shouted out in Hebrew: the word of the great King of Assyria warns against listening to Hezekiah to deceive them, he cannot save them, and don’t trust in the Lord to deliver the city from the King of Assyria; make a peace-treaty to eat from their own vine and drink from their own cistern till he return to transport them to a new land like theirs of grain and new wine, of bread and vineyards, of olive-trees and honey, to live and not die; do not listen to Hezekiah to persuade them to hope in the Lord. The gods of the nations have not delivered their lands from the King of Assyria; not even the gods of Hamath or Arpad, of Sepharvaim, of Hena, and of Ivvah, have delivered Samaria. None of the gods have delivered their country, and who is the Lord to deliver Jerusalem? The people kept quiet as the King commanded them. Eliakim benHilkiah the household Steward, Shebna the Scribe, and Joab the Recorder, returned to Hezekiah with ripped clothes, and reported the words of Rabshakeh.
King Hezekiah heard, tore his clothes, and went into the Lord’s House, he sent Eliakim the Steward and Shebna the Scribe, and the Elders of the priests covered with sackcloth to the prophet Isaiah benAmoz: Hezekiah says: Today is a day of trouble, rebuke, and insult: the children are ready to be born, but there is no strength to give birth. Perhaps the Lord will hear the words of Rabshakeh from his master the King of Assyria to defy the living God, and He might rebuke his words: so, pray for the remaining remnant. Isaiah replied: Tell your master the Lord says: Fear not the words of the servants of the King of Assyria who blasphemed Me; I will put a spirit in him, he will hear news, he will return home, an I’ll cause him to die by his own sword. Rabshakeh returned, and Assyria’s King was at war against Libnah, for he heard he departed from Lachish. He heard that King Tirhakah of Ethiopia came to fight against him, he sent messengers to Hezekiah: Let not yur God who yu trust deceive yu that Jerusalem will be spared from Assyria’s King; but yu have heard what he has done destroying all the other lands; and his father before him destroyed, without the gods intervention, Gozan, Haran, Rezeph, the children of Eden in Telassar; just like the Kings of Hamath, Arpad, Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivvah. Hezekiah received the letter from the messengers, read it, went to the Lord’s House and spread before the Lord. He prayed: Lord God of Israel, seated above the cherubs, God alone of all the kingdoms of the earth, Maker of heaven and earth: incline Yur ear to hear, open Yur eyes to see, the words of Sennacherib to defy the living God; true the Kings of Assyria have laid waste nations and lands, and thrown their gods into the fire; for they were no gods but men’s work, of wood and stone; save us from his hands, that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that Yu alone are God. Then Isaiah benAmoz sent to Hezekiah: The Lord God of Israel says: I have heard yur prayer against King Sennacherib of Assyria. This is the Lord’s word concerning him: The Virgin Daughter of Zion has despised yu and scorned yu in laughter: whom have yu defied and blasphemed, exalted yur voice and uplifted yur eyes on high, against the Holy One of Israel. Yur messengers defied the Lord, yu boast of chariots on the mountaintops, to the innermost parts of Lebanon to cut down tall cedars and choice fir-trees to enter his farthest lodging-place, the forest of his fruitful field; and dugged and drunk foreign waters, to dry up the rivers of Egypt with the sole of my feet. But long ago I did it and said: I have brought it about that yu might destroy the fortified cities to ruin heaps; they were weak, dismayed and confounded, like grass of the field, as the green herb, as the grass on the housetops, as grain blasted before it is grown up. I know yur sittings, yur goings, yur rages against Me; for yur rages and arrogancy against me I will put My hook in yur nose, My bridle in yur lips, I will turn yu back the way yu came. This is a sign for yu: eat this year of what grows itself, 2nd yr what springs, in 3rd yr sow and reap, and eat of it. The escaped remnant of Judah’s House shall root again and bear fruit; from Jerusalem and mount Zion the escaped remnant, done by the zeal of the Lord. Assyria’s King shall not enter this city, nor shoot his arrow, nor with a shield, or cast a mound against it; by the way he came he will return without entering this city; I will defend it for My own sake and for David. That night the Lord’s Angel struck the camp of the Assyrians of 185,000, in the morning they were all dead. King Sennacherib of Assyria departed and returned to Nineveh. While he worshipped in the House of his God Nisroch, Adrammelech and Sharezer struck him with the sword, and they escaped to Ararat. His son Esar-haddon ruled in his place.
Hezekiah was deathly sick: the prophet Isaiah benAmoz came to him: the Lord tells him to get his house in order before he dies; he turned his face to the wall and prayed the Lord to remember his walk before the Lord in truth and goodness; and he wept deeply. Before Isaiah had left the city, the Lord’s word came to him, return to Hezekiah the Prince of My people: the Lord God of yur father David has heard yur prayer, seen yur tears, I will heal yu, on the 3rd day yu will go up to the Lord’s House, and I will add 15 years to yu, I will deliver yu and this city from Assyria’s King, for my sake and for David. Isaiah told them to place a cake of figs on the boil, and he recovered. Hezekiah had asked what is the sign of his recovery and go to the Lord’s House on the 3rd day? Isaiah told him the Lord asks him to choose for the shadow to go forward 10 steps or go backward 10 steps; Hezekiah said it’s easy to advance but very hard to go backwards; Isaiah cried out to the Lord and he made the shadow go backwards 10 steps on Ahaz’ sun-dial. King Berodach-baladan benBaladan of Babylon, after he heard he was sick, sent letters and gifts to Hezekiah. Hezekiah was pleased and showed them the houses and precious valuables of silver, gold, costly oil, the house of his armor and weapons, all his treasures of his House and dominion. The prophet Isaiah came and asked what these men said, and whence they came, and he said from Babylon. He asked what they have seen in his house, he said they have seen all things in my house, I’ve shown them all my treasures. Isaiah told Hezekiah the Lord’s word: Soon all they’ve seen and been shown will be taken to Babylon, including his sons, who will be eunuchs in the Palace of Babylon’s King. Hezekiah replied that the Lord’s word is good, if peace and truth shall be in my days. The Acts and Works of Hezekiah, his Pool and Conduit (Waterway, Channel) to bring water into the city, they are recorded in Book of the Chronicles of Judah’s Kings. He died, and his son Manasseh (13th SK) ruled in his place.
Manasseh was 12 yrs old when he commenced his rule, and ruled for 55 yrs (d.67) in Jerusalem, his mother was Hephzibah; he did evil in the Lord’s sight, after the abominations of the prior outcast nations; he rebuilt the high-places that Hezekiah destroyed; he erected altars for Baal, made an Asherah like King Ahab of Israel; and he worshipped and served the host of heaven. He built altars in the Lord’s House in Jerusalem, the place of the Lord’s name; he built altars for heaven’s host in the 2 courts of the Lord’s House; he made his son to pass through the fire, he practiced augury, used enchantments, had dealings with familiar spirits, with wizards; he worked immense evil in the Lord’s sight to provoke him to anger. He set the graven image of his Asherah in the Lord’s House in Jerusalem, which He told David and Solomon that this is My chosen place for My name in all of Israel forever; neither will I allow Israel to be exiled or deported, if they will obey My commandments in the law of Moses My servant. They never listen, Manasseh seduced them to do more evil than all the prior Gentiles whom the Lord destroyed. The Lord spoke to His servants the prophets: Because King Manasseh of Judah did these abominations, more wickedly than the Amorites, and made Judah sin with idols; I will bring upon Jerusalem and Judah such evil that ears shall tingle. I will measure Jerusalem with the line of Samaria, with the plummet of Ahab’s House; I will wipe Jerusalem as a man wipes a dish inside and out. I will throw away the remnant of My inheritance, and hand them over to their enemies for a prey and spoil; because of all their evil and provocation from Egypt to this day. Manasseh murdered many innocent people and filled Jerusalem with blood; this besides his open idolatry before the Lord. The Acts and Works and Sin of Manasseh are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Judah’s Kings; he died and was buried in the garden in his own house, the Garden of Uzza; and his son Amon (14th SK) ruled in his place.
Amon (14th SK) was 22 when his rule commenced; he ruled 2 yrs in Jerusalem; his mother was Meshullemeth bathHaruz of Jotbah. He did evil in the Lord’s sight like Manasseh, he walked in all his ways, he served and worshipped idols; he forsook the Lord God and walked not in the Lord’s way. Amon’s servants conspired against him, killing him in his own house. The people in turn slew all those who conspired against King Amon; and they made his son Josiah (15th SK) King in his place. The Acts and Works of Amon are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Judah’s Kings; he died and was buried in his sepulcher in Uzzah’s Garden; and his son Josiah (15th SK) ruled in his place.
Josiah (15th SK) was 8 when he commenced his rule, he ruled for 31 yrs (d.c.40) in Jerusalem, his mother was Jedidah bathAdaiah of Bozkath. He did right in the Lord’s sight, walked in the ways of David, and did not stray or detour. In the 18th yr of King Josiah (his 26th yr) he sent Shaphan benAzaliah benMeshullam the Scribe to the Lord’s House: Go to Hilkiah the High Priest to get the sum of the money brought into the Lord’s House, collected by the keepers from the people; to deliver the money to the workmen supervising the Lord’s House, to be given to the workers in the Lord’s House to repair the breaches of the House, to the carpenters, to the builders, to the masons, and to buy timber and pre-cut stones to repair the House. They did not count the sum transferred to them because they were faithful.
The High-Priest Hilkiah told the Scribe Shaphan that he found the Book (Sepher, Scroll) of the Law (ha-Torah) in the Lord’s House (Y’howah’s Beth); and gave it to him, and he read it. ((No doubt the copy of Deuteronomy, in an earlier script which Shaphan the Scribe could read and understand.)) Shaphan returned to the King to report: the servants have exhausted the money found in the House, they distributed it to the supervisors and workers of the Lord’s House; and the Priest Hilkiah handed to him the Book, and he read it to the King. The King heard the words read from the Book of the Law and tore his clothes; he commanded the Priest Hilkiah, Ahikam benShaphan, Achbor benMicaiah, the Scribe Shaphan, and the King’s Servant Asaiah: go, inquire of the Lord for him, for the people, and for all Judah, concerning the words of this lost Book; for great is His wrath against them, since their forefathers have not obeyed all the words of this Book. They went to the Prophetess Huldah (wife) ’esheth-Shalum benTivah ben Harhas the keeper of the wardrobe she lived in Jerusalem in a college (school, school of the prophets), and they communed with her: she told them that the Lord tells them to tell their sender, that He will bring evil on this place and citizens, all the words which Judah’s King read: they have forsaken Me, burned incense to other gods, provoked Me to anger by their deeds; My unquenchable wrath will burn against this place. Tell the King of Judah who enquires from the Lord: the words heard, in yur tender heart, and yu humbled yurself at My words, of desolation and curse, tore yur clothes and shed tears; the Lord has heard yu. Yu will die in peace and not see the evil I will bring on this place and people. And they returned and reported to the King.
The King gathered all the Elders of Judah and Jerusalem and he went up to the Lord’s House with the men of Judah and the citizens of Jerusalem, with the priests, prophets, all the people, small and great: and he read to them all the words of the Book of the Covenant (Deuteronomy) found in the Lord’s House. He stood by the pillar and made a covenant before the Lord to walk with Him, to keep His commandments, His testimonies, His statutes, with all his soul, to confirm the words of the Covenant written in this Book. He commanded the Priest Hilkiah, and the priests of the second order, and the keepers of the threshold, to bring out of the Lord’s Temple the vessels made for Baal, for Asherah, and for the host of heaven; and he burned them outside Jerusalem in the fields of Kidron, and carried the ashes to Beth-el. He removed the idolatrous priests of the Kings of Judah ordained to burn incense to Baal, to the sun, to the moon, to the planets, and to all heaven’s host. He brought out the Asherah from the Lord’s House outside Jerusalem, to the brook Kidron, and burned it, beat it to dust, and threw the dust on the graves of the common people. He destroyed the houses of the Sodomites inside the Lord’s House, where the women wove hangings for the Asherah. He took all the priests out of the cities of Judah and defiled the high-places where the priests burned incense, from Geba to Beer-sheba; he demolished the high-places of the gates at the entrance of the gate of Joshua the governor of the city, at the left of the city’s gate. The priests of the high-places did not come to the Lord’s altar in Jerusalem, but they ate unleavened bread with their brothers. He defiled Topheth in the valley of the children of Hinnom, to prevent anyone ever to make his son or daughter pass through the fire to Molech. He removed the horses of the Kings of Judah given to the sun, at the entrance of the Lord’s House, by the chamber of Nathan-melech the Chamberlain in the precincts; he torched the sun chariots. The altars on the roof of Ahaz’ upper chamber of the Kings of Judah, and the altars of Manasseh in the 2nd courts of the Lord’s House he demolished, beat them down, and threw their dust in brook Kidron. The he defiled the high-places in front of Jerusalem, on the right side of the mount of corruption of Solomon Israel’s King, built for Ashtoreth the abomination of the Sidonians, Chemosh the abomination of Moab, and Milcom the abomination of the Ammonites. He broke the pillars in pieces, cut down the Asherim, and filled their places with the bones of men. The Altar at Beth-el and the High-Place of Jeroboam benNebat, who made Israel to sin, he destroyed, burned, beat into dust, and burned the Asherah. Josiah turned around and noticed the sepulchers in the mount, he removed the bones and burned them upon the Altar and defiled it as the word of the Lord proclaimed these things by the Man of God. He asked whose monument is this? The citizens said it was the sepulcher of the Man of God from Judah who proclaimed the things he has done against the altar of Beth-el; he ordered his bones not to be disturbed, nor of the prophet that came from Samaria. The houses of the high-places of the Kings of Israel of Samaria’s cities he removed and did like he did at Beth-el; he put to death the priests of the high-places on the altars, and on them burned their bones; then he returned to Jerusalem.
The King commanded the people to keep the Passover to the Lord God as written in the Book of the Covenant (Sepher ha-Berith, Deuteronomy)); and never was there a Passover kept from the days of the Judges of Israel or the days of the Kings of Israel and Judah; in the 18th year of King Josiah was this Passover kept to the Lord in Jerusalem. All those with familiar spiritism, the wizards, teraphim, idols, and all the abominations seen in the land of Judah and Jerusalem, he removed, to confirm the words written in the Book (Deuteronomy) the Priest Hilkiah found in the Lord’s House. Not before or after was there a King like him who turned to the Lord with all his heart, soul, and strength, in all the law of Moses. Yet the Lord continued His fierce wrath against Judah for all their provocations of Manasseh. The Lord promised to remove Israel and throw away His chosen city Jerusalem, and the House of His name. The Acts and Works of Josiah are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Judah’s Kings. King Pharaoh-necoh of Egypt went against the King of Assyria at the river Euphrates, King Josiah also went against him, and was slain at Megiddo confronting him. His servants carried him after he died in a chariot from Megiddo to Jerusalem and buried him in his own sepulcher. The people anointed Jehoahaz benJosiah (16th SK) King in his place.
Jehoahaz (16th SK) was 23 yrs when he commenced his rule; he ruled 3 months in Jerusalem; his mother was Hamutal bathJeremiah of Libnah. He did evil in the Lord’s sight, as did his forefathers. Pharaoh-necoh jailed (arrested, imprisoned) him at Riblah in Hamath that he ruled not in Jerusalem; and the land gave tribute of talents of silver and a talent of gold; he also made Eliakim benJosiah King in place of Josiah and changed his name to Jehoiakim (17th SK); but he removed Jehoahaz; and he returned to Egypt and died.
Jehoiakim (Eliakim, 17th SK) gave the silver and gold to Pharaoh; he taxed the land to give the money at Pharaoh’s command: he exacted the silver and gold from the people of the land, each according to his taxation, to give to Pharaoh-necoh. Jehoiakim (17th SK) was 25 yrs when he commenced to rule; he ruled 11 yrs in Jerusalem; his mother was Zebidah bathPedaiah of Rumah. He did evil in the Lord’s sight like his forefathers. King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came and made him his servant for 3 yrs, then he rebelled. The Lord sent against him and Judah the bands of Chaldeans, Syrians, Moabites, and Ammonites, to destroy, according to His word He spoke by His servants the prophets: by the Lord’s commandment it came on Judah to deport them from His sight, for all the sins of Manasseh, and all the innocent blood he shed in Jerusalem; the Lord would not pardon. The Acts and Works of Jehoiakim are recorded in the Book of the Chronicles of Judah’s Kings. He died, and his son Jehoiachin (18th SK) ruled in his place. The King of Egypt never again came from his land, because the King of Babylon conquered from the brook of Egypt to the river Euphrates, all Egypt’s dominion.
Jehoiachin (18th SK) was 18 yrs when he commenced his rule, he ruled 3 months in Jerusalem; his mother was Nehusta bathElnathan of Jerusalem. He did evil in the Lord’s sight like his forefathers. The servants of King Nebuchadnezzar besieged the city, and King Nebuchadnezzar entered Jerusalem, and King Jehoiachin surrendered to him, he and his mother, servants, princes, and officers; and the King of Babylon captured him in the 8th year of his rule (he was 26). He exported all the treasures of the Lord’s House, of the King’s House, and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold in the Lord’s Temple made by King Solomon of Israel; he deported all Jerusalem, all the princes, the mighty men of valor, total of 10,000 captives, with the craftsmen and smiths, everyone except the poorest of the land. He deported Jehoiachin to Babylon, with his mother, wives, officers, and nobles, deported and exiled from Jerusalem to Babylon; with 7,000 mighty men, 1,000 artisans and craftsmen, all strong and able to fight, he made captives and slaves. He made Mattaniah [Jehoiachin’s] father’s brother King in his place and changed his name to Zedekiah (19th SK).
Zedekiah (19th SK) was 21 yrs when he commenced his rule, he ruled 11 years in Jerusalem; his mother was Hamutal bathJeremiah of Libnah. He did evil in the Lord’s sight like Jehoiakim. By the Lord’s anger all this came on Jerusalem and Judah till he exiled them from His presence. Zedekiah rebelled against the King of Babylon.
In the 9th yr of his rule, the 10th month and the 10th day, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon with his army besieged Jerusalem with encampments and forts around it till the 11th yr of King Zedekiah. In the 9th day of the [4th] month the famine was very severe in the city, there was no bread left for the people; a breach was made in the city, and the fighters fled by night by the gate between the two walls by the King’s Garden (the Chaldeans surrounded the city), and [the King] escaped by the way of the Arabah. The Chaldeans’ army pursued the King and caught up with him in the plains of Jericho and his army scattered; the King was captured and escorted to the King of Babylon at Riblah; and he judged him; Zedekiah’s sons were slain in his sight, his eyes were put out, he was chained, and deported to Babylon. In the 5th mnth, the 7th day, in the 19th yr of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, the Captain (general) of the Guard, Babylon’s King’s servant, entered Jerusalem; he torched the Lord’s House, the King’s House, all the houses of Jerusalem, and every great house and building. The Chaldean army demolished the walls of Jerusalem; the rest of the citizens and the deserters to the King of Babylon, and all residents of the crowds, the Captain of the Guard Nebuzaradan deported and exiled; but he left the poorest of the land to be vinedressers and farmers. The brass pillars of the Lord’s House, the bases and brazen sea in the House, the Chaldeans dismantled and transported to Babylon; with all the pots, shovels, snuffers, spoons, all brass vessels and utensils ministered with; the firepans, basins, gold things, silver things, was carried off; the two pillars, the one sea, the bases made by Solomon for the Lord’s House, the brass weight of these were immense. One pillar’s height was 18 cbts (c. 30 ft), with its brass capital, height of 3 cbts (c. 5 ft.), with a network of pomegranates around the capital, all of brass, and the 2nd pillar was identical. The Captain of the Guard took Seraiah the Chief Priest, Zephaniah the 2nd Priest, the 3 Keepers of the Threshold (Doorway, House-Entrance), the city’s Officer over the soldiers, with 5 special Guards of the King’s Presence, the Scribe, the Captain (General) of the Host who mustered the people, and 60 citizens (Nobles) of the city; all these Nebuzaradan deported and transported to the King of Babylon at Riblah. The King of Babylon put them to death at Riblah in Hamath. So, Judah was exiled from his land.
The rest of the people of the land of Judah, not deported by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, he put over them Gedaliah benAhikam benShaphan as Governor. The captains of the forces heard of Governor Gedaliah, and they came to him at Mizpah; namely, Ishmael benNethaniah, Johanan benKareah, Seraiah benTanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah son of the Maacathite, with their men. Gedaliah swore to them, do not be afraid of the Chaldeans, stay in the land and serve Babylon’s King, and all will be well. But in the 7th month, Ishmael benNethaniah benElishama of the royal seed, came with 10 men and murdered Gedaliah, along with the Jews and the Chaldeans at Mizpah. All the people, small and great, fled to Egypt in fear of the Chaldeans. In the 37th year of the Captivity of King Jehoiachin of Judah (18th SK), in the 12th mnth on the 27th day, King Evil-merodach of Babylon, in the 1st yr of his rule, promoted King Jehoiachin of Judah from prison; he spoke kindly to him, and exalted his throne above the other Kings’ thrones in Babylon, and changed his prison garments; he ate bread with him continually for the remainder of his days; and his daily allowance came from the King each day to the end of his life.